Поиск

Полнотекстовый поиск:
Где искать:
везде
только в названии
только в тексте
Выводить:
описание
слова в тексте
только заголовок

Рекомендуем ознакомиться

Остальные работы->Реферат
GIPSON, FREDERICK BENJAMIN (1908-1973). Frederick (Fred) Benjamin Gipson, author, was born on a farm near Mason, Texas, on February 7, 1908, the son o...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
It has been calculated that American kids see about 200, acts of violence and 25, murders on TV by the time they reach age 18. (Schleifer 18) Arrests ...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
The truth of the events themselves, does it lie towards the British account or the Indian pro nationalistic side, or could there be a certain amount o...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
Then I will move into the courts specifically. I will try to show how the courts work, how the justices go about choosing cases, hearing arguments, an...полностью>>

Главная > Реферат >Остальные работы

Сохрани ссылку в одной из сетей:

Buddhism Essay, Research Paper

Buddhism, founded in the late 6th century BC by Siddhartha Gautama (the Buddha),

is an important religion in most of the countries of Asia. Buddhism has come in

many different forms, but in each form there has been an attempt to draw from

the life experiences of the Buddha, his teachings, and the spirit or essence of

his teachings (called dharma) as models for the religious life. However, before

the writing of the Buaciha Charija (life of the Buddha) by Ashvaghosa in the 1st

or 2nd century AD, the members did not have a complete record of his life. The

Buddha was born in North India (appx. 570 BC) at a place called Lumbini, near

the Himalayan Foothills, and he began to teach around Benares (at Sarnath). His

era in general was one of spiritual, intellectual, and social ferment. This was

the time when the Hindu idea of giving up family and social life by holy people

seeking Truth first became widespread. Siddhartha Gautama was the warrior son of

a king and queen. According to the legend, at his birth, a person predicted that

he might become a renouncer (withdrawing from the temporal life). To prevent

this, his father gave him many luxuries and pleasures. But, as a young man, he

once went on a series of four chariot rides where he first saw the more severe

forms of human suffering: old age, illness, and death. The difference between

his life and human suffering made him realize that all the pleasures on earth

were short, or temporary, and could only hide human suffering. Leaving his wife

and new son (Rahula Fetter), he took on several teachers and tried to meditate

and worship in the forest until the point of near starvation. Finally, when he

realized that this too was only adding more suffering, he ate food and sat down

beneath a tree to meditate. By morning, he had attained Nirvana (enlightenment),

which gave him the answers to the causes of suffering and permanent release from

it. Now the Buddha began to teach others these truths out of understanding for

their suffering. The most important rules he taught included the Four Noble

Truths and Eight-Fold Path. His first Noble Truth is that life is suffering (dukkha).

The second Noble Truth is that craving for pleasures and for things to be as

they are not causing suffering. The third Noble Truth, states that suffering has

an end, and the fourth offers the means to that end which are the Eight-Fold

Path and the Middle Way. If someone follows this combined path he or she will

obtain Nirvana (Enlightenment), an indescribable state of all-knowing easily

understood awareness in which there is only peace and joy. The Eight-fold Path,

represented as a picture by an eight-spoked wheel (the Wheel of Dharma),

includes Right Views (the Four Noble Truths), Right Intention, Right Speech,

Right Action, Right Livelihood/Occupation, Right Endeavor, Right Mindfulness

(total concentration in activity), and Right Concentration (meditation). After

the Buddha’s death, his celibate followers slowly settled down into monasteries

that were paid for by the married followers as gifts. The monks then taught the

followers some of Buddha’s teachings. They also visited the Buddha’s birthplace;

worshiped the tree under which he became enlightened (a bodhi tree), built

Buddha-images in temples, and put the remains of his body in many burial mounds.

A famous king, named Ashoka, and his son helped to spread Buddhism through South

India and in Sri Lanka, in the Third Century BC. The Buddha?s followers built

many monastic schools. Around the First Century AD, a major split occurred

within the Buddhist fold, between the Mahayana and Hinayana branches. Of the

Hinayana branch of schools, only the Theravada school remains; it is currently

found in Sri Lanka and all Southeast Asian countries. This school stresses the

historical figure of Gautama Buddha, and the center of the monk’s lifestyle and

practice (meditation). Theravada monks hold that the Buddha taught a law of

anatta (no soul), when he spoke of the not long lasting of the human body and

form, perception, sensations and feelings, consciousness, and volition. They

believe that human beings continue to be reformed and reborn, and to collect

karma (the effects of moral action on the person who is the cause of the action)

until they reach Nirvana. The Mahayana (Greater Vehicle) branch of schools began

about the First Century AD; Mahayanists are found today mostly in Korea, China,

Japan, and Tibet. The three well-known schools are Pure Land, Chan or Len, and

Tantra. Mahayana schools stress that worshipers can also be good Buddhists. The

form of the historical Buddha was only one manifestation of Buddha Nature.

Mahayana speaks of many past and also future Buddha?s, some of who are

god-like and watch over Buddha-worlds or heavenly paradises. Especially

important are bodhisattvas, who are people who have reached the point of

Enlightenment, but turn around and take a vow to use their enlightenment,

compassion, wisdom, and power to help release others from their suffering.

Buddhism became virtually extinct in India (approximately Twelfth Century AD),

partly because of the ways of Hinduism, Muslim invasions, or too great a stress

on the monk’s way of life. However, it is still practiced in China, Japan and in

parts of Asia. As a religion, it has proved its possibility of living and

practical spirituality in the countries of Asia in which it is followed. The

many forms and practices that have been developed within the Buddhist fold have

allowed many different types of people to become Buddhists.

318


Загрузить файл

Похожие страницы:

  1. Buddishm Essay Research Paper Buddhism is one

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Buddishm Essay, Research Paper Buddhism is one of the major ... . A person named Siddharta Gautama founded Buddhism in India in about 500 BCE. Gautama was ... schools have developed after the founding of Buddhism. The two most common ...
  2. Buddhism Essay Research Paper Buddhism is the

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Buddhism Essay, Research Paper Buddhism is the religion of ... five followers, he soon founded an order of monks. ... he spoke in a language many people in India understood, Pali. In a country ... been a useful instrument in bringing Buddhism to many people. Throughout ...
  3. Buddhism Essay Research Paper Buddhism is one

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Buddhism Essay, Research Paper Buddhism is one of the biggest religion founded in India in the 6th and 5th ... the growth and development of Buddhism in general and this has occurred ... nor the Creator of Universe in Buddhism. Buddha is just an enlightened ...
  4. Buddism Essay Research Paper Buddism is of

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Buddism Essay, Research Paper Buddism is of the ... way to peace is. Buddhism was founded by a wealthy prince, ... Buddism in the West. Tantic combines both Theravada Buddism and Mahayana Buddism ... (a glimpse into enlightenment). In all Buddism is a search for peace ...
  5. Buddhism Essay Research Paper Buddhism is a

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Buddhism Essay, Research Paper Buddhism is a religion and philosophy founded by Siddhartha Gautama in northeast India ... Mantra"), Tantric Buddhism became prominent in India in the 7th century ... of a special form of Buddhism in Mongolia and Tibet. Wherever ...

Хочу больше похожих работ...

Generated in 0.001884937286377