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Сохрани ссылку в одной из сетей:

1. Прочитайте и переведите текст устно. Выпишите предложения, относящиеся к правилу согласования времен, и переведите их письменно на русский язык.

The Job Interview

Jack Smith had a job interview a few days ago at the Insurance Company. The interview lasted almost an hour and Jack had to answer a lot of questions.

First the interviewer asked Jack where he had gone to school and if he had had any special training. She also asked him where he had worked. Jack answered that he had graduated from a specialized mathematical school and a financial college and had worked for some bank. Jack also mentioned that his German was good. He answered all the questions well and he hoped he would get the job at the company.

First the interviewer asked Jack where he had gone to school and if he had had any special training. She also asked him where he had worked. Jack answered that he had graduated from a specialized mathematical school and a financial college and had worked for some bank. Jack also mentioned that his German was good. He answered all the questions well and he hoped he would get the job at the company.

Сначала интервьюер спросил Джека, где он пошел в школу, и была ли у него какая-либо специальная подготовка. Она также спросила его, где он работал. Джек ответил, что закончил специализированную математическую школу и финансовый колледж и работал на некоторый банк. Джек также упоминал, что его немецкий язык был хорош. Он отвечал на все вопросы хорошо, и он надеялся, что получит работу в компании.

2. Выберите правильную форму глагола. Переведите предложения письменно на русский язык.

1. If I have / will have enough time, I finish / will finish the report tonight. 2. If the machine will break down / breaks down, we contact / will contact your service engineer at once. 3. If your guarantee is / will be still valid, any repairs are carried out / will be carried out free of charge. 4. If they had made a lower bid last month, we would accept / would have accepted it immediately. 5. What would you do if you see / saw a colleague stealing substantial quantities of stationary from your office? 6. If you knew / had known how angry my boss gets, you would realize how I feel. 7. If they refuse / will refuse to pay up, we would send / will send them a threatening letter. 8. If I foresaw / had foreseen the extent of the damage, I would have checked all our insurance policies.

1. If I will have enough time, I will finish the report tonight. 2. If the machine will break down , we will contact your service engineer at once. 3. If your guarantee is still valid, any repairs will be carried out free of charge. 4. If they had made a lower bid last month, we would have accepted it immediately. 5. What would you do if you saw a colleague stealing substantial quantities of stationary from your office? 6. If you knew how angry my boss gets, you would realize how I feel. 7. If they will refuse to pay up, we will send them a threatening letter. 8. If I foresaw the extent of the damage, I would have checked all our insurance policies.

1. Если у меня будет достаточно времени, я закончу отчет сегодня вечером. 2. Если машина сломается, мы свяжемся с Вашим инженером-эксплуатационником сразу. 3. Если Ваша гарантия будет все еще действительна, то любой ремонт будет выполнен бесплатно. 4. Если бы они сделали более низкое предложение в прошлом месяце, то мы немедленно приняли бы это. 5. Что бы Вы сделали, если бы Вы видели, что коллега крал постоянно существенные количества из Вашего офиса? 6. Если бы Вы знали, как мой сердитый босс достает, то Вы бы поняли, что я чувствую. 7. Если они откажутся заплатить, мы пошлем им письмо с угрозами. 8. Если бы я предвидел масштабы ущерба, я бы проверил все наши страховые полисы.

3. Выберите правильный вариант продолжения предложенных предложений. Переведите получившиеся ситуации на русский язык письменно.

1. I don't have anything to smoke. 2. I don't have much time. 3. My computer is old and slow. 4. I'm lonely. 5. My job is really boring. 6. I don't understand English as well as I want. 7. My job pays really badly. 8. I don't like working late at night.

А. I wish I earned more money. B. I wish I finished earlier. С. I wish I had a cigarette. D. I wish I had a more powerful one. E. I wish I had an interesting one. F. I wish I had more friends.

G. I wish I had more time. H. I wish I knew more people. I. I wish I knew something about cars. J. I wish I lived in a hotter country. K. I wish I lived in Paris. L. I wish I saved more money. M. I wish I understood it better. N. I wish I wasn't working. O. I wish I were a better cook. P. I wish it were possible as it is a country I love.

1. I don't have anything to smoke I wish I had a cigarette. 2. I don't have much time I wish I had more time. 3. My computer is old and slow I wish I had a more powerful one. 4. I'm lonely I wish I knew more people. 5. My job is really boring I wish I had an interesting one. 6. I don't understand English as well as I want I wish I understood it better. 7. My job pays really badly I wish I earned more money. 8. I don't like working late at night I wish I finished earlier.

1. У меня нет ничего, чтобы курить, мне жаль, что у меня не было сигареты. 2. У меня нет много времени, мне жаль, что у меня нет большего количества времени. 3. Мой компьютер является старым и медленным, мне жаль, что у меня нет более сильного. 4. Я одинок, мне жаль, что я не знал больше людей. 5. Моя работа является действительно скучной, мне жаль, что у меня не было интересной. 6. Я не понимаю, так английский язык так же как хочу, мне жаль, что я не понимаю его лучше. 7. Моя работа оплачивается действительно ужасно, мне жаль, что я не зарабатываю больше денег. 8. Мне не нравится работать поздно вечером, мне жаль, что я не закончу раньше.

4. Найдите вторую часть каждого предложения. Запишите получившиеся предложения и переведите их письменно на русский язык.

1. If they hadn’t expanded so quickly, … 2. If they don’t install a new computer, … 3. If the software had been tested, … 4. If orders were not constantly delayed, … 5. If the phone lines were not overloaded, … 6. If there were not so many problems, … 7. If their products had been excellent, … 8. We are unable to supply the goods … 9. The machine should not be modified … 10. I’d feel very upset … 11. The fax machine wouldn’t have broken down …

a) customers would be able to get through. b) customers wouldn’t complain. c) customers wouldn’t look for a more reliable supplier. d) if I lost my job. e) if it had been cooled down in time. f) many customers would have remained loyal. g) the system wouldn’t have broken down. h) they would have been able to cope with the volume of orders. i) things will get worse. j) unless a service engineer is present. k) until we receive payment in advance.

1. If they hadn’t expanded so quickly, they would have been able to cope with the volume of orders. 2. If they don’t install a new computer, things will get worse. 3. If the software had been tested, the system wouldn’t have broken down. 4. If orders were not constantly delayed, customers wouldn’t look for a more reliable supplier. 5. If the phone lines were not overloaded, customers would be able to get through. 6. If there were not so many problems, many customers would have remained loyal. 7. If their products had been excellent, customers wouldn’t complain. 8. We are unable to supply the goods until we receive payment in advance. 9. The machine should not be modified unless a service engineer is present. 10. I’d feel very upset if I lost my job. 11. The fax machine wouldn’t have broken down if it had been cooled down in time.

1. Если бы они не расширились так быстро, то они были бы в состоянии справиться с объемом заказов. 2. Если они не установят новый компьютер, то положение ухудшится. 3. Если бы программное обеспечение было проверено, то система не сломалась бы. 4. Если бы заказы постоянно не отсрочивались, то клиенты не искали бы более надежного поставщика. 5. Если бы телефонные линии не были перегружены, то клиенты были бы в состоянии пройти. 6. Если бы не было очень многих проблем, много клиентов остались бы лояльными. 7. Если бы их продукты были превосходны, клиенты не жаловались бы. 8. Мы неспособны поставлять товары, пока мы не получаем оплату заранее. 9. Машина не должна быть изменена, если инженер-эксплуатационник не присутствует. 10. Я бы очень расстроился, если бы я потерял свою работу. 11. Факс не сломался бы, если бы он был охлажден вовремя.

5. Поставьте глаголы, данные в скобках, в нужную форму. Переведите предложения письменно на русский язык.

1. If we changed the packaging, people (not/recognize) the product. 2. If we give the product a new name, it (sound) more interesting. 3. If we (lower) the price, it would reduce our profits too much. 4. If we (print) a better brochure, we will attract more interest. 5. If we (offer) free gifts, we will get more customers. 6. If we recruited more staff, we (be able) to sell to more outlets. 7. If we (advertise) more, it would increase our costs too much. 8. If we cut their commission, our sales people (not work) so hard.

1. If we changed the packaging, people would not recognize the product. 2. If we give the product a new name, it will sound more interesting. 3. If we lowered the price, it would reduce our profits too much. 4. If we print a better brochure, we will attract more interest. 5. If we offer free gifts, we will get more customers. 6. If we recruited more staff, we will be able to sell to more outlets. 7. If we advertised more, it would increase our costs too much. 8. If we cut their commission, our sales people would not work so hard.

1. Если бы мы изменили упаковку, то люди не узнали бы продукт. 2. Если мы дадим продукту новое имя, то это будет более интересным. 3. Если бы мы понизили цену, то она уменьшила бы нашу прибыль слишком много. 4. Если мы напечатаем брошюру лучше, то мы вызовем больше интереса. 5. Если мы предложим бесплатные подарки, то мы получим больше клиентов. 6. Если мы примем на работу больше штата, мы будем в состоянии продавать на больших количествах торговых точек. 7. Если бы мы давали объявлений больше, то это увеличило бы наши затраты слишком много. 8. Если бы мы сокращаем их комиссию, наши менеджеры по продажам не работали бы так усиленно.

6. Выберите причастие, которое необходимо вставить в предложения. Переведите текст устно.

Proposition 215

Proposition 215 is a two-year-old law (1) ________ (intending/intended) to allow seriously ill people in California to use marijuana as medicine. Such ill people carry a doctor's note (2) ________ (verifying/verified) that they suffer from chronic pain or serious disease.

Steve McWilliams is a person who uses marijuana daily to deal with constant pain (3) ________ (resulting/resulted) from several car accidents.

Another person who was (4) ________ (delighting/delighted) when proposition 215 passed was Evan Keliher of San Diego. Keliher said it was (5) ________ (relieving/relieved) to use marijuana legally after thirty years of being a “closet marijuana smoker”. Keliher, who is a former Marine and (6) ________ (retiring/retired) school teacher, was diagnosed with glaucoma in the 1960s. He began to smoke pot in 1967 after hearing that it helped relieve intra-ocular pressure (7) ________ (causing/caused) by glaucoma. He had been using eye drops, but his eye sight was steadily (8) ________ (weakening/weakened). Doctors (9) ________ (treating/treated) him at that time predicted that he would be blind by now. Though he can no longer see in his left eye, his eyesight in his right eye is (9) ________ (amazing/amazed). He is so (10) ________ (satisfying/satisfied) with the results from marijuana that he wrote a book called, “Grandpa’s Marijuana Handbook”. Keliher wants to teach older people who are sick and (11) ________ (suffering/suffered) how to use marijuana.

Still, there are many problems (12) ________ (facing/faced) law enforcement officers in California. Marijuana (13) ________ (growing/grown) for medicinal purposes is legal, but how much is necessary? Law enforcement officers feel it will take time for the medical marijuana law to be (14) ________ (enforcing/enforced) fairly.

Proposition 215 is a two-year-old law intended to allow seriously ill people in California to use marijuana as medicine. Such ill people carry a doctor's note verifying that they suffer from chronic pain or serious disease.

Steve McWilliams is a person who uses marijuana daily to deal with constant pain resulting from several car accidents.

Another person who was delighted when proposition 215 passed was Evan Keliher of San Diego. Keliher said it was relieving to use marijuana legally after thirty years of being a “closet marijuana smoker”. Keliher, who is a former Marine and retired school teacher, was diagnosed with glaucoma in the 1960s. He began to smoke pot in 1967 after hearing that it helped relieve intra-ocular pressure caused by glaucoma. He had been using eye drops, but his eye sight was steadily weakening. Doctors treating him at that time predicted that he would be blind by now. Though he can no longer see in his left eye, his eyesight in his right eye is amazing. He is so satisfied with the results from marijuana that he wrote a book called, “Grandpa’s Marijuana Handbook”. Keliher wants to teach older people who are sick and suffering how to use marijuana.

Still, there are many problems facing law enforcement officers in California. Marijuana grown for medicinal purposes is legal, but how much is necessary? Law enforcement officers feel it will take time for the medical marijuana law to be enforced fairly.

7. Перепишите предложения и подчеркните в них все неличные формы глагола (причастия, инфинитив, герундий). Переведите предложения письменно на русский язык.

1. We would like to contact someone in your company interested in our programme and sharing our ideas. 2. While introducing the guests to each other, the manager said a few kind words to each of them. 3. When planning your daily routine, don’t forget to leave time for rest. 4. Not knowing our partners’ point of view, we decided not to give a definite answer. 5. The plant equipped with modern machinery overfulfilled its plan every month. 6. Having looked through all the documents and letters received that day he called his secretary. 7. The talks between the two countries were conducted behind the closed doors, measures having been taken that no correspondent should receive any information. 8. The figures mentioned in his report were published in the latest scientific journal. 9. The goods having been loaded, the workers left the port. 10. One of the most noticeable features of air transport development is the big increase in the quantities of goods carried. 11. To learn two foreign languages at one and the same time isn’t easy. 12. To calculate the age of our planet is very difficult. 13. To calculate the age of our planet you must have knowledge in different branches of science. 14. Inkombank was the first in Russia to introduce new types of services. 15. A delegation is expected to arrive in the capital of the country to discuss the creation of a shipping line between the two countries. 16. The computer is known to be able to do computations in milliseconds. 17. Carrying out experiments requires patience. 18. They objected to being asked to wait. 19. Your having written the letter is really no excuse for your not having come on the fixed day.

1. We would like to contact someone in your company interested in our programme and sharing our ideas. 2. While introducing the guests to each other, the manager said a few kind words to each of them. 3. When planning your daily routine, don’t forget to leave time for rest. 4. Not knowing our partners’ point of view, we decided not to give a definite answer. 5. The plant equipped with modern machinery overfulfilled its plan every month. 6. Having looked through all the documents and letters received that day he called his secretary. 7. The talks between the two countries were conducted behind the closed doors, measures having been taken that no correspondent should receive any information. 8. The figures mentioned in his report were published in the latest scientific journal. 9. The goods having been loaded, the workers left the port. 10. One of the most noticeable features of air transport development is the big increase in the quantities of goods carried. 11. To learn two foreign languages at one and the same time isn’t easy. 12. To calculate the age of our planet is very difficult. 13. To calculate the age of our planet you must have knowledge in different branches of science. 14. Inkombank was the first in Russia to introduce new types of services. 15. A delegation is expected to arrive in the capital of the country to discuss the creation of a shipping line between the two countries. 16. The computer is known to be able to do computations in milliseconds. 17. Carrying out experiments requires patience. 18. They objected to being asked to wait. 19. Your having written the letter is really no excuse for your not having come on the fixed day.

1. Мы хотели бы связаться с кем-либо в Вашей компании, заинтересованным нашей программой и разделением наших идей. 2. Представляя гостей друг другу, менеджер сказал несколько добрых слов каждому из них. 3. Планируя Ваш распорядок дня, не забывайте оставлять время для отдыха. 4. Не зная точку зрения наших партнеров, мы решили не давать определенный ответ. 5. Каждый месяц завод, оборудованный современной техникой, перевыполнял свой план. 6. Просмотрев все документы и письма, полученные в тот день, он вызвал своего секретаря. 7. Переговоры между этими двумя странами проводились за закрытыми дверьми, меры, приняты, чтоб никакой корреспондент не смог получить информацию. 8. Цифры, упомянутые в его отчете, были изданы в последнем научном журнале. 9. Загрузив товары, рабочие покинули порт. 10. Одна из самых значимых особенностей развития воздушного транспорта - большое увеличение грузов количества, которые они несут. 11. Выучить два иностранных языка в одно и то же время не легко. 12. Вычислить возраст нашей планеты является очень трудным. 13. Чтобы вычислить возраст нашей планеты, у Вас должно быть познания в различных разделах науки. 14. Инкомбанк был первым в России, который ввел новые типы услуг. 15. Делегация, как ожидают, прибудет в столицу страны, чтобы обсудить создание судоходной линии между этими двумя странами. 16. Компьютер, как известно, в состоянии произвести вычисления в миллисекундах. 17. Выполнение экспериментов требует терпения. 18. Они возразили против того, чтобы ждать. 19. То, что вы написали письмо не является никаким оправданием за Ваше отсутствие в определенный день.

8. Переведите текст устно. Выпишите предложения с пропусками и заполните пропуски infinitive или ing-form глаголов, данных в скобках. Переведите выписанные предложения письменно на русский язык.

It was unanimously agreed that we couldn’t afford (1) _______ (allow) our image to remain as bad as it is following the bad publicity we have had recently. Although we have repeatedly denied (2) _______ (lower) the quality of our main products, we have clearly failed (3) _______ (convince) the general public of that. As a result, our competitors have managed (4) _______ (steal) several major customers.

The Head of Marketing suggested (5) _______ (change) our advertising strategy completely. She said that, instead of (6) _______ (emphasize) how useful our products are, we should present them as fun to use. She added that she had been thinking of (7) _______ (use) a different agency anyway. The Sales Director agreed that we couldn’t risk (8) _______ (lose) any more customers. The Finance Director agreed that this appeared (9) _______ (be) the most sensible thing we could do in the circumstances, but pointed out that we needed to avoid (10) _______ (spend) any more on advertising than we currently do. The Head of Marketing offered (11) _______ (prepare) a report on the types of campaign that might be best for us and agreed (12) _______ (do) this within two days. We therefore decided (13) _______ (meet) again to discuss the matter further at the end of the week.



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