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Balancing social and personal responsibility The central problem the narrator

encounters throughout his life deals with the balance between social and

personal responsibility. The public and private self of a black man come into

continual conflict. Most often, the personal nature of the man is forced to give

up his morals and or family values in order to present himself in better light

to the white society. Trueblood said, "But what I don’t understand is how I

done the worse thing a man can do in his own family and ’stead of things gittin’

bad, they got better. The nigguhs up at the school don’t like me, but the white

folks treats me fine" (68). Sometimes the split between the two halves is

not even visible to the Invisible Man. Racist stereotypes and other people’s

schemes confound his attempts to know himself. "Here within this quiet

greenness I possessed the only identity I had ever known, and I was losing"

(99). On the other hand, Dr. Bledsoe’s personality is revealed in the open at a

school assembly as he gives a "swift glance carrying a threat for all"

(115). He is subordinate to the white guests out of necessity but exerts his

authority brutally over all of the blacks at the school. He will later say,

"I’ve made my place in it and I’ll have every Negro in the country hanging

on tree limbs by morning if it means staying where I am" (143). At a low

point, the Invisible Man even thinks, "If you made an appointment with one

of them [white persons] you couldn’t bring them any slow c.p. (colored people’s)

time" (163). He feels that he needs to somehow "measure up" to

the white man’s society by working on his own habits. Finally, the separation

between his social progress and his attempt to stay in touch with himself became

so distant, that "I realized that I no longer knew my own name" (239).

2) An attempt at Social progress The dream of social progress for black

Americans offered by the college’s ideology breeds treachery and division. Dr.

Bledsoe betrays the entire community with his surrender to the white nation, and

the entire college turns its back on Trueblood. It also gives an implied

acceptance of second class status for blacks. This hypocrisy betrays the

narrator and the entire Harlem community. Rather than unite various oppressed

groups, it divides them. The college hated Trueblood out of fear that the white

community would also dismiss him as a disgrace to society. "I didn’t

understand in those pre-invisible days that their hate, and mine too, was

charged with fear…. We were trying to lift them up and they, like Trueblood,

did everything it seemed to pull us down" (47). Because blacks were judged

as a whole group and not as individuals, the blacks closer to the white man

began to hat those that were farther away. They were viewed as impediments to

their effort. This dream continues and grows into a desire to move forward, to

move to New York. "New York! That’s not a place, it’s a dream. When I was

your age it was Chicago. Now all the little black boys run away to New York. Out

of the fire and into the melting pot" (152). 3) Black v. White The ideology

of the ‘model black citizen’ is present ever since the Invisible Man’s

grandfather speaks at his deathbed. Even the college that he attends that its

followers shun the heritage of black Southern folk culture. It demands that its

followers try not to be too black. They should break completely with their pasts

and assume new identities. In the first chapter, the Invisible man is submissive

to white charity in this demeaning manner. After the battle royal, he is

presented with a scholarship and told to "take this prize and keep it

well…some day it will be filled with important papers that will help shape the

destiny of your people" (32). This show’s how blacks were thought of as

only products of whites’ deeds. When Mr. Norton asks to speak with Trueblood,

the Invisible Man responds with this question, "Why couldn’t he leave them

alone?" (50). It presents the idea of the "white man’s burden"

and its unwelcome reaction. Bledsoe becomes outraged at the Invisible Man for

not recognizing the struggle of the black man. "He ordered you. Dammit,

white folk are always giving orders, it’s a habit with them. Why didn’t you make

an excuse??You’re black and living in the South – did you forget how to

lie?" (139)

332


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