Полнотекстовый поиск:
Где искать:
только в названии
только в тексте
слова в тексте
только заголовок

Рекомендуем ознакомиться

Остальные работы->Реферат
When a loved one dies, it is common for the mourners to immerse themselves in their particular religious traditions. From Buddhism to Christianity to ...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
Since the dawn of time, human beings have been in a constant struggle to survive. Whether you are a man or women, black or white, rich or poor, the ha...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
a tough, unsentimental style of American crime writing that brought a new tone of earthy realism or naturalism to the field of detective fiction. Hard...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
Prescriptions for numerous anti-depressants drugs are at an all time high especially in the United States. Due to the increasing number of people with...полностью>>

Главная > Реферат >Остальные работы

Сохрани ссылку в одной из сетей:

Art Of Japan: The Temple Of Todaiji Essay, Research Paper

Art of Japan: The Temple of Todaiji Commissioned during the reign of Emperor Shomu in 743 CE, the temple of Todaiji is the world’s largest wooden structure in existence today. Shomu initially constructed Todaiji to house a tremendous bronze Buddha statue he was having built. The statue of the Vairocana, or Supreme, Buddha reached a height of nearly 60 feet when completed, and depleted the nation’s copper supply sufficiently as to make bronze sculpture impossible for centuries. Todaiji itself is a massive structure, measuring 157 feet high by 187 feet long currently. It is estimated that the original structure was a full third larger, as the building has been burned down twice in its history and was last reconstructed during the Kamakura period of the twelfth century. The construction of Todaiji was similar to that of Horyuji and several other temples of the period, but on a far grander scale. The finished compound consisted of the gigantic image (kondo) hall, two pagodas that reached to over 100 meters high each, a refectory and the monks’ dormitories. The front of the temple was comprised of eleven bays stretching for 73 meters, and attached to 154 additional bays.

To this day, Todaiji remains the world’s largest wooden structure. It is estimated that approximately 50,000 carpenters and over 370,000 metal workers were employed to build the temple between the years of 745 and 752 CE. At the height of the project a full 10 percent of the Japanese population was involved in some way with the construction of Todaiji. Shomu specifically intended that his Great Buddha Hall be of such mammoth proportions in order to fulfill two distinct purposes. He saw the construction of Todaiji as a way to both ensure the good favor of the Buddha and to demonstrate the power of the Japanese State. The formal name of Todaiji is “Temple for the Protection of the Nation by the Golden Effulgent Four Divine Kings”, and accurately reflects both aspects of Shomu’s motivation. Todaiji literally dominated the city of Nara, dwarfing even the hills from which it was carved. Ultimately the great power conveyed upon Buddhist religion by the temple would impede the secular government, and prompt leaders to move the capital away from Nara.

Загрузить файл

Похожие страницы:

  1. The History Of Japanese Architecture Essay Research

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    ... the traditional temples and palaces of the Heian and Tokugawa periods. The National Museum of Modern Art ... temple, providing an amusing contrast. Although both the National Museum of Modern Art ... of Japan must be sure not to lose pride and love for the temples ...
  2. The Religious Implications Of The Byodoin Essay

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    ... of the most prevalent of these ways of appreciation is the Byodoin Temple in Uji, Japan. This temple ... decorated interior, is considered the epitome of art and architecture of the Heian period. Inside ...
  3. The Korean Family Hierarchy Essay Research Paper

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    ... , the emphasis in China was on brick pagodas and in Japan on ... those of wooden construction. Of all the many remaining ... makes up a masterpiece of Buddhist art in the Far East. The Temple of Pulguksa, built in ...
  4. The Religion In The Heian Period Essay

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    ... into a temple. At the age of 12, Saicho entered the Kokubunji monastery of Omi ... Saicho established the Hienzanji temple where the carved image of Yakushi the healing Buddha ... Japan. Its emphasis on art appealed to the well-developed aesthetic sense of the ...
  5. Japan Religion Essay Research Paper JAPAN RELIGIONBUDDHISM

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    ... stressed ritual and art as well as doctrines. The second emphasis starting ... this usually only indicates the sect of the temple where the family burial plot is ... of Shinto and its association with the foundation myths of Japan and with the cult of the ...

Хочу больше похожих работ...

Generated in 0.0017759799957275