Поиск

Полнотекстовый поиск:
Где искать:
везде
только в названии
только в тексте
Выводить:
описание
слова в тексте
только заголовок

Рекомендуем ознакомиться

Остальные работы->Реферат
Charles the Great invaded Spain in the year 778. He had been invited in by the governor of the strategic city of Zaragoza, who had promised to turn th...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
Fiber optics is a branch of optics concerning the transmission of light by means of optical fibers, which are thin strands of glass or other optically...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
Pygmies, the people of the Ituri Forest, have some very uniquecustoms and beliefs. They have a culture that is all their ownand may seem somewhat myst...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
It will cost about $1 trillion to set it up. Regular ground-based missile defenses are almost 10 times cheaper. The nation should protect its citizens...полностью>>

Главная > Реферат >Остальные работы

Сохрани ссылку в одной из сетей:

Lymphoma

Controlling Purpose: In this paper you will be informed about the cause, symptoms, and treatment of lymphoma. You will also learn about the lymphatic system and how this cancer affects it.

I. Lymphatic system

A. Function of the system

B. Parts of the system.

C. How cancer affects the system

II. Types of lymphoma

A. Hodgkin’s lymphoma

B. Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma

III. Cause of lymphoma

A. HIV

B. Organ transplant

IV. Treatment

A. Radiation

B. Chemotherapy

C. Bone marrow transplant

Lymphoma

Lymphoma is cancer of the lymphatic system. “Any group of cancers in which the cells of lymphoid tissues multiply unchecked.” Clayman, 657. This is the system which manufactures and circulates lymph throughout the body. The purpose of the lymphatic system is to help the body fight infection. Lymph is a colorless fluid that contains white blood cells. This system also consists of the spleen, nodes and tonsils. The nodes are small organs found in the neck , under the arms, in the groin and abdomen. The nodes store infection fighting cells.

Normally, cells grow, divide, and replace themselves in and orderly way. When lymphoma occurs, cells in the lymphatic system grow out of control. When this happens too much tissue is formed and a tumor is developed. The tumor is usually in the nodes found in the neck, this is one of the symptoms of lymphoma. Since lymph is circulated throughout the body, it spreads easily. “Cancerous lymphocytes can be confined to a single lymph node or can be spread throughout the body to almost any organ.” Berkow, 770.

There are two basic types of lymphomas, Hodgkin’s and non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas. There is little difference between the two types of cancers. The main difference is the ages it affects. Hodgkin’s usually occurs in younger people while Non-Hodgkin’s usually occurs in older people.

Some forms of lymphoma are curable, but other forms are not. Hodgkin’s lymphoma is more curable than non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Sometimes the cancer will go into remission for a few years then come back. The cure rate of some lymphomas is high, but the cure rate of others is low.

For the most part the cause of lymphoma is unknown. In some cases an organ transplant may cause lymphoma because is suppresses the immune system. It is also thought that HIV may allow other viruses to cause lymphoma. “In most cases of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, the cause is unknown. Occasionally, the disease is associated with the suppression of the immune system.” Clayman, 657.

There are only a few types of treatment for lymphomas. The two main types of treatment are radiation and chemotherapy. An anticancer drug is also used to help fight the cancer. When the cancer is very serious a bone marrow transplant is sometimes used. Most patients who are treated survive five years longer than people who are affected by the cancer and are not treated.

To diagnose lymphoma a portion of the lymph node is removed and examined for cancerous cells. More tests are run on the tissue to determine what type of lymphoma, grade, and stage the cancer is in. After this the doctor will decide which type of treatment will be best for the patient. “The extent of the disease is assessed by a process called staging. Berkow, 773.

Lymphoma can be classified into four basic stages. In the first stage there is only one cancer site. In the second stage there are two cancer sites, both are above or below the waist. In the third stage, there are cancer sites both above and below the waist. The bone marrow is not affected. In the fourth and worst stage, The cancer has spread outside of the lymphatic system. The bone marrow has also been infected.

Bibliography

Berkow, Robert, ed. The Merk Manual. Whitehouse Station, N.J.: Merk and Co., Inc., 1997.

Clayman, Charles, B., ed. Home Medical Encyclopedia. New York: Reader’s Digest Association.

What is Lymphoma. Macintosh. Http://www.lymphoma.org


Загрузить файл

Похожие страницы:

  1. Buddhaism Essay Research Paper

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Buddhaism Essay, Research Paper “Whether we like it or ... her pregnancy, Maya left for Lumbini where she went to visit ... own particular significance but usually each part relates to other ... holy and sacred places include, Lumbini, Nepal, the birthplace of Buddha ...
  2. Trinity Essay Research Paper

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Trinity Essay, Research Paper “Black Gods of the ... have done little in-depth research to trace the NOI’s ... first a loose confederation of the lumpen proletariat, Allah’s followers numbered ... pages of Muhammad Speaks, the paper that, ironically, Malcolm himself ...
  3. Lymphomas Lymphatic Cancers Essay Research Paper Lymphomas

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    ... [Lymphatic Cancers] Essay, Research Paper Lymphomas are cancers ... . Human T-Cell lymphoma and Burkitt?s lymphoma seem to be ... treatment for a patient?s lymphoma is determined by the severity ... Health, 1993 ed. ?Lymphoma.? Marshall Cavendish Encyclopedia of ...
  4. Untitled Essay Research Paper NonHodgkins Lymphoma

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Untitled Essay, Research Paper Non-Hodgkin?s Lymphoma Non-Hodgkin?s lymphoma is a disease in which cancer ... . Some signs of non-Hodgkin?s lymphoma are: 1) painless swelling in the ... ?s lymphomas? -Hodgkin?s and Non-Hodgkin?s lymphoma are the same except they ...
  5. Black Panter Party Essay Research Paper Title

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Black Panter Party Essay, Research Paper Title : A Brief History ... to the police. 4. Lumpen Tendencies: It can be ... students, youths, and lumpen-proletariat. The lumpen tendencies within some members ... played-up the most. Lumpen tendencies are associated with ...

Хочу больше похожих работ...

Generated in 0.0073778629302979