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New England And The Chesapeake Region Before 1700 Essay, Research Paper
New England and the Chesapeake region before
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Although New England and the Chesapeake region were both settled largely by the
people of English origin, by 1700 the regions had evolved into two distinct societies.
The reasons for this distinct development were mostly based on the type on people
from England who chose to settle in the two areas, and on the manner in which the
areas were settled.
New England was a refuge for religious separatists leaving England, while people who
immigrated to the Chesapeake region had no religious motives. As a result, New England
formed a much more religious society then the Chesapeake region. John Winthrop
states that their goal was to form “a city upon a hill”, which represented a “pure”
community, where Christianity would be pursued in the most correct manner. Both the
Pilgrims and the Puritans were very religious people. In both cases, the local
government was controlled by the same people who controlled the church, and the
bible was the basis for all laws and regulations. From the Article of Agreement,
Springfield, Massachusetts it is clear that religion was the basis for general laws. It
uses the phrase “being by God’s providence engaged together to make a plantation”,
showing that everything was done in God’s name. The Wage and Price Regulations in
Connecticut is an example of common laws being justified by the bible. Also in this
document the word “community ” is emphasized, just as Winthrop emphasizes it saying:
“we must be knit together in this work as one man”. The immigrants to New England
formed very family and religiously oriented communities. Looking at the emigrant lists of
people bound for New England it is easy to observe that most people came in large
families, and large families support the community atmosphere. There were many
children among the emigrants, and those children were taught religion from their early
childhood, and therefore grew up loyal to the church, and easily controllable by the
same. Any deviants from the regime were silenced or persecuted before they could
start any movements that would be a threat to the authority of the church. Even
people like Ann Hutchinson and Roger Williams, who only slightly deviated from the
teaching of the Puritan church were expelled and forced to move to Rode Island. As a
result of this tight religious control the society became very conservative in New
England, and life evolved to be simple and not elaborate as in Virginia. In the
Chesapeake region almost everything was exactly opposite of New England. The
immigrants were not idealists, but materialists, most of whom sought money. As John
Smith mentions in his History of Virginia, many sought gold. As it can be observed from
the ship’s list of emigrants bound for Virginia, the immigrants were mostly young people,
most of them men, and like it is stated in the same list they were all conformists of the
Church of England, and unlike the Puritans, were not discriminated against back in
England. As John Smith points out, many attempted to go back when they found
difficulties instead of opportunities to get rich. Many others died of hunger when the
Corporations that brought the settlers to America abandoned them, and the difficulty of
the situation is described in Document G. The population was very small and the
dangers were huge. The pioneers had to defend themselves against both, the Dutch
and the Indians. As a result, the people who survived the first few years were all young
ambitious and ruthless pioneers. These were not the type of people who would be
The independence of the pioneers of Virginia can be seen in Bacon’s Manifesto. These
people were not afraid to challenge authority and believed that they had the full right
to say in the governing of the colonies. These people believed that if they had survived
the hard times with no or little help from authorities, those authorities had no rights to
impose laws upon them, especially if those laws were seen as unfair.
As a result of these differences two totally different types of people formed in New
England and in the Chesapeake region. New Englanders were faithful followers of the
teachings of their church, and the southerners became independent citizens, with the
ability to organize and the will to fight to get what they wanted.
- ... The colonies in New England and the Chesapeake exemplify the many differences in the culture and lifestyles of the ... with much activity. On the other hand, the Chesapeake region had a ?cash crop? ... set sail, even before they reached the New World, they began ...
- ... from the Chesapeake. (63) The south was a much more favorable region to plant and grow ... long before slavery was to become the staple of the economy in the entire ... led to the diversity in the newly formed colonies of New England and the Chesapeake relied mostly ...
- Reasons for the Differences between the Chesapeake Region and New England Region The colonists that set off for the New World were ... as different as the economies themselves. As mentioned before, the key to success ...
- ... in the Chesapeake Bay region. New England’s women married young, around 20 years of age, and ... had many children before their child bearing days ...
- ... did not, and one entirely dissappeared. Never before had such a ... in England settled in an area of the Chesapeake called ... reminded people as to the reason for colonial settlement. It ... Now many revolutionary committies met illegally to discuss options. The ...