Главная > Реферат >Исторические личности
4. Alsatians are a breed of ... .
5. Lions and tigers are both types of big ... .
6. Roses and carnations are types of ... .
Key: 1 vehicle; 2 bird; 3 insect; 4 dog; 5 cat; 6 flower.
Complete the definitions below, choosing from the words given below, together with "a" where needed. The first one has been done for you.
a faith a reason
a glass a rubber
a memory a study
1. Memory is the faculty which we use to remember.
2 ... is the process of learning actively.
3 ... is a cause or explanation for something.
4. ... is something we use to erase or remove a mistake.
5. ... is a set of beliefs like a religion.
6. ... is something remembered.
7. ... is a substance used for making tyres and other objects.
8. ... is having confidence in, or believing in, something.
9. ... is a room where people can read and work quietly.
10. ... is the process of working things out rationally.
Key: 1 memory; 2 study; 3 a reason; 4 a rubber; 5 a faith; 6 a memory;
7 rubber; 8 faith; 9 a study; 10 reason.
In the following sentences the underlined nouns can be countable or uncountable depending on the meaning. Decide which meaning is being used in each sentence, and cross out the incorrect noun group. The first one has been done for you.
1. To press clothes you need iron/аn iron.
2. Language/A language is unique to humans.
3. In her youth she was beauty/a beauty.
4. We are looking for people with experience/an experience.
5. He kept his money in tin/a tin.
6. She's been looking for work/a work for ages.
7. You should study law/a law at university.
8. Then everybody called for him to make speech/a speech.
9. Plav/A play is more natural for children than adults.
10. Charitv/A charity begins at home.
Key: 1 an iron; 2 Language; 3 a beauty; 4 experience; 5 a tin; 6 work;
7 law; 8 a speech; 9 Play; 10 Charity.
In the expressions below decide if you can cross out the two middle words and in this way convert an uncountable noun to a countable noun. If you can, write "yes." If you cannot, write "no." The first one has been done for you.
1. a cup of coffee yes
2. a pair of scissors
3. a piece of string
4. a sort of cheese
5. a bit of chalk
6. a piece of cake
7. a piece of news
8. a type of beer
9. an item of information
10. a loaf of bread
11. a lump of sugar
12. a bar of soap
Key: 1 yes; 2 no; 3 yes; 4 yes; 5 no; 6 yes; 7 no; 8 yes; 9 no; 10 yes; 11 yes; 12 yes.
Put one of these counting expressions in front of each of the uncountable nouns below. There may be more than one possibility. The first one has been done for you.
a drop of, a grain of, a lump of, an item of, a pair of, a piece of
1. a drop of water
2. ... sugar
3. ... iron
4. ... scissors
5. ... music
6. ... news
7. ... shorts
8. ... meat
9. ... rice
10. ... research
11. ... information
12. ... sand
Key: 1 a drop of; 2 a lump of; 3 a piece/lump of; 4 a pair of; 5 a piece of; 6 an item/ piece of; 7 a pair of; 8 a piece of; 9 a grain of; 10 a piece/item of; 11 a piece/item of; 12 a grain of.
Say whether these sentences need "a(n)" or not. Use the dictionary to check whether the nouns are uncountable.
1. He gave us all ... advice on what to take with us.
2. I'm sorry. I can't come. I have ... homework to do.
3. She's doing ... investigation of teenage slang in English for her university project.
4. You'll need ... rice if you want to make a Chinese meal.
5. Paula getting divorced? That's ... interesting news!
6. I have to by ... film for the holiday. I think I'll get about five rolls.
7. We saw ... beautiful silk and ... cotton on Thailand.
Key: 1 -; 2 -; 3 an; 4 -; 5 -; 6 -; 7 -; -.
Imagine you are going away for a week's holiday and you pack a suitcase with a number of things. Make a list of what you would pack.
Suggestions: soap, a tube of toothpaste, a box of make-up, some writing paper, film, medicine.
Solve a Word Puzzle. The purpose of the game is to learn spelling and pronunciation of school subjects. You have to make copies of the word puzzle for a group of students. Put them in envelopes and distribute puzzles to each team. The team that will make the puzzle first wins.
Fill in the gaps in the sentences below. Use "some," "any" or "no."
0. I'm really thirsty. I'd like some water, please.
1.1 went to the library today, but I couldn't find ... interesting books. They all looked very boring.
2. A: What would you like to eat? Eggs? Toast? Fruit?
B: Could you give me ... toast, please?
3.1 bought ... coffee this morning, but it's too strong for me.
4. A: Would you like something to read?
B: Yes. Could you give me ... magazines, please?
5. A: I've invited some friends for a party tonight, but I've got ... music.
B: Don't worry. I'll bring ... cassettes this afternoon.
6. Could you go to the shop, please? We haven't got ... milk.
7. A: Can you tell me what's happening at the airport?
B: Yes. I'm sorry, but there are ... flights today.
8. I'm going to the shop. I'm going to buy ... bread.
9. A: Would you like to go to the cinema this evening? B: Yes, but I haven't got ... money.
10. A: I've got bananas, apples and pears. What would you like? B: It doesn't matter. I like ... fruit.
Key: 1 any; 2 some; 3 some; 4 some; 5 no; some; 6 any; 7 no; 8 some; 9 any; 10 any.
The same may be practised with nouns ending in -ics: phonetics, politics, statistics, linguistics, acoustics, physics.
Read the story about the Ancient Egyptians.
Do you know these facts about them? Cross out the wrong words.
have found a lot of interesting
about life in Ancient Egypt.
Most Egyptian children went to school when they were eight. There was sport for the boys only, which wasn't a/much fun for the girls. The teachers were very strict, but the Egyptians liked
I musics/music and most children learned to play an instrument.
Egyptian houses didn't have as 2 much/many furniture as our houses. The furniture 3 was/were usually made of 4 —/a wood, but rich people had furniture decorated with 5 an/— ivory or gold.
Their clothes were made of linen but in winter some people wore 6 a/— wool. Because of the heat, most people wore their 7 hair/hairs short. Rich people sometimes wore wigs.
Women wore 8 —/a beautiful jewellery. Egypt had gold mines, so 9 a lot of/many jewellery was made of 10 —/a gold. All men and women, whether rich or poor, wore make-up and perfume. They got milk and
11 meat/meats from goats, and they ate a lot of 12 fish/fishes. They sweetened their 13 food/foods with honey. They baked their 14 bread/breads in mud-brick ovens. They also ate 15 a lot of/many fruit.
Key: 1 music; 2 much; 3 was; 4 —; 5 —; 6 —; 7 hair; 8 —; 9 a lot of; 10 -; 11 meat; 12 fish; 13 food; 14 bread; 15 a lot of.
Say if the sentences are true or false. Correct the false ones. The Ancient Egyptians had a lot of furniture in their houses. False. They didn 't have much furniture in their houses. They didn't wear their hair long. True.
1. We haven't found much information about life in Ancient Egypt.
2. Not much Egyptian jewellery was made of gold.
3. They didn't eat much fruit.
4. They ate a lot of fish.
5. The men wore make-up and perfume.
6. The children had a lot of fun at school.
Key: 1. False. We've found a lot of interesting information about life in Ancient Egypt.
2. False. A lot of Egyptian jewellery was made of gold.
3. False. They ate a lot of fruit.
6. False. They didn't have much fun at school.
Work with a partner. Ask and answer four questions about the Ancient Egyptians. Ask about their furniture, their clothes, their jewellery, their hair or their food.
You: Did the Ancient Egyptians wear their hair long?
Partner: No, they wore their hair short.
Find the mystery word
Which words are uncountable?
Ring the uncountable words and fit them into the puzzle (across) in order to find the mystery word (down).
suitcase gold furniture
coin fact money
progress luggage story
music news fun
answer chair knowledge
week sandwich song
The mystery word is: ... The mystery word is: information.
Choose the correct word:
Do you know when women first started wearing l.a/—- trousers? The first woman to wear 2 —/a trousers was the French actress Sarah Bernhardt. She shocked everyone when she wore 3 a pair of/a men's trousers in 1876. She was brave enough to wear 4 it/them in public. Trousers for women 5 was/were not acceptable. It was another forty years before women dared to wear their 6 hair/hairs very short. But Anette Kellerman was even braver than Sarah Bernhardt. Men and women used to wear swimsuits that looked like 7 —/a pyjamas, with long sleeves and long legs. In 1909 Annette wore the first swimsuit with short sleeves and she wore 8 a/— shorts ending above the knees. But the police came and 9 it/they arrested her!
Key: 1 —; 2 —; 3 a pair of; 4 them; 5 were; 6 hair; 7 —; 8 —; 9 they.
Jane and Amanda are shopping. Decide if the words in brackets should be singular or plural and cross out the wrong word.
Jane: Is/Are those new sunglasses?
Amanda: Yes. 1 They/It 2 is/are nice, 3 aren't/isn't 4 it/they? Nick gave 5 it/them to me. It's a shame I can't see very well out of 6 it/them. Everything looks funny.
Jane: Look at 7 that/those red trousers.
Amanda: The 8 one/ones beside the T-shirts?
Jane: No. 9 Those/That 10 is/are a pair of yellow pyjamas.
Amanda: Oh. What a lovely blue skirt that is.
Jane: 11 That/Those 12 is/are a pair of pink shorts.
Amanda: 13 They/It would go well with 14 those/that striped tights. And look at 15 that/those jeans! I would love 16 a/some pair of them.
Jane: 17 This/Those 18 is/are the yellow pyjamas again! Amanda, did Nick tell you what kind of sunglasses 19 they/it 20 is/are?
Key: 1 They; 2 are; 3 aren't; 4 they; 5 them; 6 them; 7 those; 8 ones; 9 That; 10 is; 11 That; 12 is; 13 It or They; 14 those; 15 those; 16 a; 17 Those; 18 are; 19 they; 20 are.
Choose the correct word:
Ben: We need 1 some/an information about bus times. If we miss the last bus we'll have to sleep in a field.
Jane: We ought to take 2 some/a warm clothing, just in case. It would be 3 —/a fun to sleep in a field. We could collect 4 a/some wood and make a camp fire.
Nick: Yes, and we could tell each other ghost stories. Let's take 5 some/an extra food. We had better not take too much. Walking uphill is 6 —/a hard work. We can't carry 7 any/an unnecessary luggage.
Jane: I agree. I'm going to take out my carton of 8 a/— orange juice It's too heavy.
Nick: I hope we'll have 9 a/some good weather. Did anyone listen to the weather forecast?
Ben: Yes, I did. There will be 10 a/some fog on the hills at first, but there will be 11 a/some sunshine later.
Tom: Will there be 12 a/any rain?
Ben: No rain, just 13 a/— hurricane on the hills in the evening
Key: 1 some; 2 some; 3 —; 4 some; 5 some; 6 —; 7 any; 8 of; 9 some; 10 some; 11 some; 12 any; 13 a.
Uncountable nouns are used to describe personal qualities and skills Choose from the list and say what qualities these people should have Say. whether they need "some," "a lot" or "a bit" of the quality Use a dictionary for any difficult words.
Jobs: soldier, nurse, teacher, explorer, actor, athlete, writer, surgeon, receptionist, driver, engineer
Qualities: patience, courage, determination, goodwill, charm, stamina, reliability, loyalty, energy, experience, commitment, talent creativity, intelligence, training.
E. g. soldier a lot of courage, determination, stamina, loyalty and a lot of training.
Could I have … ? Practise asking for these everyday items and decide whether you must say "a" or "some":
Key: some vinegar, a duster, a needle, some thread, some sellotape, a teabag, some polish, some butter, an egg, a serviette, a helping, a cup, some water, some fruit.
What things which are always plural can be used to:
1. cut a hedge?
2. weigh something?
3. cut paper?
4. see better if you are near-sighted?
5. get a splinter out of your skin?
6. look at distant objects?
7. get a nail out of a piece of wood?
8. pull out a tooth?
Key: 1 shears; 2 scales; 3 scissors; 4 glasses; spectacles; 5 tweezers; 6 binoculars; 7 pincers; pliers; 8 tongs.
Put in the correct words
I'm long-sighted, I wear glasses to read. a glass/glasses
1. You can't wear… to a Job interview. a jean/jeans
2. There must be two… in the wash. shorts/pairs of shorts
3. I need a… to spread the butter. knife/pair of knives
4. I need… to cut this article out. a scissor/some scissors
5. I found a… in the drawer. tights/pair of tights
6. I'm going to buy… . a pyjama/some pyjamas
Key 1 jeans, 2 pairs of shorts, 3 knife, 4 some scissors, 5 pair of tights, 6 some pyjamas
In each case, one of the examples is wrong. Which?
1. Company is often used for: actors, opera singers, swimmers
2. Cast is often used for people in: a play, a book, a film
3. Crew is often used for the staff of: an ambulance, a plane, a hospital
4. Team is often used for: doctors, scientists, passengers
5. Staff is often used for people working: in a school, on a train, in an office.
Key: 1 swimmers; 2 a book; 3 a hospital; 4 passengers; 5 on a train.
Match the words in the list on the left with their partner on the right
1. a hive of quail
2. a pack of lions
3. a shoal of wolves
- ... . Однако и по отношению к лексике, и особенно по отношению к грамматике речь идет не ... -техническому стилю, чем английскому. В английских научно-технических материалах нередко ... , а также обратиться за помощью (консультацией) к специалисту. Вместе с тем, ...
- ... relations) можно перевести с английского как «связи с общественностью» или ... Консультативно-методическая функция предполагает консультации по организации и налаживанию отношений ... комплексом, видео и фотоаппаратурой; грамматику и стилистику русского языка, ...
- ... обучения иностранного языка: грамматико-переводный, текстуально-переводный ... практи-ческое занятие, коллоквиум, консультация и др.); выбранная преподавателемформа сочетания ... подвести итоги, или, выражаясь по-английски, сделать summary, британские методики ...
- ... . Наиболее употребляемые английские пословицы и поговорки. Грамматика английского языка в пословицах ... Когнитивная семантика: Курс лекций по английской филологии. Тамбов, 2000. ... а в виде устных индивидуальных консультаций, либо с помощью электронной почты ...
- ... индивидуальные беседы с учащимися и консультации; использование интересных и творческих ... , разноплановые. Основные связаны с грамматикой (6 чел.), переводом (2 чел ... петь песни и читать стихи по-английски Г – общаться по-английски Д – разгадывать лексические ...