Полнотекстовый поиск:
Где искать:
только в названии
только в тексте
слова в тексте
только заголовок

Рекомендуем ознакомиться

Остальные работы->Реферат
Samuel Gompers and Terence Powderly have some things in common, as well as different. Samuel Gompers was born in London, England on January 27, 1850. ...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
One of the ways that he does this is by placing Jack in a dark and unpleasant jungle. The jungle that Golding describes is also humid, and makes the r...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
In my research, I found out that censorship goes against our freedom of speech. According to the American Civil Liberties Union, censorship would shut...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
Little do most people know in the US but we are members to over 50 organiztons in this world. And they deal with anything from world health to world t...полностью>>

Главная > Реферат >Остальные работы

Сохрани ссылку в одной из сетей:

Aristotle 2 Essay, Research Paper

The subject of the Poetics is poetry, including epic poetry, tragedy and comedy. Unlike Plato, Aristotle regards poetry as a techne. The practice of poetry is governed by rules; these rules can be formulated and taught. Poetry is rationally comprehensible.

The rules for a genre of poetry can be derived from examination of individual examples of that genre, eg, tragedy. The aim is to see what, eg, tragedies, have in common.

Aristotle agrees with Plato that epic poetry, tragedy and comedy are essentially mimetic. But he decisively rejects Plato’s view that mimesis in art consists in copying from life.

According to Aristotle, mimetic poetry seeks to offer a convincing semblance of life. It seeks to be true to life without copying from it. Moreover, the literary work of art possesses certain formal or structural features which differentiate it from a mere mirror image of life.

The most important of these formal requirements is unity. Taking tragedy as an example, the representation of the action of the play is the plot, and the plot is the ordered arrangement of the incidents. A well-constructed play must have a beginning, middle and an end. The plot must neither begin nor end in a haphazard way. The plot of the play must represent the action of the play as a unified whole. ‘Incidents must be so arranged that if any of them is differently placed or taken away the effect of wholeness will be seriously disrupted.’ (Poetics, ch 8).

It is the historian who makes a copy or record of things that have happened. The poet describes what might happen. The kinds of things that might happen are those which, in the circumstances, are either probable or necessary.

Poetry is concerned with universal truths; history treats of particular facts.

Universal truths in this context refer to the kinds of things that a certain type of person will probably or necessarily do or say in a given situation.

In order to produce the pleasure that is appropriate to tragedy, the plot itself must awaken fear and pity in the audience. In this way tragedy effects a healthy catharsis (purgation) of these emotions. Thus, Aristotle implicitly rejects Plato’s view that the performance of a tragedy has a bad effect on the character of the audience.

Загрузить файл

Похожие страницы:

  1. Aristotle Vs Darwin Essay Research Paper The

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Aristotle Vs. Darwin Essay, Research Paper The need to understand organisms has ... Animals, Aristotle was troubled that there were insufficient observations on the subject, and ... warns that his theory is dependent on facts supporting the ...
  2. Machiavelli Aristotle August Essay Research Paper Niccolo

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Machiavelli, Aristotle, August Essay, Research Paper Niccolo Machiavelli’s The Prince examines the nature of power and ... of race” “Natural ruler and subject, that bother may be preserved ... foresight is a subject, and by nature a slave; hence the master and ...
  3. The Life Of Aristotle Essay Research Paper

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    The Life Of Aristotle Essay, Research Paper The Life of Aristotle When Plato died in 347 bc, Aristotle moved ... virtues are not subject to this doctrine of the mean. Aristotle argued for ...
  4. Tragic Heroes Essay Research Paper The Tragic

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Tragic Heroes Essay, Research Paper The Tragic Hero In literature, there ... their feelings to the subject at hand. Aristotle defines pity as: The kind of ... only listen to Iago on the subject of Cassio, his lieutenant, and ...
  5. Philosophy Soul Essay Research Paper The SoulThe

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    ... Essay, Research Paper The Soul The question of the reality of the soul and its distinction from the ... ” usually denotes this principle as the subject of our conscious states, while ... of the body. Like Aristotle he makes the soul the final cause of the body ...

Хочу больше похожих работ...

Generated in 0.0013580322265625