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Atomicb Essay, Research Paper

The way the world thinks of war changed forever in 1945. On July 16 in Alamogordo, New Mexico, America exploded the world’s first atomic bomb, sending a huge mushroom-shaped cloud high into the sky. The Manhattan Project, which was used to end World War II, was mostly led by German and

German-Jewish scientists, who had escaped from Hitler’s Germany.

In 1939, an American university professor named Albert Einstein wrote a letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt, in which he outlined the possibility of using a

nuclear chain reaction for a bomb. After reading the letter, Roosevelt began the Manhattan Project in 1943. Only a few people knew of the project, which was

headed by J. Robert Oppenheimer, an atomic scientist from Germany.

On August 6th and 9th of 1945, American planes dropped one atomic bomb each on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan. The first bomb destroyed 80 percent

of Hiroshima’s buildings and killed about 80,000 people. The second bomb killed

about 35,000 people. Japan surrendered to America after Nagasaki, but the

people of Japan suffered failing health and horrible deaths for years afterward

due to the effects of atomic radiation.

Einstein later regretted his letter to Roosevelt, but he feared the Nazis would develop an atomic weapon and use it on America. Many scientific and military

people involved with developing the bomb did not want it to be used, feeling it was immoral.

The atomic bomb controversy started on August 6, 1945. The Atomic

bomb was first used in combat as it was dropped on Hiroshima, Japan. The

explosive power of the weapon was finally displayed. Within a few days,

another bomb was dropped on Nagasaki, Japan. The atomic bomb was

one of the most destructive weapons of war used in combat. It ended the

seconed World War. However, the bomb’s used turned out to be a big

controversy. President Harry Truman had many good reasons of dropping

such a deadly bomb, but some people thought we shouldn’t have ended the

war like we did.

President Truman decided to put many years of nuclear warfare research to

use when he choose to use the new weapon. The atomic bomb was built as

a weapon of war, the purpose of it was for a military weapon. America was

at war and congress had allowed spending two billion dollars on the

project. If the United States did not use the weapon, an asset, as well as a

lot money, would have been wasted.

Another reason Truman decided to use the atomic bomb was to end such a

horrific war quickly and without the loss of many american lives. Many

people did die as a result of the atomic bomb, but the amount saved if far

more greater. Truman new if he decided to go on with traditional war with

Japan, the amount of americans dead would be tremendous. President

Truman decided that he would spare the lives of many americans by using

the atomic bomb at cost of some of the enemy’s civilians.

The Japanesse attack on Pearl Harbor brought us into a war which we had

vainly hoped to avoid. We could no longer do nothing but were compelled t

do something to roll back the Japenesse militariasts. Our natural right of self

defense as well as our moral duty to defeat justified Truman’s decision to

wage the war and, ultimately, to drop the atomic bomb. Truman was a man

who understood the moral issues at stake and who had the courage to

strike a decisive blow that quickly brought to an end to the most destructive

war in human history.

President Truman had very good reasons of why to drop the atomic

bomb;though, people had remained controversial to his decision. Some

american people were upset we had opened a new nuclear age. They had

great anxiety and fear of dropping the bomb. Some americans thought, yes,

it may have end the war, but later they thought we would suffer the

consequences. They felt if we dropped the bomb, which we did, it would

cause the collapse of the greatest threat to world peace. In the end though,

Truman fought this and knew fear is a part of the human condition and these

peacful nations that learn to live with the destructive potential of nuclear

power and copalle of great good.

In conclusion, I feel President Truman made a good decision. He was not in

a position to do anything, but allow the dropping bomb to prevent millions

of american soldiers deaths. If all things are considered, Truman made the

right decision. The amount of american lives, Truman saved is

immeasurable. I believe the atomic bomb proved to be an extremely

valuable weapon for the United States as it ended World War two. I also

think though the topic of dropping the atomic bomb will always remain

controversial.

On August 6, 1945 the atomic bomb was dropped on the Japanese

city of Hiroshima. The Enola Gay, piloted by Colonel Tibbetts, was

chosen to make the mission. The mission was recorded as successful by

Capt. William S. Parson at 9:20 A.M. This was an extremely

controversial military strategy in the United States. Was the United

States justified in the dropping of the atomic bomb? Yes, they were

justified for many reasons. The primary reason was, that it would stop

the war. Why is it that this war needed to be stopped so badly? Even

though in some ways it was helping our economy, it was very costly in

both money and lives. Also, the United States soldiers were undergoing

harsh treatment by the unmerciful Japanese. Another reason the war

needed to be stopped was to defend ourselves from another attack on

U.S. soil, which in turn would kill many of our U.S. citizens. This is

why the war needed to be stopped; thus, justifying the use of the

atomic bomb. World War II was the costliest war in history, in terms

of lives lost. No exact figures exist, but approximately between 15

and 20 million military personnel were killed. Of these, 292,000 were

Americans and 6,000 innocent United States citizens were murdered by

our enemies. It has been estimated that if the United States had not

dropped the bomb and had invaded Japan instead, the United States

would have lost about a million soldiers. The Japanese suicidal

fighting strategies greatly effected this number. The Japanese would

rather die than surrender. This is demonstrated by the battle of

Saipan. At this battle over half of the population of Saipan walked

off a cliff instead of surrendering to the United States. This was

often very effective. Many times when a Japanese soldier decided to

blow himself up instead of surrendering he would kill many Americans

with the same blast. Also the kamikaze techniques of the Japanese

fighters killed many soldiers. If this war would have continued we

could have lost thousands more. Also up to this point we spent 300

billion dollars on war efforts. Many materials and other objects were

damaged. Any estimate on how much money was lost in damages would be

futile. This number would have continued to rise if it had not been

for the use of the atomic bomb. The horrendous atrocities that

occurred during World War II were unmerciful as well as unnecessary.

During one invasion of China, the rape of Nanking, the Japanese killed

100,000 Chinese civilians. They were burned, butchered, and raped.

Sometimes the Japanese would tie a big group of them together and use

them for bayonet and sword practice. After the fall of Bataan the

soldiers were forced to go on a death march. During this march many

unheard of things happened to the soldiers. A soldier was often killed

for trying to get a drink of water. If a soldier fell down the

Japanese would either bayonet them or knock them unconscious. Once

they were knocked unconscious, the Japanese then forced another

American soldier to bury the unconscious soldier alive. One soldier

once commented, “The worst time was once when a burial victim with

about six inches of earth over him suddenly regained consciousness and

clawed his way out until he was almost sitting upright. Then I learned

to what length a man will go to hang onto his life. The bayonets began

to prod me in the side and I was forced to bash the soldier over the

head with the shovel and then finish burying him.”(Kappler, Pg. 168)

This harsh treatment to innocent civilians and our soldiers needed to

stop. The atomic bomb was a way to stop it. On December 7, 1941,”

A day that will live in infamy,” Pearl Harbor was deliberately

attacked by the Japanese. Reports indicate that 2400 people were

killed and 1300 were wounded. The reason Japan bombed Pearl Harbor

was

because that was where all of our Navy ships were positioned. They

were hoping to take out the Navy and were almost successful. The

aircraft carriers were expected to be in the harbor, but luckily were

not. Although the attack may have been a military success in the minds

of the Japanese it became a huge mistake in the final analysis. One

reason it was a mistake was it caused the U.S. to enter the war. We

were the ultimate cause to Japan losing the war. Secondly it made the

Americans angry and determined to destroy the Japanese. Many

congressmen volunteered for active duty, asking for a one day respite

to cast their vote for war. Also recruiting offices were flooded with

young patriots who wanted to help there country out. This attack was

just an example of what could have happened if the war had continued.

If the war had continued another attack on U.S. soil could have taken

place. This could have turned the 6,000 dead American civilians into

9,000 dead civilians. That number could have kept rising until the war

was over. That is another reason the bomb needed to be dropped to stop

the war.

The war was a horrible thing. It killed millions and destroyed

the lives of millions more. It lasted six years and could have lasted

longer; with death and destruction increasing every year. Ending such

a horrible thing should be reason enough to drop the atomic bomb. The

cruelty of the Japanese at such places as Bataan and Nanking was

horrible and needed to be stopped. Although the atomic bomb caused

much death devastation it indirectly saved lives. America made their

power known by frightening other European powers. This bombing has

serviced to prohibit future attacks on American soil. The atomic bomb

was the best solution. The atomic bomb may have killed thousands, but

it saved millions.

On August 6, 1945 the atomic bomb was dropped on the Japanese

city of Hiroshima. The Enola Gay, piloted by Colonel Tibbetts, was

chosen to make the mission. The mission was recorded as successful by

Capt. William S. Parson at 9:20 A.M. This was an extremely

controversial military strategy in the United States. Was the United

States justified in the dropping of the atomic bomb? Yes, they were

justified for many reasons. The primary reason was, that it would stop

the war. Why is it that this war needed to be stopped so badly? Even

though in some ways it was helping our economy, it was very costly in

both money and lives. Also, the United States soldiers were undergoing

harsh treatment by the unmerciful Japanese. Another reason the war

needed to be stopped was to defend ourselves from another attack on

U.S. soil, which in turn would kill many of our U.S. citizens. This is

why the war needed to be stopped; thus, justifying the use of the

atomic bomb. World War II was the costliest war in history, in terms

of lives lost. No exact figures exist, but approximately between 15

and 20 million military personnel were killed. Of these, 292,000 were

Americans and 6,000 innocent United States citizens were murdered by

our enemies. It has been estimated that if the United States had not

dropped the bomb and had invaded Japan instead, the United States

would have lost about a million soldiers. The Japanese suicidal

fighting strategies greatly effected this number. The Japanese would

rather die than surrender. This is demonstrated by the battle of

Saipan. At this battle over half of the population of Saipan walked

off a cliff instead of surrendering to the United States. This was

often very effective. Many times when a Japanese soldier decided to

blow himself up instead of surrendering he would kill many Americans

with the same blast. Also the kamikaze techniques of the Japanese

fighters killed many soldiers. If this war would have continued we

could have lost thousands more. Also up to this point we spent 300

billion dollars on war efforts. Many materials and other objects were

damaged. Any estimate on how much money was lost in damages would be

futile. This number would have continued to rise if it had not been

for the use of the atomic bomb. The horrendous atrocities that

occurred during World War II were unmerciful as well as unnecessary.

During one invasion of China, the rape of Nanking, the Japanese killed

100,000 Chinese civilians. They were burned, butchered, and raped.

Sometimes the Japanese would tie a big group of them together and use

them for bayonet and sword practice. After the fall of Bataan the

soldiers were forced to go on a death march. During this march many

unheard of things happened to the soldiers. A soldier was often killed

for trying to get a drink of water. If a soldier fell down the

Japanese would either bayonet them or knock them unconscious. Once

they were knocked unconscious, the Japanese then forced another

American soldier to bury the unconscious soldier alive. One soldier

once commented, “The worst time was once when a burial victim with

about six inches of earth over him suddenly regained consciousness and

clawed his way out until he was almost sitting upright. Then I learned

to what length a man will go to hang onto his life. The bayonets began

to prod me in the side and I was forced to bash the soldier over the

head with the shovel and then finish burying him.”(Kappler, Pg. 168)

This harsh treatment to innocent civilians and our soldiers needed to

stop. The atomic bomb was a way to stop it. On December 7, 1941,”

A day that will live in infamy,” Pearl Harbor was deliberately

attacked by the Japanese. Reports indicate that 2400 people were

killed and 1300 were wounded. The reason Japan bombed Pearl Harbor

was

because that was where all of our Navy ships were positioned. They

were hoping to take out the Navy and were almost successful. The

aircraft carriers were expected to be in the harbor, but luckily were

not. Although the attack may have been a military success in the minds

of the Japanese it became a huge mistake in the final analysis. One

reason it was a mistake was it caused the U.S. to enter the war. We

were the ultimate cause to Japan losing the war. Secondly it made the

Americans angry and determined to destroy the Japanese. Many

congressmen volunteered for active duty, asking for a one day respite

to cast their vote for war. Also recruiting offices were flooded with

young patriots who wanted to help there country out. This attack was

just an example of what could have happened if the war had continued.

If the war had continued another attack on U.S. soil could have taken

place. This could have turned the 6,000 dead American civilians into

9,000 dead civilians. That number could have kept rising until the war

was over. That is another reason the bomb needed to be dropped to stop

the war.

The war was a horrible thing. It killed millions and destroyed

the lives of millions more. It lasted six years and could have lasted

longer; with death and destruction increasing every year. Ending such

a horrible thing should be reason enough to drop the atomic bomb. The

cruelty of the Japanese at such places as Bataan and Nanking was

horrible and needed to be stopped. Although the atomic bomb caused

much death devastation it indirectly saved lives. America made their

power known by frightening other European powers. This bombing has

serviced to prohibit future attacks on American soil. The atomic bomb

was the best solution. The atomic bomb may have killed thousands, but

it saved millions.



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