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Главная > Реферат >Иностранный язык

Сохрани ссылку в одной из сетей:

inches, hands, chiefs, shoes, maps, boxes, safes, dishes, machines, roofs, classes, wives, babies, benches, books, bottles, boys, brings, burns, buzzes, cages, capes, cars, catches, cats, checks, clashes, clings, clocks, crooks, dates, dishes, doctors, dresses, edges, faces, feeds, fetches, fifths, fingers, foxes, gains, gnats, hooks, hopes, horses, jobs, kites, knives, knows, ladies, leaps, lies, matches, moths, noses, nurses, pages, papers, parts, phones, pies, picks, pipes, places, pumps, roses, seats, sites, skies, sofas, swims, taxes, teachers, thinks, ties, trays, wages, waves, weeks, wives, writers.

b) with the ending -(e)d

acted, added, advised, agreed, begged, called, camped, carried, compiled, composed, concreted, concurred, crashed, decided, defended, diffe­red, dressed, ended, enjoyed, entered, explained, failed, finished, fired, followed, founded, handed, hoped, hurried, joked, listed, listened, looked, marked, mended, opened, packed, painted, placed, pronounced, pumped, reminded, rested, roun­ded, sacked, shouted, seemed, seized, skated, smoked, started, stayed, robbed, tacked, talked, turned, typed, waited, walked, washed, packed, arrived, moved, worked, played, needed, smashed, ended.

Ex. 7.13 Put the words into columns:

a) with the ending -(e)s

[s]

[z]

[Iz]

Cats, touches, drops, pencils, coats, poses, gods, cured, ports, causes, fits, its, adds, tends, courses, boxes, mottos, toes, heroes, saves, boxes, spies, memories, tomatoes, drivers, potatoes, matches, plays, pockets, fingers, sources, marches, invalids, secrets.

b) with the ending -(e)d

[t]

[d]

[Id]

Forced, recorded, swamped, saved, treated, brushed, connected, viewed, waited, stopped, used, enjoyed, needed, tended, dressed, helped, danced, opened, played, counted, decided, answered, wanted, cried, studied, traveled, used, skipped, stopped, hated, trusted, published, switched, named, sounded.

Ex. 7.14 Find the odd word:

  1. noses, pieces, years, dresses, dollies.

  2. stopped, used, traveled, smelled, agreed.

  3. pens, hens, pets, lessons, heads.

  4. coasted, ended, resulted, resisted, suffered.

  5. tips, backs, points, models.

  6. places, matches, cases, shocks.

  7. passed, worked, dropped, needed.

  8. hated, promoted, landed, licked.

Ex. 7.15 Add the word according to the rule:

  1. toys, arms, fingers, hairs, ...

  2. displeased, smelled, pervaded, ...

  3. secrets, tickets, shocks, foots, ...

  4. hands, legs, years, eyes, ...

Ex. 7.16 Find a way from Start to Finish. You may not pass a square if the word contains the sound [z]. You can move horizontally or vertically only.

start

spots

squares

prize

since

six

sports

streets

wise

sells

sits

exact

escapes

rice

rise

sense

science

lose

lost

oasis

desert

smokes

songs

crisps

box

place

face

snacks

seas

voice

boxes

plays

phase

nose

smiles

focus

concert

finish

Ex. 7.17 The pronunciation of the possessive “s” is the same as for plural endings. For example: Peter’s [z], John’s [z], Philips [s], Steph’s [s], Gearge’s [Iz], Alice’s [Iz].

Put the words in italics in the correct column, according to the pronunciation of the possessive “s”.

a month’s holiday

Jane’s dog

the horse’s mouth

Joe’s ambition

Uncle Toby’s

Mr. Walsh’s car

Beth’s doll

the judge’s decision

Liz’s mother

the Jones’s children

the government’s duty

the boys’ father

the world’s resources

a wasp’s nest

a week’s pay

[z]

[s]

[Iz]

Ex. 7.18 Read the text, underline the past verbs with –ed ending and explain the rule of reading.

Robin Tailor was born in Birmingham on the 27th of December 1958. His mother died the same day. Mr. and Mrs. Taylor adopted him. In 1960, the Taylor family immigrated to Perth in Western Australia. Last year, Robin was in Britain on holiday. He traveled to Birmingham and asked about his family. He discovered that he had a twin brother! Robin phoned a BBC radio programme and told his story. He asked for information about his brother. That afternoon he received a phone call from Perth in Scotland. The next day he went to Scotland and met his brother for the first time.

Ex. 7.19 Read the proverbs. Explain the rules of reading.

  1. He laughs best who laughs last.

  2. What can’t be cured must be endured.

  3. Exception proves the rule.

  4. Nothing ventured, nothing gained.

  5. Where the shoe pinches.

  6. When in Rome, do as the Romans do.

  7. It’s the early bird that catches the worm.

  8. The devil is not so black as it’s painted.

  9. Still waters run deep.

READING OF COMBINATIONS OF VOWELS WITH CONSONANTS

Letter combination

Sound

Examples

O + ld

I+ld

I+nd

Igh

A+ s + consonant

A+ n + consonant

A+ th

A+ll

Al+k

W+a

W+ar

W+or

ow

[əυ]

[aı]

[ɑ:]

[ɔ:]

[ɒ]

[ɔ:]

[3:]

[əυ], [aυ]

Cold, gold

Wild, child

Kind, find

High, night

Class, past

Plant, dance

Path, father

All, ball, wall

Talk, walk, chalk

Want, was

War, warm

Word

Row, cow

Ex. 7.20 Read the following words containing combination of vowels and consonants:

[əυ] cold, fold, hold, bold, gold, told, sold;

[aı] wild, mild, child,;

[aı] kind, mind, find, bind, blind, rind.

[a:] class, fast, ask, plant, bath, pass, past, task, grant, path, glass, cast, bask, can’t, father, grass, vast, basket, shan’t, brass, mask, branch.

[ɔ:] all, small, ball, fall, call, stall, tall, wall.

[ɒ] was, wash, what, want, watch, quality;

[aυ] now, how, cow, down, town, clown, brown, crowd, crown, flower, power, tower;

[əυ] row, own, slow, grow, snow, glow, show, throw, know

Ex. 7.21 Which word in the pair has more predictable spelling?

warm –charm

cork – work

wart –dart

worm – storm

window - binding

worm – squirm

want – pant

word – lord

call – shall

eight – height

Ex. 7.22 Find the odd word:

Target, farm, warm, market, barking.

Word, work, world, war, worse.

Behind, bind, wind, mind, blind.

Call, shall, tall, also, always.

Howl, jowl, crown, throw, coward.

Own, borrow, pillow, tower, crow.

Dance, can’t, bathroom, past, east.

Warship, quality, watch, wash, was.

Pond, gold, sold, behold, scold.

Ex. 7.23 Find the homophones:

side/ stalk/ hold/ might/ bold/ knight/ sight/ won/ site/ holed/ stork/ bowled/ night/ one/ sighed/ mite

Ex 7.24 Find the rhymes:

a) warm/ calm/ heard/ polite/ want/ show/ world/ aunts/ what/ work/ stalk/ bite

b) ago/ farm/ dance/ fight/ pot/ pond/ whirled/ perk/ night/ fork/ storm/ word

Ex. 7.25 ( , track 11)

Listen to the recording and decide which names you hear.

Example: I’ve invited ____Pete___ to join us.

a) Pete b) Peter c) Pet

1. I’ve just been talking to __________________.

a) Jan Lipman b) Jane Lipman c) Jane Leapman d) Jan Leapman

2. I’ve just got a letter from __________________.

a) Eryl b) Meryl

3. Can I speak to _____________, please?

a) Mick Wilson b) Mike Wilson c) Mack Wilson d) Mark Wilson

4. I haven’t seen ____________ for ages.

a) Mary b) Marie

5. Could you give this to __________, please?

a) Lucille b) Lucy

6. I think that’s ___________ over there.

a) Peter Bales b) Peter Vales c)Pete Bales d) Pete Vales

7. Have you met _________________?

a) Barbara Eaton b) Barbara Heaton c) Barbie Eaton d) Barbie Heaton

8. I’ve invited _______________ as well.

a) Joe Newman b) Joan Newman

9. That’s _________________, I think.

a) Sir Ralph b) Sir Alf

10. I think that’s ____________over there.

a) Sue Weedon b) Sue Eden

11. Is ___________ here today?

a) Gert b) Curt

12. I’m going with ___________ to the cinema.

a) Alec b) Alex

13. Have you seen ____________ recently?

a) Rita b) Lita

14. I hear that ___________has got a new job.

a) Bet b) Beth c) Betty d) Bess

15. Isn’t that ________over there?

a) Carl b) Carla

Ex. 7.26 ( , track 12)

Look at and listen to these pairs of words.

a. Peter and pepper. These start with the same consonant sound [p], but the following vowel sound is different: [׀pi:tə], [׀pepə].

b. Peter and pizza. These start with the same three sounds: [׀pi:tə] and [׀pi:tsə].

Now read the following pairs of words. How many identical sounds do they start with? Listen to the recording to check how they are pronounced.

Examples:

Peter/ pepper – 1 Peter/pizza – 3

1. Kate \ cake __ 9. Penny \ pizza __

2. Charles \ chocolate ___ 10. Margery \margarine ___

3. Oliver \ olives ___ 11. Barbara \ bananas ___

4. Tom \ tomatoes ___ 12. Sam \ salmon ___

5. Susan \ sugar ___ 13. Colin \ cola ___

6. Salome \ salami ___ 14. Brenda \ bread ___

7. Pat \ pasta ___ 15. Jim \ gin ___

8. Patty \ pastry ___ 16. Raymond \ radishes ___

Ex. 7.27

a) Put the following words into the correct column according to the pronunciation of”-ough”:



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