Japanese sculptures served as
fertility figures, but sexual characteristics are usually absent.
Japanese sculptures create a sense of life and movement. They are
usually of someone in a meditative position. Buddhism is a strong
factor throughout Japanese art. The portrayals of Buddha in different
forms as well as Bodhisattvas are also a part of Japanese art. Demons
and devils are shown in Buddhist images not only to warn against the
dangers of evil conduct, but also to give a sense of their legitimate
place in the fabric of natural and supernatural life, which is
important to Japanese beliefs. Most of the art in the Metropolitan
Museum of art showed the life of Buddha and had a great sense of
spirituality. The influence of Zen brought about ink landscapes which
Japanese artists are known for.
relies on harmonious balance. During the Bronze Age Chinese artists
were concerned with securing immortality and safe passage to the
after life. Lavish tombs were erected which shows they believed in an
afterlife. It is clear from inscriptions found on animal bones and
bronze vessels that the rules were deeply concerned with ensuring
their immortality. They practiced a complex system of ancestor
worship that included offerings at temples. Buddhism also plays a
major role in Chinese art. Art was based on sacred stories.
The art of India
is concerned with the resolution of the central paradox of all
existence. There is a conceptual view expressed in art, which divides
the universe into three elements, the senses, the emotions and the
spirit. Indian artists transform the feminine form into a perennial
mystery of sex and creativity. The light, shade, composition and
volume in Indian painting are used to glorify the mystery that
resolves the conflict between life, death, time and eternity. Islam,
one predominant religion in India forbids representation of the human
figure in religious contexts, which lead to geometric patterns.
thought artists were introverts with excessive instinctual urges and
were unable to come to terms with the demands of practical reality.
Freud’s concept of art was as a compensation for lost time and
happiness. He felt the artist creates a world of fantasy in which he
can fulfill his unconscious wishes. The artist differs from the
dreamer in that he is able to find a way back to reality in his
creation. Freud says the artist achieves the conversion of his
unrealistic demands into aims that are realizable by the power of
sublimation. This is a kind of defense mechanism saves the artist
from punishment or illness, but it also confines the artist to a
fictitious world. Surrealism celebrates the realm of dreams and the
unconscious mind. Surrealists appreciated Freud’s distinction
between the ego and the id or our primal instincts (desires) and our
rational patterns of behavior. Our primal instincts or urges are
repressed into the unconscious part of our minds. Surrealists wanted
to gain access to that unconscious part of our mind so they invented
new art forms and techniques. Surrealist painters used realistic
representations, but juxtapose objects and images in irrational ways.
Surrealists were also interested in mythology, which according to
Freud revealed psychological fixations and desires that are in
everyone. Mythology has a great importance placed on non-Western
cultures and it was believe that non-Western cultures were more in
tune with nature and primal forces. We see this use of the visual
language of classical mythology in Salvador Dali’s Leda Atomica.
Dali’s works have connections between art and science and are
reinforced by the link between physics and religion. Dali shifted his
artwork to Christian iconography. In the Madonna of Port Lligat we
see the Christ child floating in the chest of the Madonna which is
reminiscent of the view through a building in one of Raphael’s
works. Many surrealists however, stayed away from religion. Modern
art was considered to cause
... , Its Culture Essay, ResearchPaperJapanese Assignment Geographical Setting ... art, homemaking, the japanese language, mathematics, moral education, music, physical education, science and ... the Inu people. Religonand Asthetics Religonand other belief systems ...
Japan: ReligionEssay, ResearchPaper JAPAN: RELIGION BUDDHISM Buddhism is the Japanesereligion that comes closest to ... Buddhism, which stressed ritual andart as well as doctrines. ... line be drawn between government andreligion. The great religious shrines ...
... Views And Ideas Essay, ResearchPaper INTRODUCTION ... perception, and talents for artand science. ... Spanish, American andJapanese invaders of ... and drinks, community life, government and laws, language and literature, religion, customs and traditions and arts and ...
Buddhism And Sidhartha Essay, ResearchPaper Buddhism Buddhism Buddhism, one of ... represents a movement within the Buddhist religion that stresses the practice of ... its own unique spirit into Japaneseartand culture. The heart of Zen ...
... Art Of Influence Essay, ResearchPaper THE ART OF INFLUENCE; Africa And Its’ Influence On Western Art ... of geometric abstraction, and religious orientation. Religion was at most ... for primitive painters and for Japaneseand Egyptian art. After his exposure ...