Поиск

Полнотекстовый поиск:
Где искать:
везде
только в названии
только в тексте
Выводить:
описание
слова в тексте
только заголовок

Рекомендуем ознакомиться

Остальные работы->Реферат
In the Early 19th Century Romanticism, man becoming one with him self and nature, was a reaction against the Enlightenment of the 18th century. With s...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
They covered the positions discussed in the presidential debate and introduced new ones as well ? the rights of homosexuals, racial profiling and so o...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
?No one else is free while others are oppressed?, states Martin L. King. It is an essential claim that women are oppressed. What is oppression? Oppres...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
Towards the end of the 16th century, the United States government experienced continuous changes in laws(taxes) and several problems(battling and remo...полностью>>

Главная > Реферат >Остальные работы

Сохрани ссылку в одной из сетей:

On Wednesday, July 19th, I had a chance to observe carefully an infant for about half an hour in my psychology class at Santa Monica College. The infant, Ali Osman is a healthy, playfull boy, appeared to be of Middle Eastern origin. He is 15.5 months old, 32″ tall and weighs about 24 lbs with brown curly hair, dark brown eyes and fairly tanned skin.

1. There were several kinds of toys like blocks, dolls, automobiles… in the room. However, when he just came in, he was immediately drawn to the dolls with intense focus. Eventhough there wasn’t any way to measure his heart rate or brain wave, I could easily tell how interested he was by the way he gazed, touched and played with the dolls. This could be explained by the fact that “the perception of an unfamiliar stimulus usually elicits physiological responses” (Berger, p. 156). Later, this explanation of mine for his behavior was confirmed to be correct by his mother that he had never seen a doll before. Clearly, he was sensing the strange object and trying to perceive it. And exactly as the text said, “eventually, habituation occurs, in which the stimulus becomes so familiar and uninteresting that these responses slow down.” (Berger, p. 156), he got tired of the dolls and began to pay attention to other toys and people around.

2. According to table 5.2, the Age Norms for Motor Skills in Berger, p. 153, for his age of 15.5 months, 90% of all babies master the skill of walking. Beside being able to walk, just like the majority of infants at his age (from 1-2 years old), Ali is quite a toddler, “for the characteristic way they move their bodies, toddling from side to side.” (Berger, p. 151). Still toddling but Ali obviously belongs to the upper half of the population in mastering his gross motorskill since he is also able to walk backward, a skill that only 50% of infant could master at his age according to again table 5.2.

3. Ali is quite a friendly kid, he is not afraid to be with strangers proving by the fact that he could interact very comfortably with me, my classmates, and other babies. However, when there was some unfamiliar things happened, he always looked for and ran to his mother as described in proximity-seeking behaviors (like when the new baby twins came in or when someone made a scary face to him) (Berger, p. 226). He is a representative of secure attachment by showing that he had no problem with being away from his mother and exploring on his own (Berger, p. 228). Besides, he also reacted to the Strange Situation the way we expected from a secured child as stated in Berger on page 228 and table 7.1, p. 230.

4. After playing for awhile, he came up to me with a book and showed me the content, then he gurgled something, clearly wanting me to read it to him. His intention was well understood. Without sufficient vocabulary, using only hollowphrases, he still has no communication problem, afterall, communication is about understanding not vocabulary anyway (Berger, p. 198). He showed clear signs of understanding his mother’s commands such as “up, down, kiss, bye…” by following them. His spoken language has been developed normally according to table 6.2 in Berger, p. 194. One interesting thing was that when he was sitting in the chair and reading the book, he did not make any recognizable word but “bla..bla..bla…”, however, the way I see it, that was not babbling, he was probably pretending to read but he could not find any word that matched with the content of the book so he ended up with that one-size-fits-all babble.

5. At the age of 15.5 months, Ali is falling into Piaget’s stage five, the stage for experimentation and exploration (Berger, pp. 192-193). “Piaget referred to the stage-five toddler as the little scientist who “experiments in order to see.”" (Berger, p. 193). Ali is a very active, playful and curious boy. Just look at the way he studied the dolls at the beginning and how he played and discovered how to roll some round thing (I don’t know what it was) later, you will see. And fitting the blocks into their right holes also shows that Ali is in fact a little scientist with his “trial and error” experimentation.

6. Ali is passed the age to be awe by peek-a-boo because he has achieved Object Permanence, “the realization that objects still exist even when they cannot be seen, touched or heard” (Berger, p. 181), as early as 4.5 months old. As stated in Berger on page 182, to find a hidden object requires at least two abilities: “setting a goal and knowing how to achieve it.”, and a child will not have those abilities until he is at least 8 months old. Ali is way passed that so he could find something that Dr. Berg was trying to hide under a towel easily. He still enjoys this hide-and-seek game, but it is much less fun at his age “unless the hiding is less obvious” (Berger, p. 183).

7. Ali has a wonderful personality, which is the emotions, behaviors, and attitudes that make an individual unique (Berger, p. 216), or as least I think so for the following reasons. He is outgoing, assertive, active, easygoing, kind and helpful….This characteristic puts him into the 40% easy-temperament (Berger, p. 221). With further observation, I can safely conclude that Ali belongs to the first two dimensions of temperaments in the “big five”, which are Extroversion and Agreeableness (Berger, p. 221).

I cannot believe that I was able to see so much in a child the way the text shows in such a short period. I was particularly impressed with how incredibly secured Ali was, which shows through his friendliness, kindness and curiosity. In addition to his well developed cognitive skill (in communicating, learning, playing…), his general physical conditions as well as his motor skills are also astounding. I would be very happy if I could raise such a healthy child in the future. Finally, I cannot find any problem in your observation setup. Well, afterall, you’ve been doing this for years, I just don’t see how I can beat that.


Загрузить файл

Похожие страницы:

  1. Autism 3 Essay Research Paper Many years

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Autism 3 Essay, Research Paper Many years ago, I ... adults. The autistic infant does not bring about ... socially. From early childhood on, the autistic child ... impairment that is not observed even in young, ... job, Tuesday-YMCA, Wednesday-Volunteer job, Thursday-craft ...
  2. Rectify The Situation Essay Research Paper Rectify

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    ... church every Sunday and sometimes on Wednesday for bible study. Denise was ... They were secretly attracted to each other in stages. It started ... of their stories. Dante the observing, charming man that he is ... an amazing steel of the inbound pass, and she takes it ...
  3. Cuban Missile Crisis Research Paper Essay Research

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Cuban Missile Crisis Research Paper Overview The Cuban ... were still at an infant stage then, Dobrynin ... crisis was over. Also on Wednesday, military alert was raised ... bound for Cuba to observe the orders of ... American aircraft. With each new flight the Americans ...
  4. Усні теми з англійської мови

    Сочинение >> Иностранный язык
    ... 583 Natural Environment Research Council (NERC ... the citizens. Each citizen must observe the Constitution ... salt, pepper, ham, bacon, and so on are sold ... week. Every Monday, Wednesday and Friday I take ... ['mu:viz] — кіно to invent [in'vent] — винаходити aesthetic ...
  5. Консультации по английской грамматике

    Реферат >> Исторические личности
    ... uncountable (U) in another. paper n 1 U substance ... non-intervention is observed when the subject ... … essay on farm management, and I have to do … research. Martin ... . You can invent details. GENDER ... afternoon. How about 7... Wednesday afternoon 8... about half ...

Хочу больше похожих работ...

Generated in 0.0017130374908447