Полнотекстовый поиск:
Где искать:
только в названии
только в тексте
слова в тексте
только заголовок

Рекомендуем ознакомиться

Остальные работы->Реферат
The Continental Congress in Philadelphia Pennsylvania first drafted the Articles of Confederation in 1777. The Articles were then ratified in 1781. As...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
The cultural event that I chose to do was watching the movie Life is Beautiful. It was a very good movie, but it was also very sad. The movie is set d...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
By the late 19th century, Walt Whitman had become positioned at the forefront of the American cultural lexicon. His poetry was at once brash, dissonan...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
The issue of church and state has become more important in the 20th century. There are many reasons for this, because in this century people are becom...полностью>>

Главная > Реферат >Остальные работы

Сохрани ссылку в одной из сетей:

Jazz Dance History Essay, Research Paper

Jazz Dance

“Jazz dance is a form of personal expression created and sustained though improvisation…it has certain defining characteristics, including improvisation, isolation, a centrifugal explosion of energy that radiates outward from the hips, and a propulsive rhythm that gives a swinging quality to the movement.”

-Bob Boross

Jazz is a crossbreed of north American cultures, a music and dance of the slaves of Africa, and old European Jigs and lits, Minstrel shows and presumably, Jazz music. Jazz is part of the genuine folk culture of North America and the only such national tradition. Today any professional dancer male or female can not make it without a Jazz background. The first Jazz dancer to dance to Jazz Music was said to be “Frisco”, who spotted Al Jolson and started mimicking him at the Lambs Cafe in Chicago. Marshall and Jean Stearns, in their book Jazz Dance – The Story of American Vernacular Dance, state that jazz dance is a “blend of African and European traditions in an American environment.” They feel that European movement contributed an elegance, and that African movement gave a rhythmic style. Lynne Fauley Emery also notes the importance of rhythm in African music and dance by using the metaphor of a drumbeat for the heartbeat of Africa. It would seem that, although European movement has given a shape to jazz dance, African rhythmic propulsion is the factor that has given jazz dance its character and appeal. Jazz dance is the embodiment of the American culture in that it blends many different cultures, lifestyles and techniques into one harmonious art form.

To trace the history of jazz dancing in America, it is therefore necessary to begin in Africa. Jean Sabatine, in her book Techniques and Styles of Jazz Dancing, states that ” the story of jazz dance begins with the importing of African culture to America through the American slave trade.” To keep slaves fit on the long journey over to America, slave traders would bring them to the deck and let them dance. The “shuffle” originated from the slaves sliding from side to side due to the restraints of the shackles on their legs. These dances were continued on at Plantations. They were used in religious services and social gatherings. Slap dances and drumbeats were used as a way of communication from one plantation to another. In the 19th century, white people eventually began to mimic the dances created by the slaves in minstrel shows. On the stage, ?minstrel? performers developed tap dancing from a combination of Irish jigging, English clog dancing, and African rhythmic stamping. Tap dance and such social dances as the cakewalk and shuffle became popular vaudeville acts and appeared in Broadway revues and musical comedies as these replaced vaudeville early in the 20th century. In addition, comedy, specialty, and character dances to jazz rhythms became standard stage routines. In the 20?s ?The Charleston? and other social dances began to emerge making jazz dance a mainstream element in the American culture. Jazz dance paralleled the birth and spread of jazz itself and was popularized in ballrooms by the big bands of the ?swing? era (1930s and ’40s). By the 1940s elements of jazz dance had appeared in modern dance and in motion picture choreography. Musicals such as ?42nd Street? created a greater demand for Jazz dancers. At this point there were set standards or technique classes where dancers could formally learn jazz technique. Jack Cole, also know as ?The Father of Jazz?, created jazz technique. He gave the art form structure. Now Jazz dance could be taught in dance studios. Dancer?s such as Fred Astaire and Ginger Rodgers helped to increase the popularity of Jazz dance through musicals. In the 50?s American Bandstand brought popular social dances such as ?the swing? and ?the twist? into the living rooms of America. Jerome Robins, the choreographer of ?West Side Story? and ?Guys and Dolls?, revolutionized jazz dance by showing the art behind the ?fun.? In the 60?s and 70?s disco emerged, bringing forth talented choreographers such as Bob Fosse. Dance competitions were also created at this point in time. Disco dance offs were popularized by movies such as ?Saturday Night Fever.? In the 80?s, the popularity of Jazzercise brought forth the physical aspect of Jazz dance. Music videos brought a new element into Jazz, which is know as Hip-Hop.

In the present day, Jazz dance has branched off into many different areas. This is one of the most appealing aspects of Jazz dance. Its possibilities are endless. Jazz dance has no limits as to what is excepted as the status quo. Jazz dance is continually growing and bringing new elements and styles from different cultures.


Загрузить файл

Похожие страницы:

  1. Dance Education Essay Research Paper Dance EducationOutline

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Dance Education Essay, Research Paper Dance Education Outline Why is dance a necessary and basic part ... intelligence, interdisciplinary perspectives)? History Dance first appeared in the ... makes learning a joyous experience. In using dance in the curriculum ...
  2. Music History Essay Research Paper You re

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Music History Essay, Research Paper You re standing on ... s music was mostly Blues, Jazz, and Classical being mixed and ... controlled the 1980 s. The Dance music evolution continued from the ... . Even styles like Blues, Jazz, and Classical made massive comebacks ...
  3. Jazz Essay Research Paper History of Jazz

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Jazz Essay, Research Paper History of Jazz and Classical Music Upon entering ... Early exponents of this dance music were Jelly Roll ... recording industry. The small dance band ensemble grew into the ... counterpoint were not conducive to dance. It became known as ...
  4. History Of Music Essay Research Paper With

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    History Of Music Essay, Research Paper With the start of the ... it were branching, swing and jazz were becoming very popular. ... out the United States. Jazz was mainly consisted of several ... influence on rock. His radical danced shocked and amazed everyone; ...
  5. History Of Rap Essay Research Paper Rap

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    History Of Rap Essay, Research Paper Rap music as a musical form ... (s) tell a story, the sic jockey provides the rhythm, operating the ... music or medium. ?You could dance to it, rhyme to it ... Underground also pursued playful, heavily jazz- and funk-oriented paths ...

Хочу больше похожих работ...

Generated in 0.0020210742950439