Поиск

Полнотекстовый поиск:
Где искать:
везде
только в названии
только в тексте
Выводить:
описание
слова в тексте
только заголовок

Рекомендуем ознакомиться

Остальные работы->Реферат
Despite Dylan Thomas often obscure images, he expresses a clear message of religious devotion in many of his poems. He creates images that reflect God...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
Edward Norton stars as a bored office worker named jack. An insomniac who lives by himself in an apartment filled bursting with consumer furniture and...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
The creation of man and the world is a question that has resonated since the conscience of thought and analysis began. We as human beings have the ten...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
Field of Dreams Was Ray Kinsella a triumphant hero who dared to live his dreams, or merely an insane lunatic who blindly followed voices thatcould onl...полностью>>

Главная > Реферат >Остальные работы

Сохрани ссылку в одной из сетей:

Imagine yourself in Dublin in the early 1900’s. Marriage was a very big thing in those days. For some people it was a means of getting a better life and for others it just meant getting out of the house and living on their own. Author James Joyce gave his view of marriage in the stories “The Boarding House”, “A Little Cloud,” and “Counterparts”.

It seems at first that marriage is a necessity. If you weren’t married by a certain age then you weren’t getting married. After the death of her butcher husband, Mrs. Mooney opened a boarding house, where she now lives with her son and her nineteen-year-old daughter Polly. Mrs. Mooney runs a tight ship and keeps a close eye on the young men interacting with Polly. She hopes to marry her daughter to one of them one day. At last Mrs. Mooney notices that Polly seems to be having an affair with a young man named Mr. Doran, who works in a wine-merchant’s office. Mrs. Mooney decides to try to force Mr. Doran to marry Polly. She sends a maid to summon him to speak with her. For his part, Mr. Doran is nervous and uncertain. He is terrified of the publicity that would fall upon him if the affair were made public–he would face disgrace and the loss of his job. And he is fond of Polly, even if she sometimes embarrasses him with her poor speech. He is mortified by the thought of speaking to Mrs. Mooney, so when Polly comes sobbing to his room for comfort, he is hardly able to concentrate on her. He remembers the beginning of their affair, and at last goes down to see Mrs. Mooney. Polly waits in Mr. Doran’s room, thinking about the future. A short time later, Mrs. Mooney calls for Polly, saying, “Mr. Doran wants to speak to you.” Marriage was being forced onto this man. Mr. Doran considered marriage a trap and wanted no part of it but he was very fond of Polly. Mrs. Mooney pulls all the strings: she wants to marry her daughter to a well-off boarder, and is determined to capitalize on Polly’s affair with Mr. Doran to see that plan through. Mr. Doran has no choice but to marry Polly because he knows if anyone finds out of his premarital affair with her then he’d be in a lot of trouble.

Some people have absolutely no desire to get married because they find no enjoyment in being tied down to one person. In “A Little Cloud” a man called Little Chandler thinks of his meeting to come with his charismatic bachelor friend Gallagher, who left Dublin under strained circumstances and went on to become a prominent London newspaperman. Excited, he goes to meet Gallagher at an expensive restaurant, Corless’s, to where he has never been before but about which he has often fantasized. Little Chandler feels out of place amid the opulent surroundings of the bar at Corless’s, but Gallagher soon puts him at ease with his genial manner and stories about the world’s great cities. They discuss some of their old friends, and also discuss Little Chandler’s recent marriage. Little Chandler tries to convince Gallagher to spend the evening at his home, but Gallagher has other plans, and says he is leaving Dublin tomorrow. Abruptly Chandler begins to feel somewhat envious of his friend, and he starts to act petulant, insisting that one day Gallagher will marry soon and change his rakish ways. Gallagher retorts by saying he will marry only for wealth, and that he imagines being tied to one woman would be stale. Little Chandler goes home, and feels vaguely dissatisfied with his wife Annie. She goes out to run an errand, leaving him with their infant son. Little Chandler tries to read poetry while the child was sleeping, but he wakes up and begins to cry. Chandler tries to calm him, but eventually yells at the child making it worse. Annie comes in and angrily takes the baby away from her husband, asking, “What have you done to him?” As she soothes their son, Little Chandler feels a flush of remorse. He’s starting to think about what his friend told him and he is forced to confront the unpleasant reality of his situation.

Sometimes being married is worse than being single in Dublin. In “Counterparts”, a man named Farrington is married and has five children. Unable to obtain an advance on his pay from the cashier, Farrington decides to pawn his watch in order to have money for drinking that night. He takes his six shillings and dives into a raucous evening with his friends but returns home angry and unhappy. He spent all his money and hadn’t even gotten drunk. He goes into his house, and finds that his wife has gone to the chapel, and not left dinner for him. One of his sons, Tom, offers to fix him dinner, but Farrington is furious. He seizes a walking stick, and, ignoring his son’s pleas, begins to beat him. He’s a fall down drunk and finds his life to be miserable. His desire for drunkenness or “thirst” as Farrington innocently thinks of it, can wreck a human life. In fact it can wreck more than one human life since Farrington’s oafish brutality affects his children and his wife terribly. He doesn’t even seem to know his children’s names. His wife bullies him around when he is sober but when he is drunk she is always the one being bullied. His work is miserable, his home life is miserable and even his pleasures are shocking and disgraceful. Unlike the first two stories marriage has no impact on Farrington and his behavior

Author James Joyce gave his view of marriage in the stories “The Boarding House”, “A Little Cloud”, and “Counterparts”. Marriage wasn’t all it was cracked up to be. In “The Boarding House” marriage was a necessity but some good would have come from it whereas in “A Little Cloud” marriage was thought to be stale because a married man cant have fun when he’s tied down. In “Counterparts” marriage was indifferent because no thought was given to how alcoholism can ruin a marriage. In each story marriage was forced, doubtful, or pointless.


Загрузить файл

Похожие страницы:

  1. Dubliners Essay Research Paper Freedom versus Entrapment

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Dubliners Essay, Research Paper Freedom versus Entrapment James Joyce’s Dubliners was written in 1914 ... little reserve. Jimmy, whose imagination was kindling, conceived the lively ... are very strong motif’s throughout Dubliners. Many different characters are ...
  2. Dubliners Essay Research Paper James Joyce s

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Dubliners Essay, Research Paper James Joyce s Dubliners The Encounter is a story based ... many details of the boy s imaginations and perception of the world ...
  3. Dubliners Essay Research Paper Literature is constantly

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Dubliners Essay, Research Paper Literature is constantly showing its ... in everyday situations. In his Dubliners, James Joyce uses the function ... ”, which allows the reader to imagine the priest as almost seductive ...
  4. Dubliners By James Joyce Essay Research Paper

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Dubliners By James Joyce Essay, Research Paper A collection of short stories published in 1907, Dubliners, by ... victims (Levin 159). Although each story from Dubliners is a unique and separate ... the dark of my room I imagined that I saw again the heavy ...
  5. Brave New World And Dubliners Essay Research

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Brave New World And Dubliners Essay, Research Paper Brave New World, ... a misconstrued system of values. Dubliners, written by James Joyce, ... which he lived. Within Dubliners, however, the attitudes toward ... is that without it, imagine how bland things would ...

Хочу больше похожих работ...

Generated in 0.0024049282073975