Полнотекстовый поиск:
Где искать:
только в названии
только в тексте
слова в тексте
только заголовок

Рекомендуем ознакомиться

Остальные работы->Реферат
“Out of anger, Timothy McVeigh decided he would take his frustration out on others to give the country a wake-up call. Unfortunately, it was a deadly ...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
D., M.S.) from an accredited college of pharmacy –Participate in residency or internship programs to acquire direct, "hands-on" patient care experienc...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
The town of Freiburg later became Pribor and was eventually absorbed into the modern state of Czechoslovakia. Freud’s father Jakob Freud was a Jewi In...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
Italian fascism was founded on March 23, 1919 by Benito Mussolini. The early fascist program, which consisted of mostly war veterans who wore black sh...полностью>>

Главная > Реферат >Остальные работы

Сохрани ссылку в одной из сетей:

Nationalism in Music

Prior to the 1830’s, Russian opera and classical music was largely uninspired and derivative of Western works. While Italian and German music was well-known and enjoyed in Russia, the country had no distinctive classical musical style to call its own. Mikhail Glinka, commonly considered the father of Russian classical music, changed that. Glinka’s compositions were powerful and distinctive, incorporating elements of Russian folk music. Glinka kick-started the development of the Russian Art Music style, which integrated components characteristic of Russian folk music and church hymns into classical music. He went on to become part of the “Russian Five,” a nationalist music group which utilized the Russian folk style, which was in itself influenced by polysylballic Russian speech patterns, heavily in their compositions.

Nationalism Under Romanov Rule

The Romanov dynasty, beginning with the 1613 election of Tsar Michael Romanov and ending with the 1917 revolution during the reign of Tsar Nicholas II, was deeply nationalist in character, with a primary objective of the state throughout the dynasty being for Russia to become one of the most powerful European nations, a difficult task considering that for much of this time Russia was far less advanced as a state than its European neighbors. Eventually, for a brief time, the Romanovs’ various legislation aimed at improving Russia’s economy and military paid off, when the French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte attempted to invade the country and was defeated by the Russian Army, which had seen improvement over years of Romanov legislation preventing social stratification and forcing great sacrifice from the peasant populace. After this accomplishment, Russia was seen at last as one of Europe’s great powers.

The Industrial Revolution Depowers Russia

In the wake of the defeat of Napoleon, Russia was seen by most as the most powerful continental European nation. However, all that changed with the Industrial Revolution. While the Industrial Revolution was beneficial to practically every country it touched, it effectively weakened Russia because it did not reach the nation until long after the economies of other European countries

Rise of the Soviet Union

In 1922, following a civil war in the wake of Tsar Nicholas II’s abdication from the throne and the subsequent murder of himself and his family, the Bolsheviks came to power and established the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, or Soviet Union. Through the use of violenc

The Soviet Union as a Superpower

While the Soviet Union suffered great losses during World War II, strategic post-war arrangements that allowed the country to occupy and receive reparations from former Nazi satellite states gave the USSR even greater power and finally established it as one of the world’s superpowers, a position it would retain until the early 1990s. However, shortly after World War II, the Soviet Union was regarded by its WWII allies less and less as a powerful friend and more as an extremely powerful threat. As the Soviet Union gained more stature and power, it raised what British Prime Minister Winston Churchill referred to as a communist “iron curtain” between Western and Eastern Europe, engaged in a nationalistic arms and space race with the United States, and participated in the long, potentially incredibly destructive Cold War. While life under Communist rule was, of course, difficult and dangerous for most Russians, it was also a time of great national pride for many. Russia had become the largest state in one of the world’s only two superpowers, gained enough power to destroy the world many times over and was treated as such by most of the world, and as the icing on the cake, the first human in space had been a Russian cosmonaut. The government of the Soviet Union was distinctive and dissimilar to those of other European and American nations, which greatly helped to destroy any feelings of inferiority Russians harbored towards the West in favor of national pride and superiority.

Nationalism in an Independent Russia

National pride in Russia has suffered greatly in the 1990s due to the collapse of the Soviet Union and subsequent steps and missteps taken by the new Russian government. Many Russians resented new President Boris Yeltsin’s largely pro-Western foreign policy and disliked that their President was attempting to form alliances with, and was requesting aid from, Western nations that had been their enemies for so long. A particularly harsh slap in the face to the newly independent nation, many felt, was the United States’ attempts to recruit former Soviet Union component states other than Russia into the North American Free Trade Organization (NATO) that was formed specifically to counteract the USSR. Yeltsin and elements of his presidency were criticized constantly, from his poor relationship with Russia’s legislators, to his replacement of the familiar Soviet National Anthem with a patriotic tune by Mikhail Glinka that most found rather uninspiring, to his health problems and fondness for vodka.

Russian Nationalism Today

With the December 31st, 1999 resignation of the widely-criticized President Yeltsin and the subsequent installation of his successor, former KGB agent Vladmir Putin, some theorize that Russian Nationalism is resurfacing in the new millenium.

Загрузить файл

Похожие страницы:

  1. Russian Opera Essay Research Paper Russian OperaThe

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Russian Opera Essay, Research Paper Russian Opera The seeds of a distinctively national art music in Russia ... . Borodin is noted for his use of Russian orientalisms in works ... Fay Bibliography: 1.Abraham, Gerald, Essays on Russian and East European Music (1985 ...
  2. Russian Revolution Essay Research Paper Essay QuestionExamine

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Russian Revolution Essay, Research Paper Essay Question: Examine the ... had placed a great strain on Russian financial resources and had ... notes, which resulted in the devaluation of the paper ... were to encourage outside nations to start revolutions towards ...
  3. On Lesbian Poetry Essay Research Paper Mary

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    On Lesbian Poetry Essay, Research Paper Mary J. Carruthers This essay chiefly considers ... poetry, and the reason for this is obvious ... were published in nationally and internationally distributed ... and her earlier essay "Imagining Women: Notes Towards a Feminist ...
  4. On Proportional Representation Essay Research Paper Electoral

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    On Proportional Representation Essay, Research Paper Electoral systems are the ... the Green parties. The reason for this is that it ... has led to many other nations adopting variations of MMPR ... and in fighting (Lecture notes). Douglas argues that political ...
  5. PostColonialismTrying To Regain Individuality Essay Research Paper

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    ... Colonialism-Trying To Regain Individuality Essay, Research Paper Indeed, the stranger ... situation. As Ikem notes in his speech, ... medium. Wole Soyinka, on the other hand, prefers ... Epstein, Erwin. (1985) “National Consciousness and Education in Mexico ...

Хочу больше похожих работ...

Generated in 0.0018599033355713