Поиск

Полнотекстовый поиск:
Где искать:
везде
только в названии
только в тексте
Выводить:
описание
слова в тексте
только заголовок

Рекомендуем ознакомиться

Остальные работы->Реферат
People have many different ways of dealing with one of the most feared and respected portion of the human life cycle, death. Death is unavoidable, and...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
As America began developing over time choices were made for the production of currency this clearly lead to the creation of banks. Banks were set of b...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
After men started received less pay and were denied the rights to vote for their rights. For more than 3 days the men set fires, looted and emphasized...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
CITES is the singles most important treaty protecting species at an international level. CITES stands for Convention on International Trade in Endange...полностью>>

Главная > Реферат >Остальные работы

Сохрани ссылку в одной из сетей:

In the last part of the novel Gulliver s Travels, by Jonathan Swift, a dichotomy is established which crtiticizes two extreme ideas of man. The Houynhnms, a race of horses, are meant to symbolize man as a supremely rational being and the Yahoos, a primitive, vulgar version of humans, are made to symbolize man as an animal. The narrator Gulliver is a sort of reference point between the two, since in physical appearance he seems to be a Yahoo, but his ability to reason enables him to relate well to the Houynhnms. Readers have interrpreted the rational horses in a number of different ways. Some feel that the Houynhnms are the ideal to which humans should strive to attain. Others feel that the Houynhnms are as evil as the Yahoos. It is my opinion that Swift uses the Houynhnms and the Yahoos to illustrate both ends of the unattainable spectrum of reason, and why both are completely undesireable ways of life.

It is implausable to think that the Houyhnhmns are the ideal way for man to be. They have no writing system, as well as no passions, no love for family or friends, no real opinions and they are governed solely by Reason. Their lack of strong feelings can be understood through their attitude to their offspring; They have no fondness for their Colts or Foles, but the Care they take in educating them proceeds from the dictates of Reason . Indeed, Love plays no part in even the institution of matrimony. Mates are selected based on their coloring, and to produce offspring that will enhance the species as a whole. Even death evokes no emotion among the Houyhnhnms; If they can avoid Casualties, they die only of Old Age, and are buried in the obscurest Places that can be found, their Friends and Relations expressing neither Joy nor Grief at their Departure. Why would the human ideal be existing as emotion-less, passion-less creatures devoid of feeling and driven purely by reason. Although Gulliver so admires them, Swift does not mean us to take this admiration seriously.

When Gulliver first encounters the Houynhnms, he takes an immediate liking to them, saying Upon the whole, the behaviour of these animals was so orderly and rational, so acute and judicious, that I at at last concluded they must needs be Magician. This admiration grows and grows until he quickly comes to believe that these creatures are perfect in every way possible. The fact that these creatures are horses, not humans, symbolizes how Swift believes that no humans can be so perfect. The extent to which Gulliver worships these creatures is further delineated by his self-loathing; When I happened to behold my Reflection of my own form in a lake or a Fountain, I turned away my face in Horror and Detestation of myself. Gulliver even tries to imitate them in a ridiculous attempt to be accepted in their society. Gulliver can be looked upon as a human, trying (in an effort to escape his animal tendencies) to become supremely rational which is a futile effort. Man can never be purely rational because man is an animal. Being face to face with man in his animal form (the Yahoos) further propels Gulliver into his futile effort to be completely reasonable and logical eventually leading to his insanity. Once Gullivar leaves the island, he is disdainful towards the rest of his race who he sees as vulgar Yahoos. His new attitude towards his fellow man is displayed in his treatment of Don Pedro. Don Pedro treats Gulliver with nothing but kindness and affection, and yet Gulliver repays him with disgust. The same happens when he is reunited with his wife and children. He has so adopted the belief system of the Houyhnhnms that he views them as primitive, ugly beast-like creatures and he is filled with contempt for them. In an effort to gain some form of Houyhnhmn companionship, he buys two horses and converses with then for hours upon end each day. Is this the way man will end up should he attempt to become a purlely logical being, such as the Houyhnhnms? This seems to be the point that Swift is trying to make.


Загрузить файл

Похожие страницы:

  1. Gullivers Travels Essay Research Paper Jonathan Swift

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Gullivers Travels Essay, Research Paper Jonathan Swift wrote Gulliver^s Travels in 1762 with the intent of entertaining many ... of the book takes place in the country of Houyhnhnms, in 1711. The main character, Gulliver, is ...
  2. Satire In Gulliver

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Satire In Gulliver’s Travels Essay, Research Paper In 1726, Jonathan Swift published a book ... itself” (Glicksman). In this journey, Gulliver comes to the land of the Houyhnhnms ,which are ...
  3. Gullivers Travels Essay Research Paper Although it

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Gullivers Travels Essay, Research Paper Although it appears simple and straightforward on the surface, ... his satire in the first two books of Gulliver?s Travels to social ... titled ?A Voyage to the Houyhnhnms?, Gulliver becomes trapped in a world where horses ...
  4. Gulivers Travels Essay Research Paper Gulliver

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    ... the land of the Houyhnhnms. In Lilliput people are six inches high, and Gulliver, in comparison ... aim in writing Gulliver’s Travels is to correct the Yahoos. Having been exposed to the Houyhnhnms ...
  5. The Ideals Of Jonathan Swift Essay Research

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    ... criticism of the society in which Swift lived. In each of the worlds Gulliver encountered the problems ... of houyhnhnms. One of the most interesting questions about Gulliver?s Travels is whether the Houyhnhnms represent ...

Хочу больше похожих работ...

Generated in 0.0076408386230469