Поиск

Полнотекстовый поиск:
Где искать:
везде
только в названии
только в тексте
Выводить:
описание
слова в тексте
только заголовок

Рекомендуем ознакомиться

Остальные работы->Реферат
—- Closest to the sun—- Smallest of the inner planets—- Temperatures reach up to 1,380 F—- Has low gravity, therefore there is no atmosphere—- Orbits ...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
It seemed an appropriate topic because I am presently studying World War in my Social Studies Class. The Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings were always t...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
The Shaolin Temples served a great role in Chinese History. They were not just simple temples for monks to stay in and do religious practices, they we...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
Millions of Americans today are signed up for a program called Welfare. Welfare is a program designed to aid poor and needy families. Every human bein...полностью>>

Главная > Реферат >Остальные работы

Сохрани ссылку в одной из сетей:

China And The Economic Reform Essay, Research Paper

Two years after the death of Mao Zedong in 1976, it became

apparent to many of China’s leaders that economic reform was

necessary. During his tenure as China’s premier, Mao had encouraged

social movements such as the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural

Revolution which had had as their bases ideologies such as serving the people and maintaining the class struggle. By 1978 “Chinese leaders were searching for a solution to serious economic problems produced by Hua Guofeng, the man who had succeeded Mao Zedong as CCP leader after Mao’s death” (Shirk 35). Hua had demonstrated a desire to continue the ideologically based movements of Mao. Unfortunately, these movements had left China in a state where “agriculture was stagnant, industrial production was low, and the people’s living standards had not increased in twenty years” (Nathan 200).

This last area was particularly troubling.

While “the gross output value of industry and agriculture increased by 810 percent and national income grew by 420 percent [between 1952 and 1980] … average individual income increased by only 100 percent” (Ma Hong quoted in Shirk 28). However, attempts at economic reform in China were introduced not only due to some kind of generosity on the part of the Chinese Communist Party to increase the populace’s living standards. It had become clear to members of the CCP that economic reform would fulfill a political purpose as well since the party felt, properly it would seem, that it had suffered a loss of support. As Susan L. Shirk describes the situation in The Political Logic of Economic Reform in China, restoring the CCP’s prestige required improving economic performance and raising living standards. The traumatic experience of the Cultural Revolution had eroded popular trust in the moral and political virtue of the CCP. The party’s leaders decided to shift the base of party legitimacy from virtue to competence, and to do that they had to demonstrate that they could deliver the goods. (23)


Загрузить файл

Похожие страницы:

  1. Imf And The World Bank Essay Research

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Imf And The World Bank Essay, Research Paper Somalia had an ... come back at a catastrophic pace, owing to the breakdown of water and ... could be so great, and the economic gains so slow in coming ... Solutions available The World Bank has to reform its structure to ...
  2. China Essay Research Paper China

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    ... and economic reform. China’s main driving force was competition, and they proved that privatisation and settling the ... and economic reform. China’s main driving force was competition, and they proved that privatisation and settling the ...
  3. The Progressive Movement Essay Research Paper Tom

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    The Progressive Movement Essay, Research Paper Tom Bellini History The Progressive ... and tax reform. For too long businesses had been too influential in the government, and the ... The third economic reform goal was to get the government responsible for the ...
  4. The Third Way Essay Research Paper We

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    The Third Way Essay, Research Paper ?We live in a world of dramatic change and the ... economic growth in a highly competitive world market and the ... to change and insecurity. With this there will come a ... for welfare state reform, but not the sufficient condition ...
  5. The French Revolution Essay Research Paper The

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    The French Revolution Essay, Research Paper The French Revolution French Revolution, cataclysmic political and social upheaval ... of the economic and political dislocations brought on by the triumph of conservatism. The Directory ...

Хочу больше похожих работ...

Generated in 0.0011839866638184