Полнотекстовый поиск:
Где искать:
только в названии
только в тексте
слова в тексте
только заголовок

Рекомендуем ознакомиться

Остальные работы->Реферат
Shakespeare?s sonnets are arranged with three quatrains (4 lines) and a couplet ( lines). This development was sufficiently original for the form to b...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
In order to discuss Shakespeare’s play Julius Caesar intelligently you have to make up your mind about Caesar’s character, and Caesar’s threat to the ...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
It is the mean by reference to the two vices: the once of excess and the other of deficiency. It is, moreover, a mean because some vices exceed and fa...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
" To reveal the passage of time Shakespeare divides his sonnet into three quatrains with each quatrain creating a specific thought....полностью>>

Главная > Реферат >Остальные работы

Сохрани ссылку в одной из сетей:

Good Ancestors Like Dandelions Essay, Research Paper

Urban sprawl is not a new phenomenon, and the battle between environmentalists and

developers is well-known. But perhaps the issue is not that the land is being utterly

stripped of life and replaced by cookie cutter houses or factories, which has been a

controversy for decades. Perhaps the fighting has exposed a deeper problem: the

American acceptance of a false outside, seen through lawns that mimic interiors.

People often perceive that any green space is nature. As Michael Ventura says,

?America is form opposed to content? (216). Contractors leave some existing trees on

lots not because it may be costly to remove them but because those trees also serve as

a selling feature for the houses built between. Most people would rather spend their

weekends at an official, regulated and landscaped park rather than hiking through some

un-named forest track. While there is the standard human desire for new experiences,

people often are only willing to try pre-tested experiences. Even when one realizes the

societal manipulation, it still seems difficult to jump over the railings and really cut a new


So if people are aware that they?re being led by the nose through a sterile,

pre-chewed and mocked-up environment, why don?t they respond? Here?s why: People

are simply cannot deal with vast expanses of “nothing.” Afterall, it is more or less the

American motto to ?tame? the wilderness, to take what the land has to offer and use it to

better the standard of human living. Just ?being there,? a more Eastern philosophy,

seems only a waste of both money and resources to American thinking. The court

system has even ruled several times along the lines that a ?loss of open space amounts

to an insignificant impact? to dissuade new housing developments (?Preservation

Groups Lose Favor?). The planet alone has been deemed worthless without us, a belief

which already ties in nicely with some Western religious rationalization, for ?the ease of

human interface, comfort of use, the accuracy of human perception? (Viola 226).

Even the National Park Service doesn’t seem to seem to be championing the

planet to simply safeguard natural ecospheres (?Mission Statement?). They state:

Government has always had an interest in the

development of [American] land in a beneficial, efficient,

and aesthetically pleasing manner. Since these variables

are highly subjective, land use law, which covers

environmental takings and zoning issues, are among the

most contentious issues facing local, state, and federal


They preserve the land as it is because it will serve them in some function, that of some

obscure goal of outside recreation for the people. Our ?recreation? truely is based on

?re-creation,? as Ventura points out (216). The noble act is revealed as a selfish one,

something that will ensure their remembrance as ?good ancestors.? They wish to please

as many people as possible, marketing the land to satisfy expectations.

However, ?safe, clean and aesthetically-pleasing? is not natural nature. Powerful

storms become ?natural disasters? to our eyes, and weather is judged ?inclement? based

on our perceptions. And those perceptions are not just the normal range of senses

dictated by species, but are directly affected by the environment. The senses are

heightened or dulled depending on dangers encountered in daily life, and the more one

is shielded from the environment, the less one is prepared to handle it when it changes

suddenly. A person living in a so-called under-developed country more easily accepts

local phenomena – such as sand storms or tsunamis – than someone caught off-guard

by an earthquake in a city. A resident of Florida posted desperate pleas on the Family

Gardening message board, under the thread of ?How do I get the sand out of my lawn?

HELP!? after one particularly heavy rain (?Message Posting?). The trouble just seems to

come with the territory, yet fifteen concerned replies did follow, explaining just how to

remove the foreign matter from the sacred backyard. ?What is real,? Viola suggests, ?is

what is psychologically meaningful? (229). People now look at the stripped-down

ecospheres surrounding their dwellings as an extension of their property: something that

is owned and must be used.

Artificial images do not portray reality accurately, as ?they aspire to be the image

and not the object? (Viola 226). We know that crabgrass and dandelions exist, but

lawn-owners insist that such defects shouldn?t. Lawns are worse than simply a

photograph–which, if manipulated, is still an image. On the other hand, a lawn is

actually a three-dimensional space that we can enter, observe from all angles, drive by

and judge the proficiency of weed-whacking. The introduction to a lawn care website

sums it up best:

There’s nothing like a lawn. Large or small, lawns are the

irreplaceable pieces of American life. Our lawns are the

welcome mats to our homes. They present our best face

to visitors and neighbors, frame our houses, cradle our

children, connect our property to our neighbor’s but also

serve as friendly boundaries (?Site Entrance?).

That opening alone can convey more patriotism than the monuments of the entire East

Coast. The startling aspect of that passage, though, is that it functions on a much more

personal level than official tourist attractions, putting the pressure on the home-owners.

A good friend of mine for the past nine years comes from such a family. At any

time, I could find her deeply engaged in lawn care chores, ranging from the simple task

of mowing to the raking of leaves to the fertilization of carefully arranged flowers. She

did not enjoy wasting away her free time with such work, but she never complained, not

even to me as I hung out in her room playing video games until she was eventually

through. The reason for her lack of protest was that it was required and expected in her

neighborhood to tend yards in a certain way, giving a uniform appearance to the blocks

and blocks of expensive but uninspired homes. I?m so grateful to have never have lived

in a sub-division of any kind–though I can see what the housing developers had in mind

when they implanted this brain-washing into their customers. Such regulations are

needed to ensure a certain status quo; home-owners aren?t just buying a building to live

in–they?re buying into the neighborhood. All you need is one spirited but

artistically-untraditional individual–say for instance, someone like me–to lower the

surrounding property values with a non-conventional treatment outside the house. With

the mass-production of subdivisions today, the neighborhood?s ?personality? must be

pre-fabricated, and the neighbors depend on each other to upkeep the illusion. Instead

of the residents individually defining their living space (as was the case before the

1950?s), the community image is dictated by committee.

Just as Michael Ventura argues that Americans have lost a sense of history to a

vague nostalgia, maybe people have also have lost their connection to the real

landscape, which leads toward that loss of history. Respect for the land is not

wide-spread in America–perhaps because we have so much to spare. Conversely, the

more Eastern philosophy probably derives from the fact that space is a commodity

there. Just as lawns speak for American views, bonzai can easily represent the

opposite. The art of bonzai does not seek to contort nature into human perceptions. It’s

main purpose is to thoughtfully imitate the larger theme. Instead of bringing the entire

surrounding environment “down to our level,” bonzai helps the viewer realize the

enormity of real nature. While the typical American scurries around trying to meet the

least common denominator in their lawn?s appearance, there still remains some artistic

expression in the world that can coincide nature without infringing upon it.

Bill Viola, too, looks for the residual human presence in the vast expanses of

nature, just as he finds the residue of nature in the urban non-places of parking lots.

Nature and civilization are not essentially oppositions to face off, one against the other,

in predictable bouts of logic. Rather, one is contained within the other, sometimes

hidden. However, Ventura also says that ?we have stripped the very face of America of

any content, and reality, concentrating only as its power as image? (216). Landscape,

therefore, conceals as much as it shows. While most of us cannot install a self-sufficient

forest preserve on the small plots of our ?property,? it is up to us to ensure that the

image is the only nature left in the end. Good ancestors don?t dictate what their

descendants should see.


?Message Posting.? Family Gardening Web Site Forum. 22 Nov. 1999. 24 Nov. 1999

?Mission Statement.? National Park Service Webpage. 1 Dec. 1999

?Preservation Groups Lose Favor.? PAW Archives. 13 Jan. 1995. 29 Nov. 1999

?Site Entrance.? Meiyger Lawn Care & Products. 15 Aug. 1999. 29 Nov. 1999

Ventura, Michael. ?Report From El Dorado.? Vision and Revision: A Reader for Writers

(Second Edition). Acton: Copley Custom Publishing Group, 1998. 211-23.

Viola, Bill. ?The Visionary Landscape of Perception.? Vision and Revision: A Reader for

Writers (Second Edition). Acton: Copley Custom Publishing Group, 1998. 224-29.

Загрузить файл

Похожие страницы:

  1. Look Who

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    ... Lynn, and that her ancestors were Blumenthals from Poland.Christopher ... good friend – ‘Having him for a friend during bad times is like ... he knows that Peter would look after their daughter, Antonia ... on about thankless subjects like Cyprus or Northern Ireland; ...
  2. Good And Evil Moby Dick Essay Research

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    ... and Ahab show distinction between good and evil through the treatment ... about wanting to be buried like his ancestors, floating down a river in ... is an expression of his good qualities is in chapter 29 ... such as the forces between good and evil. It is demonstrated ...
  3. Good Stuff Essay Research Paper The universe

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    ... . As it expands, it becomes less dense and cools. The most ... : quarks, electrons, photons, neutrinos and less familiar types. These particles smash ... expand their ranges. Our earliest ancestors evolve in Africa from a line ...
  4. Joy Luck Club Essay Research Paper When

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    ... imagined. The Joy Luck Club provides the gateway into a look at the mysteries ... is their reverence for their ancestors. Ancestors are honored, respected, praised, and ... experience severe vengeance from the ancestors for causing her mother?s suicidal ...
  5. Critical Essays By Amy Lowell Essay Research

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    ... ? That seems to me a good deal like asking: Why should one eat ... ancestors were as much interested in these things as we are. Like ... side of a heart is a good deal like the other side provided it ... . It is not only good poetry, but good dog. Mr. Monro’s work ...

Хочу больше похожих работ...

Generated in 0.0017352104187012