Полнотекстовый поиск:
Где искать:
только в названии
только в тексте
слова в тексте
только заголовок

Рекомендуем ознакомиться

Остальные работы->Реферат
When settlers from England came to America, they envisioned a Utopia, where they would have a say in what the government can and cannot do. Before the...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
what i am is a person seeking to belong. what i am is a person...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
First, video games are a waste of time. Teenagers should be doing more important things like spending time with their family. They could also be doing...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
Marriage in Pride and Prejudice is a means of survival in an economy-based environment. It is the playing card by which all single women hope to score...полностью>>

Главная > Реферат >Остальные работы

Сохрани ссылку в одной из сетей:

Cesare Beccaria Essay, Research Paper

Cesare Beccaria is one of the most famous criminal justice theorists of all time. He lived from 1738 to 1794. He was the eldest son of an Aristocratic Family and was educated in a Jesuit school. His fascination with philosophy lead to him a bunch of friends who soon formed a group called the academy of fists. This group focused their attention on reforming the criminal justice system. This group exposed Beccaria to many great philosophers, who encouraged his work. One to his motivators was a philosopher named Pietro who was in favor of the idea protesting against torture to obtain confession for the law and justice system. As well as many other injustices going on such as, the wrongfully used discretionary power of judges, using personal connections to get lighter sentences and capital punishment.

This point of view won the backing of many other great European Emperors and philosophers. By 1770 Beccaria had gained recognition from all over the world and political positions in Italy. Beccaria s work touched on two distinct arguments of position. He described and pushed the point of reforming the criminal justice system. He also realized that very few studies had been done on research and reform in the system. He agreed with two philosophers theories: social contract and utility. In retrospect to social contract Beccaria pointed towards punishment as justified only to defend the social contract of citizens and to make sure that all persons followed this standard. In regards to utility Beccaria stressed that the method of punishment selected should be one that helps the public.

In his efforts to direct the justice system he discovered that some philosophers had two principle theories justifying punishment. Number one on the list was retributive approach, which states that punishment should be equal to the crime. In other words an eye for an eye. This method falls into a revengeful style of punishment. The second theory was Utilitarianism approach, which states that the punishment should increase the happiness in the world. Meaning that the punishment should reform the criminal.

Beccaria takes a utilitarian stance. He truly believes that punishment should deter others from acting in the same manner. This punishment should also take place quickly. The sentencing should be in a speedy manner. This will connect the crime and the punishment in the convict s mind making a clear connection between crime and punishment equaling. Swift punishments will have the greatest impact on deterring others. He also feels that severe punishments are pointless and will loose the initial effect that they intended.

Becarria believes that dueling can be eliminated if laws would protect the person s feelings of insult and lose of honor. Punishment should equal the crime point blank, out of all the crimes treason is the worst, because it breaks down the social contract. Followed by violent acts against person and or their belongings. The most effective way to stop crime is to reward good doings in the community, increase education and make simple laws that every one can understand.

Becarria believes that capital punishment is not the best deterrent. He says that long term imprisonment is the key to deterrence. People value their right of life more than anything else. Capital punishment should be preformed only if it benefits the public and is truly needed depending on the situation. Capital punishment fails to deter determined criminals from committing extreme crimes. Keeping people on lock down is more deterring then taking their life. Perpetual slavery is more affective and deterring than capital punishment.

Beccaria believes that the justice system can be improved. His research had shown that capital punishment is not deterrence. It does more harm to the world than good. Perpetual slavery is the best deterrence the world had in its option. Criminals should be punished by methods that deter not vengeance. If these methods that Becarria has presented are used the rulers of the world will receive long lasting fame as peacemakers.

Загрузить файл

Похожие страницы:

  1. Prison Reform In America Essay Research Paper

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    ... In America Essay, Research Paper Prison “Reform” in America In the essay “Prison “ ... Montesquieu, Voltaire, Thomas Pain and Cesare Beccaria”. These thinkers came to believe ... , Voltaire, Thomas Pain and Cesare Beccaria”. These thinkers came to believe ...
  2. CAPITAL PUNNISHMENT Essay Research Paper At present

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    CAPITAL PUNNISHMENT Essay, Research Paper At present, there are thirty- ... seventeen hundreds by Italian jurist Cesare Beccaria, French philosopher Voltaire, and English ... seventeen hundreds by Italian jurist Cesare Beccaria, French philosopher Voltaire, and ...
  3. Elizabethen Fashain Essay Research Paper Elizabethan Fashion

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Elizabethen Fashain Essay, Research Paper Elizabethan Fashion ... the Americans to Spain (Boucher 131). This gave Elizabethans ... of smell by perfume (Boucher 16). Elizabethan Fashion ... Publications, 1988. 8. Vecellio, Cesare. Vecellios Renaissance Costume Book. ...
  4. Ethics Of Capital Punishment Essay Research Paper

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Ethics Of Capital Punishment Essay, Research Paper Ethical Evaluation Of Capital Punishment ... possible punishments. Italian political theorist Cesare Beccaria argues this point in On ... point of view. According to Beccaria, capital punishment is not necessary ...
  5. Sociology Crime And Deviance Essay Research Paper

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Sociology Crime And Deviance Essay, Research Paper CHARACTERISE BIOLOGICAL, PSYCHOLOGICAL, AND ... too widely from the average” (Becker, 1963, p.4). A deviant person is ... mainstream population. In the 1870’s, Cesare Lombroso, an Italian criminologist, ...

Хочу больше похожих работ...

Generated in 0.0074350833892822