The purpose of
the Russian Revolution was to fix problems from Czar Nicholas II. The
purpose of the Animal Farm Revolution was to make life better for all
the animals. However, both revolutions made life worse afterwards.
All of the
characters in Animal Farm have counterparts in real life. This book
was based on the Russian Revolution, and all the important populace
of the revolution are symbolized. Some of the animals represent
individuals in the Russian Revolution, and some types of animals
represent different types of Russian citizens.
closely resembles Czar Nicholas II. The animal rebellion on the farm
was started because Mr. Jones was a drunk who never took care of his
animals. This made his animals very angry. Fed by the words of Old
Major the animals decided to rebel like the Russians. Czar Nicholas
II was a very weak man who treated his people similar to how Mr.
Jones treated his animals. Czar made his working class people very
uneasy with the way he used his authority and preached all the time,
and the people suffered and finally demanded reform by rebelling.
closely resembles Karl Marx and V.I Lenin. Old Major resembles Karl
Marx because, like the political thinker, Major brought about and
created the idea of Communism, or ‘Animalism’, the Animal Farm
version of this system of thought. In a way, Major is associated with
V.I Lenin of the Russian Revolution, the opportunist who brought and
initiated the communist way of life on this land when it needed a new
system-of-thought to help it’s troubled economy and the way-of-life
it’s people were forced to live out every day.
resembles Leon Trotsky. Snowball believed 100% of Old Major’s
wanted all the
things Old Major wanted, such as the welfare of the animals. Leon
Trotsky believed and wanted
the same things
as V.I Lenin, and wanted to continue what Lenin had started.
resembles Joseph Stalin. Napoleon was selfish and greedy. He did not
want to share the power or the decision making with any other
individual. At first Napoleon and Snowball shared the decision making
and had debates about what course of action they would take. This
worked for a while. Then Napoleon grew weary of long debates, and he
thought he could make his decision by himself. He then forced
Snowball out of the farm and started to spread lies about Snowball to
get the entire farm against him. Joseph Stalin did the same thing
against Leon Trotsky. Stalin forced Trotsky into hiding in Mexico,
where Trotsky was eventually assassinated. Both Stalin and Napoleon
ruined any hopes of equal and fair government and instead, set up
resembles the Propaganda Department of V.I Lenin’s government.
Squealer did not make the decisions in the government, but acted more
like the controlled media as in the Russian government. Squealer’s
job was to influence the people by exaggerating and re-writing
history and sometimes even telling outright plain lies. The animals
would listen to squealer, and Squealer would always listen to
Napoleon. The Department would use any lie to convince the people to
follow Joseph Stalin, and the Department benefited from the fact that
education was controlled.
The dogs closely
resemble the Secret Police (KGB). The dogs were Napoleon’s private
army that used fear to force the animals to work. The dogs would kill
or intimidate any opponent of Napoleon. The dogs were part of
Napoleon’s strategy to control the rest of the animals. The Secret
Police (KGB) was not really police, but they forced support for
Joseph Stalin. KGB used force, and they often killed entire families
for disobedience. KGB was extremely loyal to their master.
resembles the vain, and selfish people in Russia and the world.
Mollie only cared about
her ribbons, and
wasn’t much of a thinker. All Mollie wanted was to eat sugar, and
look pretty. Some of the
people in Russia
and the world just didn’t care about the Russian Revolution. They
only thought about themselves and went to other countries that
offered more to them.
I believe Boxer
represents all the people in Russia. The poverty stricken, the
homeless, who still work
hard in order to
make the system of Communism or Animalism work. Boxer is the
representation of workers who are pushed around, who are taken for
all they are worth, and who are left for dead.
donkey closely resembles the skeptical people in Russia and outside
of Russia. Benjamin was a critic who always said “I’ve seen that
before” and “It’ll never work.” The skeptical people were not
sure that the Russian Revolution would change anything.
closely resembles Communism. Animalism is a system that says there
are no owners. There are no rich and no poor. Workers get a better
life and all the animals are equal. Every animal owns the farm.
Communism is a system that says there are no owners. There are no
rich and no poor. All people are equal, and the governments own
everything, but the people own the governments.
The animals of
“Manor Farm” overthrow their human master after many years of
mistreatment. The animals learn how to read and write. Then the
animals change “Manor Farm” to “Animal Farm.” The animals
came up with 7 commandments and they are:
goes upon two legs is an enemy.”
goes upon four legs, or has wings, is a friend.”
3. “No animal
shall wear clothes.”
4. “No animal
shall sleep in a bed.”
5. “No animal
shall drink alcohol.”
6. “No animal
shall kill any other animal.”
animals are equal.”
Then they decide
to build a windmill. Led by the pigs, the farm animals continue to do
their work, only with more pride, knowing that they are working for
themselves, as opposed to working for their human master, Mr. Jones.
Slowly over time the pigs gain power and take advantage of the other
animals. The pigs gain so much power that they become just as power
hungry and corrupt as their human master.
All through the
story, Napoleon messes up and breaks some of the commandments, but he
knowing. He changed commandments 4, 5, 6, and 7 to:
4. “No animal
shall sleep in a bed with sheets.”
5. “No animal
shall drink alcohol to excess.”
6. “No animal
shall kill another animal without cause.”
animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others.”
acted as message carriers, spreading propaganda between farms. The
pigeons spread Napoleon’s words from farm to farm, or in actual
Russian Revolution, country to country.
In the end of
George Orwell’s tale, Animal Farm is much worse a place for the
common animals than it had been previous to the revolution. The food
was scarce, and the leadership was harsh and unruly. The workload was
hard, and the conditions of life for the common animals had changed
for the worse. The pigs, the leaders of Animal Farm, celebrate their
victory and their entrance into high-society. The lowly other animals
still left on the farm, look on. George Orwell has created a
masterpiece, which is excellent if it is without any prior knowledge
to the Russian Revolution. This book does an excellent job of drawing
parallels from the situation leading up to the Russian Revolution of
1917. I think Orwell is a genius because he has cleverly hidden the
satire in such a way that everything fits into the picture like a
Comparison of characters to Russian Revolution. 1999.
http://www.globalserve.net/~glamont/afrmruss.html 6-1-99 8:02pm
“Stalin, Joseph.” New Standard Encyclopedia 1930ed.
“History.” The World Book Encyclopedia 1999ed.
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