Поиск

Полнотекстовый поиск:
Где искать:
везде
только в названии
только в тексте
Выводить:
описание
слова в тексте
только заголовок

Рекомендуем ознакомиться

Остальные работы->Реферат
Virgil was a creative genius fromhis time, but it can be understandable that many of his works may have been influenced fromprevious works of literatu...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
I would like to bring to your attention one of my new patients, Arnold Curwing Mr Curwing, 21, lives a quiet life alone withdrawn from his family and ...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
It is undeniable that the conditions of today?s life and age emphasize in instant results Everyone wants a quick answer to their problems Perhaps, thi...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
There is no longer a question of whether or not a bioterrorist will attack, but rather the question remains, when will they attack? It is highly likel...полностью>>

Главная > Реферат >Остальные работы

Сохрани ссылку в одной из сетей:

Shaka Zulu Essay, Research Paper

Shaka was born the son of Senzakhona, the Zulu chief, and the Langeni princess Nandi. Senzakhona had unintentionally impregnated Nandi, but was obligated to take her as his third wife her in spite of the fact that she was from the lowly regarded Langeni clan. Due to this, she and her son were treated as outcasts and were unhappy. When an incident caused Senzakhona to banish Nandi and her children, they had to return to her people. Because an expelled woman was looked upon as being a diminished woman, Nandi and her children were even more unhappy with the Langeni. They were humiliated and Shaka was bullied by the other boys, helping form Shaka s personality and ambition. He became isolated, showing affection only to his mother.

Shaka lived with the Langeni until about the age of fifteen, when he met his father for the first time since his banishment and they quarreled, causing Nandi to send Shaka to live with her aunt for fear for his safety. Nandi s aunt lived with the Mthethwa, a very powerful group. Here he learned many of the skills that later made him a successful warrior.

That was also where he came under the guidance of Dingiswayo, an important factor in the shaping of his thinking.

Dingiswayo introduced age regiments where young men were called up to serve for a part of every year, men from the same households and villages were put in different regiments, their allegiance primarily to the ruler of the chiefdom, Dingiswayo, and secondarily to their local chiefs.

In his early twenties, Shaka was conscripted into the Mthethwa army, as he was a skilled warrior, he ascended the ranks to command his own regiment. This put him in a position to introduce some ideas that he had. The traditional throwing spear, the assegai, was no good for hand-to-hand combat, and left the warrior defenceless after he threw it, so Shaka introduced the short stabbing spear. His warriors used their shields to deflect the initial rain of assegais, then advanced on a nearly defenceless enemy with their stabbing spears.

In a style fitting his reputation for bravery, Shaka demonstrated his stabbing spear in a battle with the Butelezi. Responding to the challenge of a Butelezi warrior, Shaka strolled from his regiment to the Butelezi, less than a hundred metres away. He deflected the first two spears thrown by the warrior, and when he came close to the warrior, Shaka hooked his shield to the warrior s, and pulled them to his left, between himself and the Butelezi warrior s spear. He thrust his stabbing spear into the man, killing him, then jumped over the body and approached the rest of the Butelezi regiment and his regiment followed. Dingiswayo was witness to this, and immediately promoted him.

Tactically, Shaka introduced and refined the cow s horns formation, already in operation in other groups, but not to the same level of organisation. The tactic involved two parts to the regiment, a main chest section, and the horns. The chest engaged the enemy in the normal way while the flanking horns encircled the enemy, leaving them no escape. With these tactics and the use of spies to make a surprise attack possible, Shaka was an extremely successful military leader.

When his father died, Shaka was not the named heir, but becoming the chief of the Zulu was vital to his future plans. The named heir had a timely death, allowing Shaka to take the chieftainship.

One of the first changes he implemented was to conscript all males under the age of forty into regiments where they would learn to use the weapons and tactics that Shaka had developed with the Mthethwa. He also introduced the idea of unlimited warfare , whereby the enemy was not only defeated in battle, but ruling family were eliminated, the women and children were massacred, sending refugees to burden other kingdoms.

In contrast to Dingiswayo s idea of confederacy, Shaka set out create a single chiefdom from the independent kingdoms he conquered.

At its height, the Zulu drove out those who would not join his unified chiefdom, causing the mfecane.


Загрузить файл

Похожие страницы:

  1. Eliot Ness Essay Research Paper Who was

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Eliot Ness Essay, Research Paper Who was Eliot Ness? Nearly anyone ... zeal. The first skirmish Ness had with Capone was an unparalleled success ... . He split his team so that each ... money back at him, such was their dedication to Ness. ...
  2. Federal System Essay Research Paper Federalism was

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Federal System Essay, Research Paper Federalism was selected as the most ... our system. Gone unchecked, such practices could easily become the ... , ought to be our zeal in cherishing the spirit and ... make in this essay was that the Union was a safeguard against ...
  3. Sophocles Oedipus Rex Essay Research Paper

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Sophocles Oedipus Rex Essay, Research Paper Tragedy was performed in Athens at the ... Delphi. His optimism, his zeal to carry out all the ... Thebans and emphasizes his own zeal in the cause. The ... palace with ominous words. Such an exit was a favorite device with ...
  4. The Fall Of Tsarism Essay Research Paper

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    ... Fall Of Tsarism Essay, Research Paper It was clear by this stage ... government and prevent revolutions such as those in ... was reforming to preserve.? He did not have any overwhelming reforming zeal ... autocracy benefited from reforms such as the emancipation of ...
  5. The Zulu Wars Essay Research Paper The

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    ... Zulu Wars Essay, Research Paper The Zulu Wars The people known today as Zulu are ... Warrior-king of the Zulu, Shaka was born in 1787 to ... subclan of the Mtetwa. When Shaka was 23, Dingiswayo, the Mtetwa chieftain ... ascend to power. It was Shaka’s aim to rule all ...

Хочу больше похожих работ...

Generated in 0.001582145690918