What Does It Mean To Be Moral Essay,
What does it
mean to be moral?
Our morality is
used every day in every situation and decision we make. Morality is
very much a part of who you are. To be a person who is moral you know
what is right and wrong on your own.
To be moral is
to be able to tell the right from wrong. There is no universal right
and wrong because everyone develops their own ego. According to Freud
we have three different components: The Id, the Super ego, and the
Ego. Your id is the animal in you it s your instinctual drives. The
super ego is a borrowed conscience from our parents, peers and media
that is only temporary. The ego is your own version if the super ego,
you need to control the id and critique the super ego. Someone with a
good strong ego or conscience is very moral; they are most likely to
do the right regardless of the consequences. Jean Piaget said there
were two stages in our moral development, our heteronomous stage and
our autonomous stage. In the heteronomous stage we determine the
right and wrong from the rules and laws not really knowing why it is
wrong or not. Autonomous is automatically doing the right thing
regardless of your own consequences. If you were a person who
operated on the autonomous stage would always be the one who did the
right thing even if they were going to get in trouble. Another person
who studied moral development was Lawrence Kohlberg. Lawrence
Kohlberg came up with the six stages of our moral development. The
six stages are Fear of punishment, desire for reward, desire to be
liked, law and order, social contract, and universal principals.
Someone who operates at level one will make their decisions based on
trying not to get punished. Someone at level two bases their
decisions on what they would get in return. At stage three you make
your decisions on what the group thinks and says. Stage four makes
decisions because they are simply against the law they don t fully
understand why it s wrong. Stage five you base decisions on what is
the common good for the whole group. The sixth and highest level is
characterized by total selflessness and they do what is right always.
A moral person
can differentiate between right and wrong. Everyone s conscience is
different. We all operate on different levels, but we are all moral
because we have that ability.
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