Главная > Реферат >Остальные работы
The Salem Witchcraft Trials: Did the Devil Make Them Do It?
One of the most devastating events in history was the Salem Witchcraft Trials. Due to a few hysterical girls’ accusations and the fear of a village, twenty people were executed and hundreds were put in jail. Now the question still asked today is, “Were the people accused really witches possessed by the devil?” The belief today is that no, they were not witches nor were they involved with the devil. In fact, the people who were at fault were really the accusers.
The Puritan people (the people involved with the trials) had endured many hardships and dangers, which they blamed on the devil. This helped fuel their very religious and superstitious ways. In fact, the minister’s sermons were often times more anti-devil than pro-Christ. In addition, being cheerful and playing were considered very non-religious activities to these people. Their entire lives were devoted to working, and the children were usually very bored. If a little girl was caught playing with a doll, she was sent to the minister for a long lecture, since even dolls were considered to play a part in witchery. When the girls first started acting disturbed, it was after hearing stories about children who had been tormented by witches. The girls would throw tantrums and have fits in which they would run around, screaming that they were being hurt. This kind of behavior was defined as being an act of the devil. But strangely enough, they never seemed to have these fits when there was not an audience around to see them. Therefore, the bewildered people asked the girls who harmed them, and the girls just started giving them names of fellow villagers.
This is when the actual court trials started. During the trials, the main source for prosecution was through relating evidence. People who had been affected by the devil supposedly had a “second sight” to see their tormentors. So anyone that they reported to have “seen” was automatically thought guilty.
There were also two tests used in the courtroom to “prove” that someone was a witch. The first test to see if a person was a witch was if they could say the Lord’s Prayer correctly. If they were indeed a witch, then they would say “hollowed” instead of “hallowed” and add phrases not in the King James version of the Bible. The second test was referred to as the “touch test”. When the accused person looked at the afflicted girls, the girls would fall on the floor. Then the accused would have to touch the affected person, as if they were removing their spell. However, if the accused person looked at any other person in the courtroom, those people were not affected.
Another piece of evidence proving there was fraud in the courtroom was that one of the accusers was reported to have been seen taking pins out of her dress, sticking herself and then screaming she was being tormented by witches. There was also a five-year old girl who was accused of witchcraft. However, she just agreed with whatever they said, because she was too young to understand. The worst proof that they used against the accused people was that if they pleaded innocent, then everyone thought that they were lying because of the influence of the devil. Many people would just say that they were guilty in order to be relieved of suspicion.
They were asked who else was guilty of being a witch, since they most likely had come in contact with other witches. Many innocent people were brought forth as witches in this way. Some of the accusers were thought to have been trying to get back at their enemies by accusing them of witchcraft. In one incident, the girls who were the main accusers were giggling as they said they would have Goody Proctor hang. When questioned about this, they declared that they “must have some sport”.
All of a sudden, the trials came to an abrupt halt. Everyone just stopped believing what the girls said. It was all too cruel and they started seeing how coincidental it all was. However, before the trials had come to a complete stop, 20 people had been executed and others had died in jail. The state of Massachusetts publicly asked for pardon, saying that they were “sadly deluded and mistaken”.
The Salem Witchcraft Trials lasted only a year, but they occupy an entire page of history. It is known throughout the world and had lasting effects on everyone hearing about it. It was best put when Marilyn Roach said to always remember “that all such tragedies begin with ordinary people–like us”.
- ... Paper on Cotton Mather ?The Salem witchcraft trials,? a phrase not too often heard these days ... Cotton Mather? What did he value? And how did his writing reflect ... the accused witches of the time. Witches, Mather believes, are the work of the devil ...
- The Salem Witchcraft trials of 1962 Salem, Massachusetts is located along a beautiful, ... seen the devil?, how, if they are not witches did they explain the contortions ... emphasis on the belief of the devil. There was a faction among the Salem Village fanatics ...
- ... real witchcraft was in fact what happened, and that the children did not ... ’s depiction of the Salem witch trials, The Crucible and later the motion picture: The Salem Witch Trials, deals ... a lot of change. The church was against the devil, at the same time it ...
- ... by witchcraft. Although Betty was sent away fairly soon, and did ... witchcraft accusations still occurred in the areas, we can conclude that the movements did ... of the Salem Witch Trials. Doubleday: New York. 1995. (6.) Karlsen, Carol F. The Devil in the Shape ...
- ... Salem of being witches. But the concept of witchcraft started far before these trials ... miracles that did not come unambiguously from God came from the Devil and ... especially susceptible to the Devil?s blandishments. A lurid picture of the activities of witches ...