Поиск

Полнотекстовый поиск:
Где искать:
везде
только в названии
только в тексте
Выводить:
описание
слова в тексте
только заголовок

Рекомендуем ознакомиться

Остальные работы->Реферат
Microsoft has remained at the top of the personal computer industry. It is the bar that other companies in their field must measure up to. The strong ...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
The California population is over fifty thousand. The southern American species is a large sea lion found in the southern half of the continent coloni...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
Poetry is a response to the world in which we live. Many poets are, and have been, convinced that the modern world is a terrifying place in which to l...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
Nickel is one of the most important elements on the periodic table. It has plenty of history, as well as a huge importance to society. Its has unique ...полностью>>

Главная > Реферат >Остальные работы

Сохрани ссылку в одной из сетей:

Fundamental Orders Of Connecticut – First Constitutiuon Essay, Research Paper

Fundamental Orders of

Connecticut (1639)

Direct Democracy. . .A New Beginning

In search of more fertile land and greater political and religious

freedom, English settlers left the Massachusetts Bay Colony in the

1630’s and established three settlements along the banks of the

Connecticut River: Windsor, Wethersfield, and Hartford. These

Puritan (Congregationalist) settlements formed the core of the

Connecticut Colony.

In 1638, Reverend Thomas Hooker, chief founder of Hartford,

preached a powerful sermon urging settlers to take a more active role

in governing themselves than they had in the Bay Colony. He boldly

proclaimed that the authority to govern lies “firstly, in the free consent

of the people. . .As God has given us liberty, let us take it.”

Inspired by Hooker’s vision, the Connecticut Colony adopted a set of

Fundamental Orders in 1639. It stands as the first known written

constitution embodying the principle of self-government, recognizing

the right of the people both to vote directly for their officials and to

limit their powers.

Even though “the people” did not mean everyone–only “Godly adult

males who owned property” could vote–the adoption of these Orders

marked the beginning of representative government in Connecticut

and embodied the spirit of constitutionalism so basic to American

democracy.

Because of this unique early history, Connecticut came to be called

“The Constitution State.”

***********

The Mayflower Compact served as a model for the other small New

England colonies. Roger Williams and his followers, who dissented

from the strict Puritanism of Massachusetts, fled that colony in

search of greater religious freedom and founded Providence (later

Rhode Island) on the basis of a mutual compact. Three years later

the

Connecticut River towns of Hartford, Windsor and Wetherfield joined

together to create a government patterned after that of

Massachusetts.

The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut provided for a governor,

deputy

governor and magistrates to meet with an assembly, or general court,

elected by the people. The general court not only possessed all

lawmaking authority, but stood supreme over the governor. By far the

most ambitious of all the compacts, the Fundamental Orders

resembled

in many ways a modern constitution, setting out a particular scheme

of

government and defining the powers and authority of its components.

But where a true constitution is superior to the agencies it

establishes, and can only be amended by the people, the Connecticut

assembly could, on its own, amend the Fundamental Orders. Not

until

much later would the Americans distinguish between a supreme

organic

law and ordinary legislative enactments.


Похожие страницы:

  1. Fundamental Orders Of Connecticut Essay Research Paper

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Fundamental Orders Of Connecticut Essay, Research Paper Fundamental Orders of Connecticut The British North American colonies ... and popular sovereignty. Because of this, the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut was a blueprint for the ...
  2. Background And Emergence Of Democracy In The

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    ... England town meetings, and the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut were all early stepping stones ... all governmental organizations. Paragraph nine of the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut (1639), known as the ...
  3. Road To Democracy Essay Research Paper Beginning

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    ... England town meetings, and the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut were all early stepping-stones ... assembly. The Virginia House of Burgesses, the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, New England Town Meetings ...
  4. Thirteen Colonies Essay Research Paper Do you

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    ... a charter for a colony East of Connecticut called Rhode Island. It soon ... turned completely independent of Massachusetts in 1679. Connecticut South of Massachusetts was ... a colony. They made the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut. Delaware In 1631 the first ...
  5. Covenanted Governments Essay Research Paper The covenant

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    ... the New World was the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut. This document was closely related ... fundamental Orders and the Mayflower Compact are very distinct from the Articles of ... , solitary, poor, and brutish . The fundamental difference here is that Hobbes ...

Хочу больше похожих работ...