Поиск

Полнотекстовый поиск:
Где искать:
везде
только в названии
только в тексте
Выводить:
описание
слова в тексте
только заголовок

Рекомендуем ознакомиться

Остальные работы->Реферат
At Ford Motor Company, we have a passion for Better Ideas. Whether pushing the limits of technology and design, or bringing people together within a c...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
Price discrimination takes place when a seller charges competing buyers different prices for the same commodity or discriminating in the provision of ...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
All readers are bound to be grateful to him for that. He is no Pater and he is no Joyce. Clichés and banalities he knows, have their valued uses in ma...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
Everyone receives guidance from the many people they encounter throughout life. Probably most people have also been a guide for someone else somewhere...полностью>>

Главная > Реферат >Остальные работы

Сохрани ссылку в одной из сетей:

Deborah Tannen Essay Essay, Research Paper

In contemporary society biological factors are no longer the sole components that distinguish men and women. Rather anything from clothing or hairstyles to make-up or accessories can indicate specific messages about an individual. According to Deborah Tannen, women are more frequently considered marked beings in our society while men have fewer clothing or style options and are therefore free to remain unmarked. Although Tannen argues that it is possible for men to remain purely “unmarked” her assertions do not hold up well in a changing world. Because the term “marked” is a social construction, it is not possible to remain completely unmarked, as styles and trends repeatedly change with different ages, generations, and geographic locations.

In her study Tannen reveals that among four women and eight men present during a business meeting the women had several more features to observe compared to one another. However, Tannen’s conclusions seem partially invalid for her findings are based on only one particular event. In a business-like environment, it is more likely to find conservatively dressed men with less notable markings than women. Even though women may not only be identified based on their apparent style but also how they choose to present themselves. (i.e. Baggy clothes vs. tight clothes, make-up vs. no makeup). In general, Tannen’s findings appear questionable mainly because her approach when defining a “marked” individual seems limiting. For example, Tannen would call a man wearing a shirt a marked individual. However, it is quite common for men in Scotland to wear skirts. Without ever considering these geographic differences, Tannen makes bold assumptions based on her own biases.

When speculating a specific sub-culture such as the generational “rave”/dance culture, Tannen’s argument holds no validity. Clearly both men and women in this culture wear similar styles of clothing and accessories that are in essence, uni-sex. While piercings and jewelry might “mark” a man in society such stylistic choices are considered quite common and acceptable among “ravers”. Similarly women who wear baggy clothes and baseball caps are not “marked” as less feminine than those who wear tighter clothes and make-up within this sub-culture are.

According to Tannen, “each of the women at the conference had to make decisions about hair, clothing, make-up and accessories and each decision carried meaning . men can choose style that are marked but they don’t have to, and in this group none did.” (231-2). Although Tannen makes the distinction between the style of men and women at a business conference, she fails to mention that their age and field of work influences what should be “marked vs. unmarked” and what styles appear appropriate vs. inappropriately. Clearly, Tannen states that all four women are marked yet some are considered more severely marked and judged than others are. Specifically, the women with the long, blond, hair, dressed in tight clothing and heels were more severely marked in Tannen’s eyes. However, Tannen never mentions that in another profession, such as the entertainment or fashion industry, the women style might be considerable less marked than an individual dressed more simple and conservatively.

In conclusion, the assumptions that Tannen makes in her article infer that men in society can remain unmarked. Although men are objectified and sexualized less than women this does not mean that they are not in the public eye. Tannen’s view on today’s “marked” society is based truly on her opinion. She omits geographical, generational and age differences when making her conclusion.


Похожие страницы:

  1. Усні теми з англійської мови

    Сочинение >> Иностранный язык
    ... is secret. Then the voter casts his ballot- paper in the ballot box ... grounds, swimming pools, football fields in each town. Practically all kinds of sports ... : to differ ['difa] — відрізнятися penicillin [peni'silin] — пеніцилін research [ri's3 ...
  2. Language Learning and Teaching

    Реферат >> Иностранный язык
    ... in a context of valuing and prizing each individual in the group. In such a sur­rounding, each ... traditional, analytic, paper-and-pencil tests ... , cautiously, that paper-and-pencil self- ... research of linguists like Janet Holmes, Robin Lakoff, and Deborah Tannen ...
  3. Краткая грамматика английского языка Долгина Е.А

    Реферат >> Астрономия
    ... I bought a paper, (a newspaper) — I bought some paper, (material for ... visitor) e) Bed, town. These nouns differ in terms of article determination ... a subject of scholarly research and discussion. It ... something different. In the sentence each/each of functions ...
  4. Домашняя работа по английскому языку за 9 класс

    Закон >> Иностранный язык
    ... sometimes also differ. Most of ... kind to each other. This ... wash them under the tap, then put them in a ... in Russia. We have important achievements in science and technology, especially in space research ... food, cotton, tobacco, paper. 5. Какие товары, произведенные ...
  5. Great Britain (4)

    Реферат >> Иностранный язык
    ... the Strait of Dover [`douvз] in the south and ... up with committee work, research, preparing speeches and ... paper devote equal amount of attention to sport. The difference between them ... people living in each household | in Britain is lower than in most other ...
  6. Language World Picture and National-Cultural Specificities in Oral and Written Text

    Реферат >> Иностранный язык
    ... research) -systematization of information -method of contextual and conceptual analysis The paper ... background: «In each language there is put in pawn a outlook. Each language describes ... Peoples’ ideas of time differ across languages in other ways. For example ...

Хочу больше похожих работ...