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the Congress of Vienna
This essay is about the effects of the French Revolution on Europe, the
Congress of Vienna, and its goals. It will tell about the role of Nationalism,
Liberalism, and conservatism in this time period. Also it will tell of the
European’s revolutions between 1830 and 1848.
The Congress of Vienna’s main goals were to bring an end to the
Napoleonic wars and restore peace in Europe. There were two opposing political
philosophies that greatly influenced events in the 1800’s. They were Liberalism
and conservatism. Leberalism is a philosophy that supports guarantees for
individual freedom, political change, and social reform. At the time of the
Congress of Vienna, Liberals supported the ideas of the Enlightenment and the
Conservatism is a philosophy that doesn’t want change that would
threaten that way of life. It supports the traditional political and social
order. Conservatives didn’t want nationalism because they thought that it would
overthrow the traditional political order.
The role of Nationalism is that during the Nineteenth century it had
begun the urge to form a nation. Liberalism supported nationalism at that time
because it united people in a common cause. On the other hand, Conservatives
feared nationalism because of its threat to overthrow the traditional political
The goals of the Congress of Vienna were the Balance of Power, which
meant no nation would be too strong or too weak. Another goal was the Return
of Monarchs. Louis XVIII issued a constitution to return. The Congress of
Vienna wanted to redraw borders. The leaders payed little attention to the
people when redrawing Europe. The Prince Metternich system was a system that
made absolute rule return. Four nations agreed to act as the ?Fire department?
of Europe, this was known as the Quad Alliance. The Holy Alliance said that
nations would let God guide their relations.
In conclusion to this essay, there are and were many different types of
people with different beliefs. Because everyone doesn’t have the same beliefs,
people disagree and fight. If everyone had the same thoughts on things, no one
would fight or disagree with each other.
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