Полнотекстовый поиск:
Где искать:
только в названии
только в тексте
слова в тексте
только заголовок

Рекомендуем ознакомиться

Остальные работы->Реферат
The Constitutional responsibility of the press is to inform the public. The First Amendment comes into direct conflict with the rights and responsibil...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
alcohol consumption Alcohol, probably the oldest drug known, has been used at least since the earliest societies for which records exist. Of the numer...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
Teenagers have a hard time looking ahead into the near future, never mind much later in their lives. But society continues to tell the youths of today...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
His image creeps into the corner of my eye while I inspect my shoes. I scrub the soles back and forth on the pavement, out of habit, to insure a dry s...полностью>>

Главная > Реферат >Остальные работы

Сохрани ссылку в одной из сетей:

Islands As A Narration Of A Young Boys Initiation Into The World Essay, Research Paper

A. Hemon s Islands is the narrative of a young boys initiation into the adult

world. The boy travels to a place he has never been before, far away from all the

comforts of his childhood home. The island is full of secrets about the adult world and

the terrible things that can happen within it. While away, he learns shocking lessons

about the world in which he lives, mainly from his Uncle Julius, who tells scary stories

that he thinks the boy should know about. The boy is unprotected from everything on

the island and everything it contains. Through this unprotected environment, he learns

things about the adult world that are not learned anywhere else.

In the car on the way to the coast, the boy almost loses his voice by singing

communist songs the entire journey. (129) By his singing songs about mournful

mothers looking through graves for their dead sons and the revolution the boy

demonstrates his naivity. He is, after all, just a young boy. His limited life experience is

shown in his singing such songs, without understanding the full meanings and

connotations that those songs carry. The boys innocence is emphasized here, as these

are adult songs and it is only, generally, children who sing on car journeys until their

voices are gone.

Even before boarding the boat, the boy begins to notice how ugly age and

adulthood can be. He notices the gnarled knees , the spreading sweat stains on their

shirts and sagging wrinkles of fat on their thighs. (129) At one point, he sees one of

the Germans, an old, bony man get down on his knees and then vomit over the pier

edge. The boy sees this, but still relates it back to something he understands. The vomit

Catherine Henderson

hit the surface and then dispersed in different directions, like children running away to

hide from the seeker. (130) Again, by relating something so grotesque to something so

childlike and innocent, the boy reminds the reader that he is still just a young child, not

yet ready to deal with this kind of adult vision.

Once boarded on the boat and sailing to Mljet, the boy loses his hat. It is not just

a hat though, it is his hat that shielded him from the grown-ups and the adult way of

life. If he wanted to look at them properly, he had to raise his head. The hat was a

round straw hat with all the seven dwarfs painted on it. (129) When the gust of

waylaying wind snatches the hat off the boys head and tosses it into the sea, the boy is

no longer shielded by childrens fairy tales of princesses and dwarfs, and is symbolically

no longer protected from the adult world. He cries himself to sleep. When he awakens,

he has arrived at Mljet, and is exposed to the Island, and what it contains, including

adult fairy tales, in the form of scary stories.

Upon the island, away from everything familiar to him, the boy is laid bare to not

only the reality of a harsh, thicket covered island, but also his Uncle Julius, who seems

to enjoy telling the young boy scary stories of the island. The first story Uncle Julius

tells the boy is about some crazed mongooses that were brought on to the island to get

rid of the snakes. The snakes were killing chicken and dogs, but then the mongooses

killed all the snakes and began to kill the chicken and dogs themselves. Uncle Julius tells

the boy that it s all one pest after another, like revolutions. Life is nothing if not a

succession of evils. (131) This story shows the boy how even supposedley good

things can turn bad . People who were once childhood friends to the boy may later

become his enemies and of this he must be cautioned.

The second story told to the boy is about Uncle Julius s grandfather. His family

brought beekeeping to the Bosnia, and were respected. The story ends with his

grandfather dying of dysentry. People used to die of that all the time. They d just shit

Catherine Henderson

themselves to death. (133) This harsh realization that even respected, intelligent

people can die in undignified ways is another step into the adult world. As a child, the

boy feels like everyone lives forever, but as he is initiated into the adult world, he

realizes how life is not endless and in the end, we all end up the same; dead and

un-protected from anything that makes us anything more than any other dying


Uncle Julius next tells the boy a story of the Arkangelsk camp, where if you

were repeatedly late or missed several days of school with no excuse, you would get six

months to three years in a camp. (134) Uncle Julius continues the story about a boy

called Vanyka who was sent to one of these camps and tortured and moved from camp

to camp, until one day he escaped and killed another escapee, so he would have food.

This story of cannibalism intigues the boy and he shows his interest in the adult world

with the question, So what happened to him? (136) With this interest in something so

hideous and, perhaps, the worst crime a human being could commit, the boy is

becoming an adult, or at least envisioning adulthood.

The fourth scary story of adulthood is about Pirates on the island. Uncle Julius

tells the boy that the lakes they are boating in used to be a pirate haven in the sixteenth

century. (140) He tells of torture and ghostsand children hung on meat hooks because

their parents wouldn t pay the ransom. Uncle Julius tells the boy that the pirate haven,

now a hotel, was also a nunnery where they thought the nuns were really withches, and

then a German prison. This effects the boy, in that he is physically in a place, where

torture and debauchery happened. It is not just a story to the boy. Things are becoming

real to him. The adult world is becoming real.

In Uncle Julius s final story, he talks of the oldest man in the world who has

been reduced to the behaving like a child again. And the teacher told us that the old

Catherine Henderson

man cried all the time, ate only liquid foods, and couldn t bear being seperated from his

favourite toy. (141) Uncle Julius continues in this and tells the boy that all is for

naught. This tells the boy that life is not worth anything and anything he may

accomplish will all be turned to this anyway, so what is the point in any of it . You

might just as well stop, for nothing will change. (141)

Perhaps this is the strongest picture of adulthood and is the most severe for the

boy so far. When the boy is just that, a young boy of pure childlike qualities, there is

hope of what is to come. Every child thinks about what they want to be when they re

grown up and living their lives as happy adults, but what Uncle Julius is saying is that

it is not worth even bothering with and that adulthood brings nothing more to a persons

life than childhood does in the end . The boy is now coming to terms with the

realization of adulthood and all that comes with it.

Although Uncle Julius tells all these horrific stories to the young boy, he does give

the boy one lesson in living. He tells the boy that to survive in this adult, scary, world,

he must blend in. He does this through taking the boy to the beehives. Uncle Julius tells

the boy not to fidget so the bees won t sting him. I d be frightened by the possibility of

being stung, even though he told me that the bees would not attack me if I pretended not

to exist. (139) This lesson in non-existing is what Uncle Julius teaches him through the


In conclusion, A. Hemons Islands narrates a young boys initiation into an adult

world through a series of events, namely the stories Uncle Julius tells him. These stories

teach the bot that the adult world is treacherous, evil and that people within it eat their own

kind in order to survive. At the end of the story, the boy returns home and finds the plants

all withered and the cat, not having been fed for week, was emancipated and nearly mad

with hunger. (142) The cat will not come to the boy when he calls to her, and looks at him

with irreversible hatred.

Catherine Henderson

The boy can never go back to the pureness of being a child again. The irreversible

hatred the cat has, is as irreversible as Uncle Julius s stories and the boys initiation into

the adult world. Nothing can change what the boy experienced while away on the island of



Загрузить файл

Похожие страницы:

  1. British Control Of The Caribbean And Its

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    ... tell his story. A young white girl becomes the narrator of cliff’s excerpt. By ... first day of school was not as simple as packing of lunch and walking ... to the strategic location of the islands. The influx of people is politically ...
  2. About Judy Grahn Essay Research Paper Mary

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    ... 49]. In addition, the narrator not only talks to but ... be a white, male, heterosexual, young, educated, middle class, etc. ... no space for a young lesbian in the early ... visualizing the overlapping islands as Lingis’ "continuity of convexities and concavities" ...
  3. Book Analysis Of Lord Of The Flies

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    ... . “No. They’re not as bad as that. It was an accident ... . Very similar to the tropical islands of the Pacific. It is very ... scrawny. He’s a rebellious and chaotic young boy, which I find hard to ... knows about many things. The narrator of the story would be Ralph ...
  4. Ethnography Of The City Essay Research Paper

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    ... a pervasive presence in the lives of young people in urban communities in ... and third person narration that Malinowski instituted as the model of ethnographic literature ... elements of a society’s practices (such as headhunting in the Trobriand Islands or ...
  5. Maxine Hong Kingston Essay Research Paper Maxine

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    ... felt like a stranger in the islands. She and her husband moved ... Wittman’s theatrical production. The psychodrama of young Maxine’s linguistic struggle is concretely ... American history. The narrator of China Men identifies herself as a family historian with ...

Хочу больше похожих работ...

Generated in 0.0014219284057617