Полнотекстовый поиск:
Где искать:
только в названии
только в тексте
слова в тексте
только заголовок

Рекомендуем ознакомиться

Остальные работы->Реферат
Over the years, media violence has increased dramatically in our society and aspects of media like newspapers, TV, films, videos, Internet. Violence, ...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
KING, Martin Luther, Jr. (1929-68). Inspired by the belief that love and peaceful protest could eliminate social injustice, Martin Luther King, Jr., b...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
“[I]f our resolves and prayers are weak and fail / there will be nothing left of their slow and innocent wisdom” (ll 49-50), demonstrates the trees’ a...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
As the play starts Macbeth is very human; he has feelings and friends and he is a war- hero. As time elapses, he begins to change into a ruthless kill...полностью>>

Главная > Реферат >Остальные работы

Сохрани ссылку в одной из сетей:

Homosexuality in America

Despite the United States? progress toward homosexual liberation in

the past few years, anti-gay and lesbian attitudes are still showing their ugly

faces. Violence towards homosexuals is on the rise, conversion groups are

popping up everywhere, conflict over homosexuality innateness is high,

religious and personal discrimination is rampant: all this in

a time when more and more gays and lesbians are ?coming out? and their

coming out at younger ages. It is a time in America when we need to support

the homosexual community.

Jamie Nabozny, now an openly gay man, was a troubled teenager who

attempted suicide three times and had frequently stayed in psychiatric wards.

In high school he was tortured with emotional and physical violence from his

peers. On one occasion in his freshmen year, two boys attacked him in the

bathroom. He fell into the urinal and the boys proceeded to urinate on him.

?I just remember sitting there, waiting for it

to get over with,? recalled Nabozny (Jerome, 1). The school did nothing to

prevent the harassment. Later, in his junior year, he was beaten so severely

that he had to undergo exploratory abdominal surgery. Nabozny decided to

sue the school district. The case was thrown out, but when he appealed to the

federal courts, they decided a school could be sued for not preventing

harassment. The district settled out of court, paying Nabozny $900,000

(Jerome, 5).

Willi Wagner, a gay teenager who came out in ninth grade, was also

harassed. Most of the time the abuse was verbal, and he was always ready

with a comeback. ?They?d call me a faggot and I?d call them a hick,?

Wagner said. However, things did become violent. When Wagner and some

friends were walking down the street, two vehicles stopped beside them and

eight boys jumped out. Five of the boys formed a circle around Wagner,

while the others beat him, leaving him with two black eyes, a broken nose

and many bruises. ?I could feel my nose crack. It wasn?t a good feeling,?

Wagner said of the incident. Two of the boys were put on probation for the

incident; not near enough punishment for the crime (Jerome, 3).

Incidents like these are quite common. In fact, one

study showed that while the overall crime rate decreased four percent,

anti-gay crimes rose seven percent (Peyser, 1). Another study, conducted by

the Massachusetts Department of Education, found that, for homosexuals, the

high school years are filled with abuse, some of it self-inflicted. Gay and

lesbian teenagers are five times more likely to use cocaine

or skip school out of fear for safety than straight kids. Over thirty six percent

of homosexual teens will attempt suicide each year (Jerome, 1).

Conversion groups, usually run by religious denominations, are

becoming more widespread. The goal of these groups is to convert

homosexuals into heterosexuals, and in the meantime save them from the pits

of hell. Conversion groups thrive on the idea that homosexuality is

a choice, something about a person that can be changed. Some programs

include butching up the men and feminizing the women. This is done by

taking the males to sporting events and having make-up or shopping parties

for females,

or by pairing them with heterosexual ?mentors? to show them the way to act.

Others have gays and lesbians imagine members of the same sex as diseased,

or perform ?exorcisms?. These programs say they have about a one-third

success rate, success being when a homosexual is cured, that is when he or

she no longer acts on urges (Schoofs, 2).

Often, however, these therapies end up doing more harm than good, as

they did for Jeffrey Coates. He had been raised to believe that gay men go to

hell. So after his first sexual experience with a man, Coates joined a twenty

week conversion program called Desert Stream. He was recognized for

making excellent progress in his group, even though he admitted that he ?felt

absolutely no different inside?. He continued to try to become heterosexual

until he finally decided suicide was less of a sin than same-sex relationships.

He drank heavily one night and drove home on a narrow road, hoping to drive

into the canyon. Fortunately, he made it home alive (Schoofs, 1). Now

Coates is comfortable with his sexuality and does not regret his conversion

experience merely because it helped him come to terms with himself.

Another man, Brandon Bauer, could not be accepted as gay by his

Mormon peers. He attempted suicide at age seventeen, and soon after, he

was admitted into therapy under a Mormon psychologist. He told Bauer that

he was under ?Satan?s influence?, that Satan was making him believe that he

could not change. Bauer?s parents were instructed to remove all magazines

that might contain male underwear models and to time his showers to prevent

him from masturbating. He was told that God could forgive a murderer, but

He could never forgive a homosexual. ?It haunts me to this day,? he said.

Bauer began to live a double life, one as a heterosexual with kids and a wife,

and another as a homosexual who ?drinks and has sex.? Despite the fact that

he now accepts his sexuality, he admits that conversion therapy has

permanently scarred him (Schoofs, 3).

Many people wonder if these therapies actually work. This issue was

addressed by Ariel Shidlo and Michael Schroeder, two New York

psychologists. In their study, they found that five out of one hundred and fifty

people tested are happy with their conversion, but each of these people still

have homosexual urges (Miller, 2). It may be concluded that homosexuals

are not cured but merely suppressing their feelings. Often, as in the case of

Kelly Kirby, the attendees

end up meeting their future partners at the conversion meetings (Schoofs, 4).

?These ministries actually act as a transition place for many people to come

out and accept their gayness,? says Jeffrey Coates (Schoofs, 5).

The gay ?curing? movement is spreading because of actions like the

Christian Coalition and the Family Research Council?s joint effort in

launching a $200,000 ad campaign. The full-page ads feature photographs of

?ex-gays?, talk about ?the physical and spiritual consequences of sin? and

offer the solution of conversion therapy. This ?kinder, gentler homophobia?

was the brainchild of Janet Folger, who on Nightline, confessed to supporting

laws that criminalize homosexual sex, proving to some the true anti-gay hate

behind the facade of Christian love (Schoofs, 1).

In a study administered by Gallup, only thirteen percent of Americans

considered homosexuality as innate in 1977. By 1996, that number had

climbed to thirty one percent. The study also found that Americans are twice

as likely to accept homosexuality if they believe it was not a choice (Schoofs,

2). So, is it a choice? Scientific evidence says no. ?The evidence we now

have strongly suggests that this is determined. It?s not purely genetic, but

there doesn?t seem to be any choice in the matter. One thing that is clear is

that the brain of homosexuals and heterosexuals appear to be different.

Studies suggest that homosexuals in many cases developed neurologically in a

way that made them more likely to become homosexual,? reported University

of Massachusetts (Amherst) professor of neuroscience Geert J. De Vries

(Jerome, 2). More simply put, ?Ask some straight guy to imagine what it

would be like if he was told, ?You can?t love women and now you?re going to

have to love a guy.? Tell ?em that, and then they get it,? says Dave Lemon, a

man who tried for years to become heterosexual (Schoofs, 2). If it were a

choice, why would someone choose it?

Despite improvements in openness, such as the public ?coming out? of

Ellen Degeneres, many still say homosexuality is wrong. They might point to

anatomy. ?Our bodies are not made for homosexual sex,? says Michael

Johnston, president of the Kerusso Ministry, ?The anus was not to be

penetrated (Schoofs, 3).? What most people don?t seem to realize is that

?many heterosexuals practice anal sex, and that many gay men (not to

mention lesbians) never do.? Joseph Nicolosi, cofounder of NARTH, a

secular psychological organization, said, ?I think the penis was made for a

vagina: I don?t think it was made for another man?s rectum.? When Nicolosi

was ?asked if the penis was made for the hand or the mouth,? other body

parts where the penis is often found, he answered sharply, ?I don?t want to

get into that (Schoofs, 4).?

Some insist it is morally wrong or they point to the Bible, taking the

Scripture literally, and say it is a sin. Many believe marriage and

relationships are to be between a man and a woman. Some Americans are

concerned that the homosexual community will encourage their children to be

gay or lesbian. The Boy Scouts recently fought to ban gay scoutmasters.

Scout spokesman Gregg Sheilds said, ?A homosexual is not

a role model for traditional family values (Peyser, 2).? As for the religious

discrimination, ?The gay and lesbian community is still the community you

can blatantly attack and then hide behind the Bible,? said Rebecca Isaacs,

political director of

the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force (Revival of Hatred, 1).

America is currently in a period of backward thinking,

the one step back after our two steps forward. Tolerance is the only way the

United States can become united at all. We must overcome our differences,

end discrimination and join this fight together. No one deserves to be

mistreated as homosexuals are today. Remember that all men were created

equal- even gay men.


Jerome, Richard. ?Growing up Gay?, People, August 17, 1998, p. 44

Lipsky, David. ?To be Young & Gay?, Rolling Stone, August 6,1998, p. 54

Miller, Mark. ?Going to War Over Gays?, Newsweek, July 27, 1998, p. 27

Peyser, Marc. ?Battling Backlash?, Newsweek, August 17, 1998, p. 50

Schoofs, Mark. ?Straight to Hell?, Village Voice, August 11, 1998, p. 56

?Revival of Hatred?, Progressive, August 1998, p. 10

Загрузить файл

Похожие страницы:

  1. Homosexuality Essay Research Paper Homosexuality is not

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Homosexuality Essay, Research Paper Homosexuality is not only unnatural but it is also not in the best ... people in society still hold many perception prejudices. When individuals observe homosexuality ...
  2. Homosexuality Essay Research Paper Homosexuality is being

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Homosexuality Essay, Research Paper Homosexuality is being hotly debated today in church and society. When the ... , and the persecution of homosexuals are alike in that they all deny ... that women keep silent in church, or put homosexual men to death ...
  3. Aids And Homosexuals Essay Research Paper Homosexual

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Aids And Homosexuals Essay, Research Paper Homosexual Men ... inmate might participate in homosexual activities while in prison but return ... homosexual, black & homosexual, poor & homosexual, rich & homosexual, or virtually anything and homosexual. Therefore, in ...
  4. Homosexuality Essay Research Paper HomosexualityDan CarnevaleHomosexuality a

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Homosexuality Essay, Research Paper Homosexuality Dan Carnevale Homosexuality, a moral issue that is all ... wrong. People may feel that homosexuality, in general is a morally wrong ... is moving forward in eliminating any injustices about homosexuality and to ...
  5. Homosexual Families Essay Research Paper Homosexual FamiliesCounseling

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Homosexual Families Essay, Research Paper Homosexual Families: Counseling the New Generation ... and social conditions, and how research in this area can become less ... of homosexual families, with less potential for bias. Until then, research in this ...
  6. Homosexuality Essay Research Paper In the earliest

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Homosexuality Essay, Research Paper In the earliest years of life, ... -1 ) The term homosexual should be applied with caution. In this paper I will use ... of the research reported on attitudes and stereotypes toward homosexual acts and ...

Хочу больше похожих работ...

Generated in 0.0025620460510254