Полнотекстовый поиск:
Где искать:
только в названии
только в тексте
слова в тексте
только заголовок

Рекомендуем ознакомиться

Остальные работы->Реферат
I listen closer, and the chirps start to sound like a childs voice. The child is singing a song, a beautiful song of joy, and good times. This moment ...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
Governments began to introduce bans and constraints on cloning, as they felt cloning was not correct and because they represented the people of its co...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
One of America’s biggest problems today is the overcrowding of prisons. This began when the population of inmates started to soar in the 1980’s. With ...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
Should we clone humans? Cloning humans has become a possibility that seems easier in today’s society than it was twenty years ago. It is a method that...полностью>>

Главная > Реферат >Остальные работы

Сохрани ссылку в одной из сетей:

Memory Essay, Research Paper

Memory is the process of storing and retrieving information in the brain. Memory is viewed as a three-step process, which include sensory memory, short-term memory, and long-term memory. Along with memory there is also forgetting. There are two types of forgetting, availability and accessibility.

Sensory memory is memory that continues the sensation of a stimulus after that stimulus ends. The two major types of sensory memory are iconic and echoic. Iconic memory occurs when a visual stimulus produces a brief memory trace. This is called an icon. Echoic memory is the brief registration of sounds or echos in memory. A major factor that influences what will be remembered is attention. Close attention enhances memory by focusing on a limited range of stimuli. The capacity for sensory memory is very small. The duration for icons lasts about a half of a second. Echoes lasts for around four seconds.

Short-term memory holds information for fairly short intervals. It?s duration ranges from 15 to no more than 30 seconds. The capacity of short-term memory is very limited due to the studies of memory span. The 3 basic processes studied with memory are encoding, storage and retrieval. They all have an impact on short-term memory. Encoding is acoustic, where remembering has to do with acquiring the information in the beginning. It also can be visual. The next aspect is storage. In order to increase one?s storage ability one must be familiar with chunking. Chunking allows a person to remember more information. By repeating an item over and over again one?s memory can be increased by a method called rehearsal. The third process is retrieval. With retrieval one can scan memory in order to retrieve items.

Long-term memory is another type of memory where materials are stored for a much longer time. They can be stored as long as a lifetime. Long-term storage is more likely to be achieved when smaller amounts of information are used. The main forms of encoding for long-term memory are semantic, and sometimes visual. There are two basic types of memory, declarative and procedural. These are two types of memory devoted to facts and skills. Retrieval for long-term memory is dependent on priming by cues. There are also many mnemonic devices that are used to retrieve information from memory.

Two theories of forgetting are availability and accessibility. Availability is information loss. The four theories of this type are trace-decay, disuse, interference, and encoding failure. Trace-decay theory is when there is no trace of memory due to lack of rehearsal. Disuse theory suggests that repeated retrieval of similar information lead to forgetting. Interference theory suggest that what is already in memory competes with newly learned information. Encoding failure occurs when there is not enough encoding. Accessibility suggests that information is not totally forgotten from-long term memory but may be hard to retrieve. The two major accessibility theories are retrieval failure and motivational. Retrieval theory is where the material cannot be retrieved due to the lack of cues. Motivational theory is where selective forgetting happens in order to reduce anxiety.

For the future, I can now use all of these techniques and strategies to help increase my memory. Making sure I pay close attention to all the lectures and spend more time reviewing my notes will help enhance my study abilities for the first exam. I will attempt to read over and over again the assigned readings. I will try to chunk new information that I receive. With all of these strategies I will hopefully be able to do well.

Загрузить файл

Похожие страницы:

  1. Memory Essay Research Paper MEMORY Memory is

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Memory Essay, Research Paper MEMORY Memory is defined as the faculty by which sense impressions ... understood. The memory is made up of many different sections with each having different ...
  2. Types Of Memory Essay Research Paper Memory

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Types Of Memory Essay, Research Paper Memory is one of the most puzzling parts of the brain. How can ... can be comparred between genders. Memory is the process of storing and retrieving ... each other, give backslaps, hugs and the way we open doors. Since memory is ...
  3. Inheritance Essay Research Paper What is the

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    ... Essay, Research Paper What is the first thought that is brought to mind when the word ?inheritance? is ... meaning to me because of the memories. I can?t even count how many ... ?s fun and creates some of the best memories. A second tradition among our ...
  4. Marijuana Essay Research Paper Marijuana is the

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Marijuana Essay, Research Paper Marijuana is the most widely used drug in the world today. Is marijuana ... Marijuana can cause memory loss in repetitive use of the drug. Marijuana ... -term memory ( Introduction to Psychology P.172 ) During the use of the drug ...
  5. The Holocaust Essay Research Paper What is

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    The Holocaust! Essay, Research Paper What is the first thing that comes to mind when the phrase ... Jews. What is strange about this answer, is the fact that the majority of ... Zuckerman, A. (1991). A voice in the chorus: Memories of a teenager saved by Schindler ...

Хочу больше похожих работ...

Generated in 0.0024359226226807