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Scarlet Letter And Revenge Essay, Research Paper

Revenge is the act of retaliating in order to get even with

someone for the wrongs they have done. In the novel ?The Scarlet Letter,?

the author, Nathaniel Hawthorne, uses Roger Chillingworth to reap revenge on

Arthur Dimmesdale for his affair with his wife, Hester Prynne. Chillingworth

becomes so devoted to revenge that is all his life revolves around.

Chillingworth then devotes the rest of his life to taking revenge on Dimmesdale.

As the novel progressed, Chillingworth fits the profile of vengeance destroys

the avenger. When Roger Chillingworth is first introduced to the reader, we see

a kind old man, who just has planted the seeds for revenge. Although he did

speak of getting his revenge, when Hester first met her husband in her jail

cell, she did not see any evil in him. Because Hester would not tell him, who

she had slept with, Chillingworth vowed that he would spend the rest of his life

having his revenge and that he would eventually suck the soul out of the man,

whom she had the affair with. ?There is a sympathy that will make me conscious

of him. I shall see him tremble. I shall feel myself shudder, suddenly and

unawares? (Hawthorne, 101) As the novel develops, Roger Chillingworth has

centered himself on Arthur Dimmesdale, but he cannot prove that he is the

?one.? Chillingworth has become friends with Dimmesdale, because he has a

?strange disease,? that needed to be cured; Chillingworth suspects something

and begins to drill Dimmesdale. ?? The disorder is a strange one?hath all

the operation of this disorder been fairly laid open to me and recounted to

me? (Hawthorne, 156). As Chillingworth continues to drill Dimmesdale, he

strikes a nerve. ?You deal not, I take it, in medicine for the soul! ? With

a frantic gesture, he rushed out of the room? (Hawthorne, 157). As

Chillingworth continued to harp on Dimmesdale, he has become the devil, who has

found out that he is the one who had sinned against him. He,(Dimmesdale), is

?a rare case?I must search this matter to the bottom? (Hawthorne, 158).

When Chillingworth overheard Dimmesdale having a bad dream, he entered his

quarters and ?laid his hand upon his bosom, and thrust aside the vestment,

that, ? had always covered it even from the professional eye? (Hawthorne,

159). What Chillingworth had saw there, no one knows, but we know that he saw

Dimmesdale?s sin on his chest. ?? With a wild look of wonder, joy, and

horror ? (with) the extravagant gestures with which he threw up his arms

towards the ceiling, and stamped his foot upon the floor? (Hawthorne, 159).

When Chillingworth becomes the Devil, he is doing many strange things.

Chillingworth is keeping himself secluded, and is seen lurking around town in a

creepy manner. Roger secluded himself from everyday life to keep his plot for

revenge focused. His plot is working too, Dimmesdale?s ?? soul shivers ?

at the sight of the man? (Hawthorne, 240). Chillingworth is also spending a

great deal of time in the ?forest trees ? searching for roots and twigs, for

his strange medicines? (Hawthorne, 145). The townspeople even see that Roger

Chillingworth is pure evil. When the town first meets Chillingworth, they think

he is a kind old doctor that would not harm a soul. ? At first, his expression

had been meditative, scholar like? (Hawthorne, 149). While Chillingworth was

acting out his revenge plan, the public view of him changed. ?Now there was

something ugly and evil in his face, which they had not previously noticed, and

which still grew the more obvious to sight, the oftener they looked upon him.

According to vulgar idea, the fire in his laboratory had been brought from the

lower regions, and was fed with internal fuel; and so, as might be expected, his

visage was getting sooty with the smoke. Hester Prynne, Roger Chillingworth?s

wife, sees that Roger Chillingworth is not the man whom she once knew; he has

now become a fiend. ? ? There came a red glare out of his eyes; as the

man?s soul were on fire, and kept smoldering duskily within his breast?

(Hawthorne, 187). ?And thee, answered Hester Prynne, for the hatred that has

transformed a wise and just man to a fiend! Wilt thou yet purge it out of thee,

and once more be human? (Hawthorne, 191). In addition, Chillingworth said in

reply, ?? I (am) fiend like, who have snatched a fiend?s office from his

hands. It is our fate. Let the black flower blossom as it may! Now go thy ways,

and deal as thou wilt with yonder man? (Hawthorne, 192). Chillingworth?s

plan for revenge is based on Dimmesdale not confessing to his crime. When

Dimmesdale confessed to the crowd on Election Day, Chillingworth pleaded with

him not to tell. ?Old Roger Chillingworth knelt down beside him, with a blank,

dull countenance, out of which life seemed to have departed. Thou hast escaped

me?thou hast escaped me! He repeated more than once.? (Hawthorne, 268). Once

Dimmesdale had confessed and died, Chillingworth had nothing to live for. ?At

old Roger Chillingworth?s decrease (which took place within the year).?

(Hawthorne, 272). Revenge destroys the avenger, fits the life of Roger

Chillingworth. He devoted his entire life to revenge, and what happiness did he

have to show for it? Had Chillingworth not been so jealous, he maybe might have

had a better life to live.


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