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The Pyramids

In my report, I will discuss how the pyramids were built, what purpose they served, the three pyramids at Giza, some messages found on the stones that were used to build pyramids, and what a mastabas is.

Pyramids are tombs built for Egypt’s pharaohs. Pyramids are large structures with four sides that are the shape of a triangle, that meet at the top to form a point. The ancient Egyptians used the pyramids as tombs for the pharaohs and temples for their gods. The pyramids have one or two little temples attached to them, which holds their relatives and servants. A few pyramids still stand today, and are great attractions for tourists.

The pyramids were built by taking blocks of granite to the workshop, measuring the blocks down to size, shaping the blocks, and placing the blocks into the body of the pyramid. The core of the structure is now completed. Then, you place the limestone blocks on the top of the structure (they started putting the blocks on top and then worked their way down). They left two empty rooms to place the pharaoh and his belongings in. They sealed the pyramids so well, it took four hundred years for two robbers to figure out how to get in.

The pyramids were built by free citizens, drafted for public work, not by slaves of any sort. The pyramids were built by four thousand expert stone sculptors all year round. An extra work group of about ninety-five thousand men worked on the pyramids during the four month period of the inundation (the time of enforced idleness for farmers, since the field were covered with the Nile water flood ).

The pyramids were built between the year 1600 B.C. and the year 2700. Many scholars believe that the reason why the pyramids were built in a triangular form is because it has a religious meaning to the Egyptians. The slanting side might have reminded the Egyptians of the slanting rays of the sun, that the pharaoh’s soul could climb to the sky and join the gods. In the pyramids they buried the pharaoh’s body. There was a chamber for the body. There was also a chamber for treasures of gold and other priceless items for the pharaoh’s afterlife. Sometimes a boat is placed inside so the pharaoh would have a way to transport himself into his afterlife.

In Pharaoh Cheopses pyramid, therewas his mummy, caskets full of jewels, furniture inlaid with ivory and gold, silver and alabaster bowls and vessels, chests filled with clothing and precious ornaments, and jars filled full of food and wine. You must think that the pyramids must have been large to hold all of that, and as a matter of fact the base of the pyramid covers enough area to hold ten football fields. The three pyramids at Giza stand on the west bank of the Nile River,outside of Cairo. They are the largest and best preserved pyramids. The largest of the three was for Pharaoh Khufu (Cheops). The next to largest was for Pharaoh Khafre. The smallest (yet not small at all) was for Pharaoh Menkaure.

The first known pharaoh to have a pyramid was Pharaoh Zoser,in the year 2650 B.C. Imhotep built it for him. If you ever see something that looks like a pyramid, except it’s smaller than one, and has a flat top, don’t mistake it for a pyramid, it’s a mastabas. In the mastabas the king’s relatives and servants are buried.

Some blocks had marks on them to show where they belonged. Others had messages like ” this side up “, ” vigorous gang”, or even ” how drunk the king is “. In conclusion, the pyramids were built by free, drafted, citizens. Pyramids were used to bury the pharaohs. The messages on the stones were decoded. The three pyramids at the Giza were the largest, and a mastabas is not a pyramid.

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