Полнотекстовый поиск:
Где искать:
только в названии
только в тексте
слова в тексте
только заголовок

Рекомендуем ознакомиться

Остальные работы->Реферат
The film is set up firstly in Ohio (USA) and the last part in Miami (USA). The great star of this film is Cameron Diaz, that acts as Mary, a very pret...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
Additionally, the Knight has led a very busy life as his fighting career has taken him to a great many places....полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
If you are in a mood to watch an action movie, flicks of fast flying fists or serious gunfights may enter your mind. If you are in a mood for a comedy...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
Siddhartha has been searching for fulfillment all his life. Though he was the most scholarly and respected Brahmin, this did not satisfy him. He drank...полностью>>

Главная > Реферат >Остальные работы

Сохрани ссылку в одной из сетей:

Decartes Method Essay, Research Paper

Descartes’ Method of Doubt


Rene Descartes (1596-1650)

Born in La Haye, a small town in Touraine, France.

Educated at the Jesuit college

Wrote Meditations

Descartes is extremely important to Western intellectual history

Contributions in physiology, psychology, optics, and especially mathematics

Introduced analytic geometry

Influential in modern scientific approach (can’t just say it’s true, show it’s true)

The Cartesian Method

Descartes is very concerned with skeptical questions

Though he was not actually a skeptic, he used skepticism as a method of achieving


“I will doubt everything that can possibly be doubted, and if anything is left, then it will be absolutely certain. Then I will consider what it is about this certainty (if there is

one) that places it beyond doubt, and that will provide me with a criterion of truth and knowledge, a yardstick against which I can measure all other purported truths to see if they, too, are beyond doubt.”


In order to doubt everything he could, Descartes used two conjectures

Dream conjecture

Evil demon conjecture

Descartes was just as aware of how bizarre these ideas are as we are….that was his point,

to doubt anything that had even the tiniest possibility to be false

Cogito Ergo Sum

Descartes realized that he could, in fact, doubt “absolutely everything, save one

indubitable truth: I think, therefore I am”

The self that doubts it’s own existence must exist to be able to doubt

Moreover, a self that doubts must not only exist, but must exist rationally (being a thing

that thinks)

The “Absolute”

Once Descartes established that he doubted everything except that which cannot be

doubted (his doubting)—he wanted a yardstick that he could measure all other

things by to see if they are true beyond all doubt.

This yardstick is clarity and distinctness

Those things that are clear and distinct are true.

What is clear and distinct?

Mathematical concepts

There is no perfect circle in nature, but we know what a perfect circle is


Descartes, armed with his clear and distinct test discovers that he has certain knowledge

that God exists

3 Proofs

1) The idea of God must come from a reality that is at least as perfect as the idea

2) -I exist as a thing that has an idea of God

-Everything that exists has a cause that brought it into existence and that

sustains it in existence

-The only thing adequate to cause and sustain me, a thing that has an idea of

God, is God

-Therefore God exists

A thing needs a cause to be sustained

God is invoked by Descartes as the cause of him

3)-My conception of God is the conception of a being that posses all perfections

-Existence is perfection

-Therefore I cannon conceive of God as not existing

-Therefore God exists


Everything Else

Once Descartes was able to prove God exists he felt he could believe what he first doubted

If God is supreme good, he/she is incapable of deceit

If God is incapable of deceit, the reality of the world can be accepted because God would not have us perceive a world that did not, in fact, exist.

Загрузить файл

Похожие страницы:

  1. DECARTES Essay Research Paper Descartes and the

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    DECARTES Essay, Research Paper Descartes and the Existence ... in the circular argument made by Descartes in the Meditations. ... third meditation in which shows Descartes? response to the question, ... formally.? The only problem with Descartes? (unsound in my opinion ...
  2. Rene Decartes Essay Research Paper Descartes is

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Rene Decartes Essay, Research Paper Descartes is famed by is ... independent of anything else. Descartes then considers those reasons ... anything beyond himself and his mode of thought. He does ... of two separate substances. Descartes establishes a sort of isomorphic ...
  3. Rene Decartes Essay Research Paper Rene Descartes

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Rene Decartes Essay, Research Paper Rene Descartes was born on ... entitled Discourse on the method for conducting one s ... made famous the phrase I think therefore I am . However in saying that Descartes ... the secant (4:2-3). The method Descartes used to find the ...
  4. The Role Of Language Essay Research Paper

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    The Role Of Language Essay, Research Paper The Role of Language ... their completeness. Socrates devised a method of argumentation, now called ... with? It was Rene Decartes who saw this lack ... institution lacked in completeness. Descartes insisted that there was a ...
  5. God Existence Essay Research Paper The existence

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    God Existence Essay, Research Paper The existence of God has ... with his Method of Doubt. The Method of Doubt is Descartesmethod of fundamental ... a part of what he is. Decartes goes on to prove the ...

Хочу больше похожих работ...

Generated in 0.003242015838623