Полнотекстовый поиск:
Где искать:
только в названии
только в тексте
слова в тексте
только заголовок

Рекомендуем ознакомиться

Остальные работы->Реферат
During the late 1960’s and early ’70’s posters of the Black Panther Party’s co-founder, Huey P. Newton were plastered on walls of college dorm rooms a...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
There are three different tragedies that transpire throughout this poem. The first tragedy is the burial of the child. The second tragedy is the buria...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
Times are changing. In a world where there really is no safe haven from the violence of the cold and harsh world. As an American citizen one might bel...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
Women continually drive for more freedom and consequently have acquired more freedom. In the last thirty years women have made incredible progress. In...полностью>>

Главная > Реферат >Остальные работы

Сохрани ссылку в одной из сетей:

Controversies Between Church And State Essay, Research Paper

Controversies Between Church and State

During the Middle Ages, church and state leaders had many battles.

Some who were involved were Holy Roman Emperor Heinrich IV and Pope

Gregory VIII; King II and Archbishop Thomas Becket; King Philip IV and

Pope Boniface VIII. Their situations were all related by the fact that they

were all controversies between an emperor or king and the Catholic church.

The Holy Roman Emperor Heinrich (Henry) IV and Pope Gregory

VIII?s struggle was centered on by investiture. Henry invested many bishops

at his own will even though Gregory had banned investiture by laity. Henry

felt his investiture of bishops was necessary to the control of his kingdom, so

he kept on doing it. Gregory responded to this by excommunicating Henry.

Henry later apologized and received the Pope?s forgiveness. Out of

humiliation, he chased Gregory out of Rome and elected a new pope.

King Henry II made his close and dear friend Thomas Becket

Archbishop of Canterbury in hopes that since he and his friend were so

close, Becket would give some power over the Church to Henry. Instead,

Becket refused to do Henry?s bidding and became a fierce champion of the

independence and rights of the church. In 1170, Becket was killed during a

church mass by four of Henry?s knights. Henry surrendered to the Pope, who

threatened him with excommunication. Thomas Becket was later named a

saint and is a symbol of the struggle between church and state.

Pope Boniface VIII believed that the Pope, whomever he may be, was

always in higher power than the reigning king or emperor. Boniface issued a

bull saying kings could not tax clergy, yet King Philip IV kept on taxing the

Church. Boniface issued yet another bull titled the Unam Sanctum which

stated that there were two powers in the universe: earthly (kings, emperors,

etc.) and spiritual (God) and that spiritual is always higher than earthly.

Since he represented God, Boniface said he had more power than Philip, but

Philip just ignored Boniface?s bull yet once more. Before Boniface could

excommunicate Philip, Philip?s soldiers kidnapped Boniface from his palace in

Anagni in 1803. The people of Anagni eventually saved Boniface, but the

Pope was so shocked, he soon died.

As one can see, all these situations are closely tied together. They may have

involved different people, but they all revolved around one thing. A

controversy between church and state.

Загрузить файл

Похожие страницы:

  1. Seperation Of Church And State Essay Research

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    ... Church and State seem to be two words which are entirely inseparable from each ... publicized instances of the separation between Church and State controversy is prayer in public schools ... public schools of each state did not violate their state constitutions. In ...
  2. North And South Essay Research Paper Brad

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    North And South Essay, Research Paper Brad Carolan ... further heightened tensions between the North and South. During the first ... Choctaw, Chickasaw, Creek, and Seminole from the South and northern tribes such ... , set off a huge controversy on both sides of the ...
  3. Separation Of Church And State Right Or

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Separation Of Church And State: Right Or Wrong? Essay, Research Paper Daniel Emerick 11-2- ... alternate view of separation between church and state. Through exploring this controversial issue, this paper ... institutions upon the capacity of each and all of us to ...
  4. Church Of England Essay Research Paper

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    ... relationships of the church and state in the Eastern ... A settlement of the religious controversy came when Elizabeth I succeeded ... with the conflict between Parliament and the Stuart’s ... and done all of this research, I can better understand my church and ...
  5. Religious Freedom EsatablishmentFree Exercise Cl Essay Research

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    ... Freedom (Esatablishment/Free Exercise Cl Essay, Research Paper Freedom of Religion under ... the questions: how much separation between church and state is necessary? What is appropriate ... religion. This clause is extremely controversial and it should be. Can any ...

Хочу больше похожих работ...

Generated in 0.0023429393768311