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Homosexuality Laws Essay, Research Paper

Clause and Effect: Anti-Homosexual Laws

One would think that this alarming statistic could be greatly improved if people were educated from an early age in the aspects of homosexuality, and taught that even if they do not agree with it, they must at least be tolerant towards it. Why, then, is there such an opposition to the repealing of Section 28 of the Local Government Act, a clause which prohibits the ?promotion of homosexuality?, thereby increasing homophobic prejudice, legitimising the bullying of homosexual and bisexual school pupils, and encouraging hate crimes against gays, lesbians, and bisexuals? This essay will discuss whether or not this law should be repealed and if it protects children or encourages ignorance and prejudice?

Section 28 was invented in 1986 by the Conservative Party. The actual wording of Section 28 is as follows:

A local authority shall not:

(1) intentionally promote homosexuality or publish material with the intention of promoting homosexuality

(2) promote the teaching in any maintained school of the acceptability of homosexuality as apretended family relationship.

Those in favour of Section 28 would argue that educating children in matters of homosexuality is morally wrong. They believe that children are extremely susceptible to what they see and hear around them, and that hearing from teachers about homosexuality would encourage them to try it for themselves. Claims have been made that children could be ?turned? gay in this way. This would certainly be backed up by the unfortunate Jamie Bulger murder, where two young boys admitting to killing two-year-old Jamie after watching a violent film on television. If the media did not make an impression on people?s minds, advertising companies would go out of business. Another argument is that school pupils learn many things from their teachers, that is the reason that they go to school, so could learning about homosexuality not teach them to be gay?

Firstly, the media can not be blamed for individuals eradicating the blame for their own actions. Religious programming on television has not caused a nationwide surge of Christianity. It is true that advertisements on television and in magazines can have a strong influence on the things we do and by, but how many adverts have you seen where a gay man or woman appears on the screen and says in a voice reminiscent of the child-catcher from Chitty Chitty Bang Bang, ?Come on kids, it?s great. Why don?t you try it? You might like it.? This would be the so-called ?promotion? of homosexuality, something completely separate from giving a child a well-balanced education in all areas of modern society?s sexual tendencies. As for banning the promotion of sexuality in schools, I cannot see that there ever has been any, or that there ever would be any reason to ?promote? it. If a child is going to grow up to be an informed individual, they need to be taught all aspects of modern life, including homosexuality as well as heterosexuality. At the moment the government could be accused of the ?promotion of heterosexuality,? which has not been successful in preventing those who are born gay from continuing to be so. One would think that this would work exactly the same way when reversed; Why should receiving information about homosexuality convert someone who is inherently ?straight? into a raving homosexual?

In spite of the introduction of Section 28, there still exists a thriving gay community, which shows that someone will be who they want to be, whether they are having other people?s beliefs shoved down their throat or not. Surely the government should be able to deduce from this that gays and lesbians who have been brought up in a ?straight? society have not altered their ways of life because of pressure, therefore heterosexuals are not likely to want to turn gay simply because they know that this way of life exists.

Over the past few years, bullying and crimes against people who are different in any way has been a huge problem. The government claims to want to solve this problem, yet enforces bigoted rules like Clause 28 upon us. It is a widely known fact that people are afraid of things they are unfamiliar with. Yet it has been proved in the past that hate crimes and bullying can be reduced and/or prevented by educating people about the subject they are afraid of, such as courses available for those with severe arachnophobia. These courses teach people all about spiders and eventually encourage people to actually deal with them by picking them up, safely disposing of them etc. If a similar course could be invented to teach homophobics that there really was nothing to scared of, perhaps Section 28 would never have had to be introduced. This is why it is vital to include homosexuality in sex education at school.

From 1939 to 1945 Adolf Hitler executed millions of Jews because they were ?different? and he could

not learn to tolerate them. Perhaps the existence of Clause 28 is showing us that we have not

progressed at all in our thinking over the past 60 years. Hate is a horrible, destructive thing, whereas

love is looked upon as something sacred and pure. Does it really matter who a person loves? I would

have thought that it was far better for any two people to feel affection for each other than to encourage

bigotry and hate crimes through ignorance and discrimination


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