Полнотекстовый поиск:
Где искать:
только в названии
только в тексте
слова в тексте
только заголовок

Рекомендуем ознакомиться

Остальные работы->Реферат
In the famous dialogs of Socrates, The Republic attempts to analyze society rationally and change the state so that individuals could attain the Socra...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
Driving down a deserted road, I arrived at a section which was filled with crows. All I could see was black covering the pavement in front of me. Near...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
My life is Perfect My life is perfect. When you sit back and take all factors into consideration, I theoretically couldn t ask for anything more. I ve...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
John Paye was a star quarterback at Stanford University in the 1980s. In his senior season at Stanford, the football team had a record of eight wins a...полностью>>

Главная > Реферат >Остальные работы

Сохрани ссылку в одной из сетей:

Dorothy Parker Essay, Research Paper



‘Four be the things I am wiser to know:

Idleness, sorrow, a friend, and a foe.

Four be the things I’d been better without:

Love, curiosity, freckles, and doubt.

Three be the things I shall never attain:

Envy, content, and sufficient champagne.

Three be the things I shall have till I die:

Laughter and hope and a sock in the eye.’


Dorothy Parker became popular shortly after the first world war with her light verse and short stories. Although her works may not seem harsh and unwomanly today, they were labeled in this manner at the height of her popularity. Her cynical verses developed into something of a national frenzy, while giving the reader the impression that she recklessly stretched a woman’s equal rights to include sexual relationships. It seemed that infidelity was included among these “rights.” Her admirers culled quotations from her poetry that, while seeming to be among the most clever, were also among the least sincere. These epitomize the apparent lack of emotional range displayed in her verse.

The techniques and topics that many of her verses tackle are as follows: “bitterness, humor, wit, and love” (Adams 519), together with an absolute foreknowledge of their futility. Love, especially, plays a major role as a theme of Parker’s verse. Many poems are relating to love and loneliness or death as results of love. Parker once said of an actress in a review of a play that she “runs the gamut of emotions from A to B.” The same could almost be applied to the author herself (Bloom 2537). Her more bitter verses become brief ballads of animosity. This aspect is quite well demonstrated by the imagined injury of others in “Frustration:”

‘If I had a shiny gun,

I could have a world of fun

Speeding bullets through the brains

Of the folks who give me pains;

Or had I some poison gas,

I could make the moments pass

Bumping off a number of

People whom I do not love.

But I have no lethal weapon-

Thus does Fate our pleasure step on!

So they still are quick and well

Who should be, by rights, in hell.’

The mental anguish of many of the female characters in her work, brought about by love or a cunning illusion thereof, is lucidly illustrated in two of her short stories, “Dusk Before Fireworks” and “A Telephone Call.” In each, the telephone is somehow used as a cruel instrument of torture against the female protagonist. The telephone is used to make Kit feel wounded and envious in “Dusk Before Fireworks:”

‘The very good-looking young man hung up the receiver, and looked at the dial of his wrist-watch He seemed to be calculating. So long for a young woman to reach her home, and throw herself upon her couch, so long for tears, so long for exhaustion, so long for remorse, so long for rising tenderness. Thoughtfully he lifted the receiver from its hook and set it on end upon the little table.’

However, “A Telephone Call” is merely an agonizing soliloquy in which a woman waits for the appeasing call from her lover. The woman’s thoughts periodically reveal her desperation and hostility toward the prospective caller, as well as the telephone itself. The monologue later includes pitiful appeals to anyone or anything that could possibly hear her pleas and share or alleviate her suffering:

‘Maybe that’s what he is doing. Maybe he is coming on here without calling me up. Maybe he’s on his way now. Something might have happened to him. No, nothing could ever happen to him. I can’t picture anything happening to him. I never see him lying still and long and dead. I wish he were dead. That’s a terrible wish. That’s a lovely wish. If he were dead, he would be mine…It would be all beautiful. I wish he were dead. I wish he were dead, dead, dead.’

The “rejected lover dominated by her own grief and sense of unworthiness” is one of two characteristic roles portrayed by the female in Parker’s short stories or verse, the other role being the sardonic wisecracker or wit comparable to Parker herself (Bloom 2538). Parker concentrates much of her creative energy on writing both poetry and prose dealing heavily with the loss and pain brought about by love, or possibly the malformed emotions and desires that may from time to time resemble love.

Parker was hopelessly romantic at heart, though much of her work puts forth the face of a cynic. Parker’s slant toward sentimentality was “always to be reckoned with” (Labrie, 340). Her poetry can change from flowing and fanciful to caustic and stinging, often within two lines of verse. This quality comes out in “Comment”:

‘Oh, life is a glorious cycle of song,

A medley of extemporanea;

And love is a thing that can never go wrong;

And I am Marie of Roumania.’

Much of Parker’s verse and prose concentrates on love. More specifically, it concentrates on disaster, anguish, or bitterness brought about by love. Parker’s own individual conflict with her runaway emotion becomes ironically apparent in her satire of the simpering, sensitive female in her work. Many of her leading characters are the self-consciously honest, rambunctious, alcohol-swilling women that the Roaring Twenties produced in that lost generation. The atmosphere was thoroughly conducive to Parker’s brief prose and poetry. The 1940s took away some of the shine of her light verse and short stories. However, her work now has the opportunity to make a comeback based upon its sharp wit and smart satire.

Загрузить файл

Похожие страницы:

  1. Satire In Dorothy Parker Essay Research Paper

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Satire In Dorothy Parker Essay, Research Paper Dorothy Parker was born in 1893 and ... is described by this quote, “Dorothy Parker was famous for her wit ... in the poem. In conclusion, Dorothy Parker uses different elements in her ...
  2. Additional Poems By Dorothy Parker Essay Research

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Additional Poems By Dorothy Parker Essay, Research Paper Threnody Lilacs blossom just as ... my mark. If I’m in bed each night by ten. I may get ...
  3. Penelope By Dorothy Parker Essay Research Paper

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    ?Penelope? The poem ?Penelope? by Dorothy Parker describes the relationship between Odysseus ... would also be so brave. Dorothy Parker has the reputation for taking ... any opinions. In this poem, Dorothy Parker alludes to the work The ...
  4. Patti Smith Essay Research Paper Patti Smith

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Patti Smith Essay, Research Paper Patti Smith Born in Chicago ... ); Kinney, Arthur F., Dorothy Parker (1978); Meade, Marion, Dorothy Parker (1988); Parker, Dorothy, The Portable Dorothy Parker, rev. ed ...
  5. On Parker And Humor Essay Research Paper

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    On Parker And Humor Essay, Research Paper Suzanne L. Bunkers Dorothy Parker was not only a wit ... Bunkers, "’I Am Outraged Womanhood’: Dorothy Parker as Feminist and Social Critic ... life she did. I call Dorothy Parker’s humor traditional primarily because of ...

Хочу больше похожих работ...

Generated in 0.0020210742950439