Полнотекстовый поиск:
Где искать:
только в названии
только в тексте
слова в тексте
только заголовок

Рекомендуем ознакомиться

Остальные работы->Реферат
“The Glass Menagerie,” a play by Tennessee Williams, gives us a quick picture into the lives of three completely different humans beings. The mother A...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
I watch as a young woman sits peacefully in the local park with her newly born infant in her arms. She casually unbuttons her shirt and reveals her br...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
Nowhere can be found a land without violence. But nowhere but Ireland can be found a land with more violence. Eavan Boland uses the theme of violence ...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
This coming year, in 1 , our Federal Government will spend over $1.7 trillion. They use this money to support causes that aid to the betterment of soc...полностью>>

Главная > Реферат >Остальные работы

Сохрани ссылку в одной из сетей:

Aids In Africa Essay, Research Paper

WOMEN will get the power to protect themselves against AIDS, if the World Health Organisation has its way. Encouraging men to use condoms, it has decided, is not enough. They work, but many men dislike them; and women, especially very young ones, often lack the sexual bargaining clout to insist. Instead, the WHO believes, pharmaceutical companies could have still-to-be-perfected microbicidal vaginal gels or sprays on the market within two years–if they are given a bit of a push.

Vaginal gels have been around for decades, but until recently were not taken into account by AIDS researchers. Most were contraceptive barriers; some were aimed against sexually transmitted diseases like gonorrhea. Early trials for use against the AIDS virus, HIV, involved a spermicide called nonoxynol-9. Results were mixed. It seemed to give results in Cameroon and Zambia, but some Kenyan prostitutes developed ulcers, which might make infection easier rather than more difficult. But a prostitute’s sexual life is hardly typical; and other products or other methods of use might prove better.

For any product to be acceptable, says Eka Esu-Williams, the Nigerian president of the Society for Women and AIDS in Africa, it must be possible to separate the spermicidal or contraceptive function from that of killing harmful micro-organisms such as HIV. In third-world countries, many women (and still more men) value protection against AIDS, but not against procreation. WHO could add, though it does not, that one of the men, ecclesiastically speaking, could be the pope.

Why has it taken more than a decade of AIDS to get serious attention paid to a form of protection that sounds so simple? One reason is that microbicides are old-fashioned stuff, less glamorous for researchers–and less profitable for their employers–than, say, genetically engineered vaccines or other drugs based on molecular biology. Another reason, Ms Esu-Williams thinks, is that, consciously or not, men in charge of most health and research programmes resist any method that would give control to women.

Still the potential market is huge. The WHO, though, sees one reason why drug companies may be cautious: American lawyers. Any new drug faces the hazard of litigation. But imagine a widely used gel, easily available, whose failure could be literally deadly to the person concerned. Then add American stretcher-chasing and the risk that some legal eagle could get a suit accepted by an American court. Throw in the fiery mixture of sex and third-world research trials (transmission of HIV there is usually heterosexual), and the drug companies have some reason not to rush in.

Загрузить файл

Похожие страницы:

  1. Aids In Africa Essay Research Paper IntroductionAfrica

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Aids In Africa Essay, Research Paper Introduction Africa suffers from an A.I.D.S. epidemic that ... Latre-Gato. (1999, September). Women and AIDS in Africa: sociocultural dimensions of the HIV ...
  2. Aids In Africa Essay Research Paper The

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Aids In Africa Essay, Research Paper The Republic of France believes that the HIV/AIDS problem that our ... this disease live in Sub-Saharan Africa. Women and children in Africa are much more ...
  3. Aids In Africa Essay Research Paper AIDS

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Aids In Africa Essay, Research Paper AIDS In Africa: A Rising Problem Africa is a continent with many ... . AIDS was first identified in the United States in 1981, when 189 ... AIDS victims are homosexual males, Africa AIDS is suffered by both men and women in ...
  4. Aids In Africa Essay Research Paper Horrors

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Aids In Africa Essay, Research Paper Horrors in the news Action on AIDS in Africa Imagine 40 million hungry and ... has called the spread of aids in Africa “The worst infectious disease ... this figure is woefully inadequate when measured against the scale of ...
  5. Aids In America Essay Research Paper For

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Aids In America Essay, Research Paper For an epidemic ... hemophilia, and immigrants from Africa and the Caribbean. All ... millions more worldwide. When AIDS first surfaced in the United States, ... . Bibliography Russel, Charles H. AIDS in America. Springer Verlag, San ...

Хочу больше похожих работ...

Generated in 0.0017948150634766