Полнотекстовый поиск:
Где искать:
только в названии
только в тексте
слова в тексте
только заголовок

Рекомендуем ознакомиться

Остальные работы->Реферат
Transcendentalism is a newly founded belief and practice that involves man’s interaction with nature, and the idea that man belongs to one universal a...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
Sparta, one of the powerful city-states, retains this name for good reasons. The Spartans faced the problems of overpopulation and land hunger. Their ...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
Albert Camus?s novel, The Stranger, and Samuel Beckett?s play, Waiting for Godot, are both great literary works but has many differences and similarit...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
It is often said that “all roads lead to Rome,” and in fact, they once did. The road system of the Ancient Romans was one of the greatest engineering ...полностью>>

Главная > Реферат >Остальные работы

Сохрани ссылку в одной из сетей:

NBA Lockout Essay, Research Paper

The National Basketball Players Association lockout greatly affected the United

States economy. Greedy team owners and greedy players fighting over large

amounts of money caused the lockout. In March of 1998, team owners felt that

they were paying players too much money, causing clubs to lose money, so they

voted to reopen discussions on the collective bargaining agreement. The players

on the other hand felt that any team financial problems were the owners doing,

not how much money players were being paid. When the two sides could not settle

their differences and the collective bargaining agreement expired, the owners

decided to lockout the players until they reached an equal agreement. Lasting

six months and into the NBA season, the lockout had a huge effect on those

businesses or people associated with the games. First of all, since the games

were not taking place this meant that employees were not able to work in the

stadiums. Those employees who are usually hired to work the concession stands or

sell food, drinks, and souvenirs around the stadium were out of work while the

lockout persisted. Lack of work meant less income for the old stadium employees,

thus lowering the demand for other goods that these people would normally buy.

Lower incomes make people purchase fewer amounts of goods from stores,

restaurants, and other recreational activities. In an article entitled

"Playing With Fire: A NBA Lockout Could Leave Fans Out in the Cold," a

Phoenix Suns fan, Phil Lester, discusses the NBA lockout and how much money he

spends on game nights. Phil says that "he can easily spend between $50-$100

on a night when the Suns are in town, counting dinner before the game, then some

snacks and a couple of adult beverages during it. And that doesn’t include the

money spent on the tickets." Without the NBA, the money usually spent by

fans will go unspent, greatly affecting businesses, workers, and the economy as

a whole. Restaurants near the basketball stadiums lost money because of the NBA

lockout. Basketball fans eat or drink at restaurants and bars before and/or

after games, but these fans were absent from the restaurants and bars because

there were not any games to go watch. In an article entitled "Check,

Please," John Donovan writes that when the Suns are playing at their home

arena in Phoenix, people crowd the city. He says that on game nights an owner of

a bar or restaurant, A.J. Sulka, can expect to serve at least 1000 people when

on non-game nights, Sulka would serve 200 people. The NBA lockout would cause

Sulka, and other restaurants and bars in town, to lose several thousands of

dollars per game night. Fewer people to serve results in restaurant owners and

employees having a lower income. Less food and drinks are demanded, which

decreases owners profit and at the same time, waitresses are not needed to work

as many hours and are not paid as much in tips. Lower incomes affect the economy

as a whole because business owners and workers will spend less money on other

goods and services. Lower incomes lower the demand for other goods and services

and affect the businesses offering those "other" goods and services.

Businesses rely on basketball games to bring them people who will buy goods and

services from them. Although the lockout results in less income for businesses

related to basketball, it does mean that fans who normally go to games and spend

money will not be spending the money or would spend the money elsewhere.

Basketball fans have more money to spend on other goods, services, or

activities. For example, if a basketball fan could not go to a basketball game,

they might decide to go to a movie instead. This would bring more business to

the movie theater that would not exist if the NBA lockout were not taking place.

Also, since basketball fans would not be spending money on a game, they might

decide to spend the money at the grocery store and buy some extra snacks. This

would bring greater amounts of income to the grocery store. The NBA lockout

would then increase the demand for other goods, services, and activities, which

would increase the income of non-related basketball businesses. Owners and

players suffered from a lower income because of the lockout. Owners of teams

have rent contracts with stadium owners that are paid in advance. The owners

rent the stadiums the teams play in and even if there are no players, the rent

is still paid by the owners. Paying the rent and making no profit from the games

causes owners to not make a profit, have a lower income, and decrease demand for

other goods in the market. During the lockout, basketball players were not paid

any money. When the lockout ended it had dragged into the middle of a regular

season so players were forced to play less games than usual. Fewer games played

meant that the players were paid a less money, creating a lower income for them.

The lower income means that players will have less money to satisfy their wants

and needs. Demand for any goods and services that the players would normally buy

with a higher income would decrease and players would spend more money on what

they actually need. The NBA lockout ended when the owners and players

compromised on a new seven-year collective bargaining agreement. Each side made

significant compromises to end the lockout, but the owners walked away with a

much better agreement than the previous one. The new agreement gave owners

control of individual salaries that will be in place for six years, with the

owners having a choice of a seventh year. Players did not benefit like the

owners, but non-superstars will be paid bigger salaries. Although the lockout

ended, the affects on the economy remain. The lockout made fans unhappy with the

players, so many fans are not interested in basketball like they were before the

lockout. Games do not attract as many people so businesses related to basketball

are still affected by the lockout. Stadium employees, team owners, and players

are once again earning their regular incomes, but fewer fans attending the games

will have a long run effect on the income of the NBA, which affects the income

of the stadium employees, team owners, and players. The higher the income of the

NBA, the more money everyone working under them is paid. The baseball strike of

1995 caused baseball fans to lose interest in the sport because fans felt like

players did not care about them. Fans became angry because they felt like

players were too greedy and selfish. The same results happened with the NBA

lockout. Fans did not approve of the fighting between owners and players over

money so they decided not to help support the NBA. Whether sports teams have a

lockout or strike, the ending result greatly affects the sport’s ability to

attract fans and make money, thus affecting the whole economy.

Загрузить файл

Похожие страницы:

  1. The Tobacco Issue Essay Research Paper The

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    The Tobacco Issue: Essay, Research Paper The Tobacco Issue: Where the Responsibility Lies Political-Legal Issues: The ... to kill the national tobacco bill last June and too much ... the U.S. Court System and the Economy. Insight Magazine. Vol. 15, No. 41. 8 Nov ...
  2. The Internet Revolution Essay Research Paper The

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    The Internet Revolution Essay, Research Paper The Internet Revolution Now, with the click ... Companies like Sears, the nations leading seller of appliances ... from the $8.2 billion from last years shopping ... JoAnn. Personal Interview. 2 Nov. 1999. Koenig, David. ...
  3. The Australian Stock Exchange Essay Research Paper

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    The Australian Stock Exchange Essay, Research Paper The Australian Stock Exchange Assignment for ... one positive impact of the diversification. NAB’s two latest acquisitions (country investment ... National Australia Bank$22.404464$99,993.60 Australian Gas Light ...
  4. The EverChanging American Culture Essay Research Paper

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    ... American Culture Essay, Research Paper The Ever-changing American Culture As ... out of ten reported at least one unsatisfactory environmental condition. Close ... . 18 Nov 2001. National Center of Educational Statistics. government. 18 Nov 2001. National Center ...
  5. Steroids Essay Research Paper The PerformanceEnhancing Supplement

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Steroids Essay, Research Paper The Performance-Enhancing Supplement Controversy The use of performance-enhancing supplements ... in certain national and international sports, such as the NFL, NBA, ABA, ... and can include them on the list, those athletes who have ...

Хочу больше похожих работ...

Generated in 0.0020449161529541