Полнотекстовый поиск:
Где искать:
только в названии
только в тексте
слова в тексте
только заголовок

Рекомендуем ознакомиться

Остальные работы->Реферат
I was very touched by all that happened to Shua, I almost felt like crying. I don?t think any person should ever go through what Shua and his friends ...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
Why would anyone want to go to an all girls’ school? This is a question I have often pondered. Can you imagine school without the obnoxious comments f...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
I feel his first opera really caught my attention. I also thought that it was strange of them to ask him to cut notes and make it shorter. I would thi...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
PageMaker was designed for the newly released Apple Macintosh, which featured a graphic user interface that allowed documents to be created and viewed...полностью>>

Главная > Реферат >Остальные работы

Сохрани ссылку в одной из сетей:

Illusion In M. Butterfly Essay, Research Paper

Illusion in M. Butterfly

In David Henry Hwang’s play M. Butterfly we are introduced to Rene Gallimard who has unknowingly been sexually involved with another man for twenty years. The idea of mistaken gender within the play causes the reader to question how could one mistake his/her lover’s gender for so long? In Rene Gallimard’s search for self-identity he ignorantly chooses illusion over reality.

Hwang effectively uses the opera Madame Butterfly by Giacomo Puccini as a framework to mold the main character, Rene Gallimard. Gallimard longs to be like the hero in Madame Butterfly, Benjamin Franklin Pinkerton, who dominates and possesses a beautiful Asian woman. Within the drama Gallimard concedes that he is not very attractive and that he hasn’t always been popular amongst the ladies. Gallimard states “We, who are not handsome, nor brave, nor powerful, yet somehow believe like Pinkerton, that we deserve a Butterfly”(747). Obviously Gallimard is not happy with himself or his life so he goes in search for his Butterfly or more importantly a new identity.

Gallimard thinks he has found his Butterfly when he meets and Asian actress named Song Liling. Unaware of Song’s real gender he shows interest in her. As the drama progresses so does Gallimard and Song’s relationship. Upon becoming intimate Song exclaims, “No?let me?keep my clothes. [. . .] Turn off the lights”(761). Song’s repeated modesty should invoke curiosity within Gallimard but he chooses to overlook her strange requests. As the readers, we

too could find nothing wrong with her modesty at this point, but during the trial, revealing facts are exposed. Song replies to the judge “I suppose he might have wondered why I was always on my stomach”(780). Now that we have the details of their sexual relationship, it is quite clear that Gallimard chooses illusion over reality in order to maintain his new identity. Gallimard becomes as sick as his idol Pinkerton when talks about Song’s reaction to his affair “It was her tears and her silence that excited me, every time I visited Renee”(769). Another example of Gallimard’s choice of illusion is his belief that Song bore his child. Song claims she is pregnant and then runs away only to come back several months later with a child. Gallimard never sees her pregnant yet he still chooses to turn his back on reality and looks to illusion.

In the end Gallimard confesses to his choice of illusion and wishes to remain there because the reality is to ugly to face. When Song reveals her true gender Gallimard confesses “I knew all the time somewhere that my happiness was temporary, my love a deception. But my mind kept the knowledge at bay”(783). In Gallimard’s attempt to obtain a more manly and fulfilling identity he ultimately has to live in a fantasy.

Gallimard is so desperate to hang on to his Pinkerton-like identity that he consciously chooses to turn his back on reality and find solace within illusion. Tragically he continues to embrace illusion until the end as he places the wig upon his head and exclaims, “My name is Rene Gallimard-also known as Madame Butterfly”(785) and kills himself. Ultimately in the end he refuses to face reality and takes the easy way out and ironically he becomes the butterfly that “?writhe[s] on a needle”(757).

Hwang, David Henry. M. Butterfly. Literature and the Writing Process. Elizabeth McMahan,

Susan X Day, and Robert Funk. 5th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice, 1999.


Загрузить файл

Похожие страницы:

  1. A Touch Of Realism Essay Research Paper

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    A Touch Of Realism Essay, Research Paper A Touch Of Realism The ... comforter, edging awkwardly like a butterfly from a cocoon, swinging my ... and in fabric softener and dried in the in summer breeze ... was another bad dream, an illusion perhaps, wishing that I ...
  2. African Widow Bird Essay Research Paper Finding

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    African Widow Bird Essay, Research Paper Finding good day care can ... species of inedible butterflies. Butterflies don’t “choose” to mimic other butterflies in the same ... like antennae, creating the illusion that the butterfly has a second head. Whenever ...
  3. Matthew Arnold Essay Research Paper One of

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Matthew Arnold Essay, Research Paper One of the most noted ... compared to that of a butterfly. By describing her spirit like ... on, she evolved into a butterfly who wanted to help others ... as bringing the sadness in, apparently kicking the illusion of happiness out ...
  4. ImposterA Essay Research Paper THE GREAT IMPOSTERSFinding

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Imposter(A) Essay, Research Paper THE GREAT IMPOSTERSFinding good day ... species of inedible butterflies. Butterflies don’t “choose” to mimic other butterflies in the same ... look like antennae, creating the illusion thatthe butterfly has a second head. Whenever ...
  5. The Simpsons Essay Research Paper simpsons The

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    ... Essay, Research Paper simpsons The American animation The Simpsons is now in its ... to create the visual illusion of depth (Walt Disney ... theory: “A butterfly stirring the air today in Peking can transform ... to create the visual illusion of depth (Walt Disney ...

Хочу больше похожих работ...

Generated in 0.0021519660949707