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Сохрани ссылку в одной из сетей:

Chandelier, worth, anger, triumph, Anthony, sandwich, cheekbone, Stephen, shrewd, bang, Frank, than, monarchy

Ex. 9.8 Find the odd word according to the way of the reading of consonant clusters:

  1. accept, success, soccer, accede, access, accent.

  2. anchor, young, conquer, conclude, function.

  3. think, thunder, throne, thyme, thick, thing.

  4. chaos, chord, stomach, monarchy, chaste.

  5. tooth, scythe, truth, thumb, throw, thin.

  6. go, gargle, gage, glove, stage, give.

  7. chef, chic, champagne, charade, chick.

Ex. 9.9 Sort out the words into columns according to the reading of consonant clusters.

Machinery, scheme, scythe, child, Thames, weather, chef, Christmas, Thompson, chick, than, chic, chord, chalice, cliché, Chaos, neither, thyme, thrift, cheek, though, thorn, thaw, thief.

Ex. 9.10 Find a way from start to finish. You may pass a square only if the word in it has the sound [θ]. You can move horizontally of vertically.

Start

north

northern

either

weather

breathe

those

south

bath

bathe

thought

breath

youth

southern

third

their

through

though

thumb

Thailand

cloth

path

fifth

with

worth

month

clothes

these

brother

that

teeth

throw

thing

author

other

they

wealth

Finish

Ex. 9.11 Complete this rhyme using words from the box. Then listen and check ( , track 13)

Earth

another

Heather

together

brother

birth

neither

either

mothers

brothers

Arthur had a brother

And he didn’t want another.

And of the brothers, ______

Wanted sisters _____ .

The last thing on this_____

They wanted was a _____.

So Arthur’s mother _____

Got them both _____,

And told them all good _____

Should learn to share their _____.

Ex. 9.12 Listen and circle the word you hear( , track 14)

  1. Youth or use? There’s no youth\use talking about that.

  2. Thought or taught? I don’t know what she thought\taught.

  3. Free or three? Free\Three refills with each packet!

  4. Closed or clothed? They weren’t fully closed\clothed.

  5. Breeding or breathing? They’ve stopped breeding\breathing.

  6. These are or visa? These are\Visa problems we can deal with later.

Ex. 9.13 Practice reading the following words observing the rules of reading of consonant clusters:

a) Sheep, fish, Lewisham, mishap, ghost, rough, high, eight, daughter, Ghana, ghastly, ghee, gherkin, ghetto, ghillie, ghoul, Ghana, ghee, gharry, ghoulish, shoulder, shovel, show off, shrewd, shrink, Zhirinovsky, Zhukov, Zhivago, Zhejiang, Zhang, Zhuhai, photograph, shepherd, Stephen, Clapham, nephew, cheap, chair, charm, scheme, school, ache, cholesterol, chemistry, machinery, clef, sandwich, Charles, charter, charka, charivari, chateau, chauffeur, cheekbone, Chaucer, chauvinism, Chihuahua, chloral, choir, cholera, cholinesterase, pharmacology, pharyngeal, phoneme, phonetic, physiotherapy, phthisis, phylum

b) Wristband, knout, wryneck, Khachaturian, wreathe, Khan, Khyber, khanate, pneumothorax, Knox, knuckle, wrongheaded, Khrushchev, knurl, knockdown.

Ex. 9.14 Read the proverbs; explain the reading of consonant clusters:

The tongue is not steel, yet it cuts.

Exception proves the rule.

Where the shoe pinches.

Don’t cross the bridge till you get to it.

Physicians mend or end us.

Neither fish nor flesh.

A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush.

A watched pot never boils.

A drowning man will catch at a straw.

Little knowledge is a dangerous thing.

Ex. 9.15 Practice reading the following homophones:

Homophones are words (or combinations of words)

  • which sound the same, but are spelled differently and have different meanings: e.g. meet and meat, seen and scene.

  • There are some examples of one word sounding like a combination of words: e.g. heed and he’d.

  • Sometimes three words (or combinations of words) sound exactly the same: e.g. I’ll, isle and aisle.

    • scent – a distinctive smell, sent – the past tense of send

    • scene – the place where an event takes place, seen – the past tense of see

    • site – a piece of land, cite – to quote

    • session – the meeting of a court, cession – the act of ceding

    • scull – rowing motion, skull – head bone

    • sic – to set upon, sick- ill

    • sink – to submerge, synch – together in time

    • soared – to have sailed through the air, sword – long fighting blade

    • sucker – one who sucks, succor – relief

    • plum – purple fruit, plumb – straight up and down

    • profit – money earned, prophet – seer

    • bark – outer sheath of a tree, barque – square-rigged sailing ship

    • bloc – an alliance, block – square object

    • bold – brave, bowled – knocked over

    • boll – round seed pod, bowl – dish

    • borough – township, burrow – dig into the ground

    • bough – tree branch, bow – front of a ship, respectful bend

    • burger – meat sandwich, burgher – merchant

    • but – excepting, butt – the thick end

Ex. 9.16

Spot the homophones 1

isle / bard / beer / bored / caught / night / pale / cawed / chord / sly / died / dyer / cored/ dough / flawed / toed / pear / meal / floored / teas / knew / heard / soar / heal / lacks / lax / male / steer / we’ll / maize / might / slay / dead / stair / mite / breaks / knight / towed / dire / knit / weight / herd / seam / aisle / he’ll / nit / tees / new / pail / bier / board / barred / pare / doe / pair / rain court / bared / dyed / heel / reign / saw / mail / sore / I’ll / seem / maze / sleigh / stare / tease / toad / wait / wheel

Some of these words do not form pairs of homophones.

Ex. 9.17

Spot the homophones 2

In the following conversation a large number of words have been replaced by homophones. Spot where they have been used and decide how the words should be written.

- Lousy whether we’ve been having recently. (=Lousy weather…)

- We haven’t been having much son, that’s for shore. I got court in the reign this mourning and got wet threw.

- Me two. And how about that cold missed first thing? I went out bear headed to get sum fire-would and haven’t bean warm since. And my hands got quite saw as well. Really roar, they feel.

- I no watcher mean. I always get aches and panes in the winter. Anyway, weir off to get some son necks tweak. Weave booked a few daze in Singerpoor.

- Yes, I herd you had. Lucky yew! Still, I shouldn’t mown. We flue to Florida last cheer, witch was really nice, and it’s only fore weeks till we visit my sun and daughter-in lore in Roam. Haven’t scene them for rages. We only maid the booking yesterday, threw the internet. Mary’s already pact; she can’t weight.

- Well, tell her she won’t knead her fir coat any weigh.

- Rite. Oh Kay. Aisle sea you later.

- Buy. See ewe a round.

Some of the homophones show that this is fast, informal speech.

Ex. 9.18 Transcribe the following words:

Shop, fish, this, English, shot, three, cheese, something, thus, months, catch, through, that, child, chef, these, those, thirst, third, chop, shelf, anxious, trophy, scholarship, changes, England, machinery, gage, judge, science, echo, tongues, income, scheme.

Ex. 9.19 ( , track 15)

A In each line, identify the word that has a different first consonant sound. Read them first, then listen to the recording to check.

Example: friend priest physical philosophy

1

kettle

car

circle

catch

2

these

thank

think

thread

3

when

which

whose

where

4

church

choir

cheap

chart

5

plenty

prince

piano

pneumatic

6

number

know

moon

gnaw

B In each line, identify the word that has a different final consonant sound. Then listen to the recording to check.

1

picked

rubbed

fact

bought

2

dragged

road

dropped

hide

3

cough

safe

roof

of

4

packs

ox

begs

pats

5

lump

chasm

limb

name

6

sock

music

arch

ache

Ex. 9.20 Practice reading the following twisters:

  1. Have judgement not to judge this judgement judging by people’s judgement.

  2. Each child has much chance to become the champion of the match.

  3. This is a thick thimble.

  4. A handsome singer sang an exciting song in English.

TEST

I. Find the odd word in the line:

1. Guide, gas, general, glass, globe

2. Crimson, music, lens, always, research

3. Initiative, negotiate, transition, completion, station.

II. Explain assimilation(s) in the following words:

Cupboard, nice shoes, twice, try, sweet, plane, pray

III. Mark stresses:

heretical

Arabic

political

Chinese

attention

lunatic

IV. Transcribe the following words:

Psychiatrist, appointment, therapy, tranquilizer, medicinal, malaria, typhoid, hang gliding, windsurf, athletics, steeplechase, draughts, rink, oar, tournament.

  1. Revision and Consolidation Practice

Ex. 10.1 Practise the following poem, which illustrates the irregular spelling of English.

HINTS ON PRONUNCIATION FOR FOREIGNERS

I take it you already know

Of tough and bough and cough and dough?

Others may stumble but not you,

On hiccough, thorough, laugh and through

Well done! And now you wish, perhaps,

To learn of less familiar traps.

Beware of heard: a dreadful word

That looks like beard and sounds like bird.

And dead: it’s said like bed not bead

For goodness’ sake don’t call it deed.

Watch out for meat and great and threat

(They rhyme with suite and straight and debt!)

A moth is not a moth in mother;

Nor both in bother, broth in brother;

And here is not a match for there,

Nor dear and fear for bear and pear.

And then there’s dose and rose and lose

(Just look them up) and goose and choose,

And cork and work and card and ward,

And font and front and word and sword,

And do and go and thwart and cart



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