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Art Strike In Nyc Essay, Research Paper
Strike In Modern Art Museum Of New York
The Professional and Administrative Staff Association (PASTA) of The
Museum of Modern Art (MoMa) represting 250 administrative assistants,
archivists, curatorial staff, conservators, educators, graphic artists, librarians,
salespeople, secretaries, visitor assistants and writers. Their union started the
strike on April 28, 2000.
The central issues involve salaries, healthcare, the threat of layoffs and union rights. The old contract expired October 31 1999. This is the first major strike at the museum since 1973.
The Professional and Administrative Staff Association (PASTA), which is Local 2110 of the United Auto Workers, represent the strikers. They comprise a varied workforce of administrative assistants, archivists, curators, conservators, graphic artists, librarians, salespeople, secretaries, visitors assistants and writers.
PASTA is one of six unions in the museum. The members of the other five bargaining units are continuing to work.
The workers have rejected the museum’s offer of a three percent raise a year for three years, and is demanding five percent for the first year and four percent for the subsequent years in a five-year contract. The strikers believe that this demand is more than justified considering the very low wages they receive, which they say are even lower than what is paid in other museums for comparable work. The median wage for the employees is $28,000 a year, and the starting salary for 40 of the workers is $17,000 a year which is nothing.
Furthermore, the union says that the museum is refusing to maintain the employees’ health insurance and other benefits. PASTA maintains that MoMA has been very successful in its investments, and could easily afford a decent salary hike while maintaining benefits. The workers feel that their wages are being held down while the managers are more than amply compensated.
Another issue provoking the strike is job security. The museum is undergoing a $650 million expansion project for at least two years, and is planning relocate to Queens from its present location in Manhattan during that period of time. The union fears that the jobs of many of its members will be lost, and wants a guarantee that the workers will be able to return to their positions when the project is completed. The union is seeking a five-year contract in order to ensure that any job security clause will not expire before the project has been completed. This way everyone will know they have a job when they come back and not be in fear that they will be jobless. This is one of the major issues.
PASTA wants the museum to agree that all new workers be required to either join the union or, if they don’t join, be required to pay an equivalent monetary amount of the dues as an agency fee that goes to the union. At the same time, PASTA has filed charges with the National Labor Relations Board charging the museum with not bargaining in good faith by attempting to bypass the union and negotiate with individual employees.
The strike has forced the museum to cancel a fundraising event starring the singer Sheryl Crow. MoMA officials said that they did not want Ms. Crow or the ticket holders to have to cross a picket line, and refunded 450 tickets with prices ranging from $500 to $1,000 each!
Other than this event, some workers on the picket line have stated that it is difficult for them to judge how many people they have managed to discourage from going into the museum. MoMA officials are maintaining that the museum is running normally, and that ninety of the two hundred and sixty workers that are represented by the bargaining unit are working. Union officials dispute the claim that the strike is having no effect on the institution and say that only thirty workers are crossing the picket line.
One striker, Ela Respina, a photographer with one year at the museum, said, ?Our salaries are quite low. MoMA is penny pitching on our wages. The museum has made a lot of money in the last couple of years, and this is on public record. ?One problem is that all the other unions have contracts that expire at different times, and so they are working. The guards have a no-strike clause in their contract, the art handlers have a no-strike clause, the operation and housekeeping union has a no-strike clause, and so on. By contract they cannot go on a sympathy strike and join us. ?I work here because MoMA is a premier institution. It has a first-rate collection, and enormous resources. I have learned a lot since I have been here. People in the arts profession love what they do, and are not working primarily for the money. For example, my colleague standing here with me on this picket line has a Ph.D., and she makes less money than the guards.?
Danny Fermon is a museum librarian who has been working for over 30 years and is on the union’s negotiating committee. He said, ?A lot of librarians who are not in the unions and work in law firms, make a lot more money than a librarian for a museum or for the public library. I have a masters degree in music, and a masters in Library Studies. After 30 years on this job, I make about $37,000. I believe that what they pay the workers here is the lowest of any museum in New York. ?I am here because I like the work that I do, and the people that I work with. Also, there are certain health and pension benefits that I get here that I would not get in a firm. ?We are handing out flyers urging people not to visit the museum. A lot of people do not go in, but it is hard to tell just how much of an overall effect we are having. However, Tuesday night the singer Sheryl Crow canceled a benefit that was scheduled to take place here because she will not cross our picket line.
?One of the most important of our demands is for a closed union shop. There are 260 staff personnel, but only 180 are in the union. Most of the nonunion workers are crossing the picket line, but some have joined the strike. There are also about a dozen union members who are scabbing.?
If the bargaining unit can do a good job and have their needs met the strike will end in everyone?s favor. This is a major problem is because most of the workers in Art Museum are among the lowest paid workers in New York?s Museums. Workers that have been working there for over long periods of time like Mr. Danny Fermon should not fear such problems as job security. Members like him and others should have high seniority, especially with a masters degree the wages and benefits should be more reasonable. If simple tasks like this can be met to start it off, maybe the strike can come to an end, and the rest of the issues be solved in the future. If the major needs are met first at least the workers can start working, because it?s better then not working at all both to the Museum and the workers. We all hope this ongoing drama can come to a understanding end after several long months.
On September 8, 2000 the 4 and half month strike finally came to an end during a 15hour session.
Both sides compromised in order to reach an agreement. The union relented on its demand to control the Museum’s healthcare plan (though management is obligated, prior to making any changes to the Health and Welfare Program, to negotiate in good faith with the union over its proposed changes) and management has granted the union’s request for an agency shop that would “grandfather” all current employees. Also of note is the negotiated salary increase of 17.5% over 5 years for an average of 3.5% each year.
ny times 1999 june
wall street paper april 1999.
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