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George Orwell?S 1984 Essay, Research Paper
In this following essay from George Orwell’s 1984, you can expect to see that Big
Brother is in many ways similar to numerous dictators, both past and present. As you read, you
will be able to see the comparisons to Adolf Hitler, Nicolae Ceausescu and _______.
1984 by George Orwell is a story of a man’s struggle against a totalitarianstic government
that controls the ideas and thoughts of its citizens. They use advanced mind reading techniques to
discover the thoughts of the people and punish those who show signs of rebellion against the
government. The novel is supposed to be a prophetic story, however, it was somewhat wrong in
the date. Although some of the things described in the book are going on today, several things are
not going to happen for some time to come.
I believe that Orwell’s purpose for writing 1984 was to express his feelings of how the
governments would come to control everything and anything it wished to do. It is also possible
that he wanted t tell of how mind control and torture techniques could be used to make an
individual or an entire nation do what the government wanted.
In his novel Orwell used the image of a man who stood in a shadow that covered his face.
This was to make him animas and unrecognizable. The figure was called “Big Brother” and this
figure was placed on posters and put all over the place with the saying, “BIG BROTHER IS
WATCHING YOU.” This was used to let the people know that no matter where they go the
could not escape the watching eyes of the controlling government.
The government itself was very mysterious and had several parts that were very suspicious
to the main character, Winston, who worked in one part of the government. It was divided up into
four parts. The Ministry of Truth, where Winston worked, was in charge of education and the
arts. The Ministry of Peace, which was in command of war. The Ministry of plenty, which
controlled economic affairs. And finally the Ministry of Love, which concerned itself with law and
Orwell also uses description of technology to show how the government controlled it’s
citizens. He constantly refers to telescreens that are in all areas and even in peoples homes. They
have been placed there by the government in order to see what is being said and discussed by the
citizens. He also tells of an occurrence that happens everyday called, “The Two Minutes Hate.”
This event happens everyday at a specified time in which people assembled in front of a large
telescreen where they were show pictures of terrible events in their history and then the face of a
man who is their equivalent to Adolf Hitler. The mans name was Emmanual Goldstein and was
considered an enemy of the people. The assembled people go through several different reactions,
some boo him, others scream and become violent. I feel that George Orwell accomplished his goal
of telling how he viewed the world of the future. He used excellent description of places, events
and people that I can’t even attempt to repeat. He used the prospective of several different people
through Winston’s interaction of them, and their discussions. He also used his imagination
extremely well to describe the technology that is used to control the people of the world. Even
today we are making things that Orwell described like the telescreens. He also used comparisons
of the real world to the world of his story. The image of Emmanual Goldstein was an excellent
likeness to Hitler. Along with the large numbers of countries that join together to form an alliance
for a common good, similar to the United Nations or NATO. It is in this way that we can better
understand what the author was saying and the idea that he wanted to convey.
Big Brother was also very similar to the totalitarian, Nicolae Ceausescu. Both of these
dictators were highly digusted by the people of that nation. Big Brother and Ceausescu both
agreed with the Macheavellian theory in which you have to do whatever it takes to become or in
this case, remain, as powerful as you can be.
One other example of Big Brother would be ___________. They believed that one makes
a revolution in order to establish a dictatorship. They presented this and therefore believed that if
there was much havoc going on amongst them, then the people would constantly be depending
upon that leader. They end up giving him enough power by their trust that this leader soon
becomes a dictator.
George Orwell’s 1984 Orwell envisions a world devastated by war and poverty, where the West
has fallen under the spell of a totalitarian socialist dictator, Big Brother. A political revolutionary
and religious cult leader all rolled into one, Big Brother’s power and is so immense that one may
wonder if he even exists at all. Big Brother’s Ingsoc Party has perfected the uses of big technology
to monitor the lives of its people, and to insure loyalty through surveillance, propaganda and
brainwashing. The governments most brilliant project is the actual deconstruction of the English
language into Newspeak, the language of the Party. Each edition of the Newspeak Dictionary has
fewer words than its predecessor. By removing meaning from the vocabulary, the government
hopes to get rid of anti-social thinking before it even has the chance to enter a persons mind.
Without the vocabulary for revolution, there cannot be a revolution. For those who persist in
thinking for themselves, so-called Thought Criminals, the Thought Police, are there to intervene,
imprisoning the free-thinkers in the Ministry of Love, where they will be re-educated, and beaten
so that they will supposedly see who is in power. Winston Smith, the protagonist of Orwell’s
novel, becomes a Thought Criminal. His job is to actually rewrite the archives of the London
Times so that they are consistent with current Ingsoc policy. When Ingsoc changes its political
alliance with another superpower and begins waging war on a former partner, Winston’s job is to
rewrite all the prior information to show that the old alliance never existed. So confused are the
minds of the people he meets that they don’t even realize that these changes have been made. A
sad, lonely man, Winston is also smart enough to understand the manipulation being carried out
on the society. He becomes a willing victim of the government’s most ingenious trick: Winston
obtains a copy of a banned revolutionary essay by the famous enemy of the State, Goldstein.
Excited and inspired by what he reads, he pursues a love affair with a co-worker, Julia, and seems
to find an ally in the person of Inner Party official O’Brien. Longing for an escape from this
terrible world to a better life, he does not realize that everything has been a set-up. O’Brien is
actually the head of the Thought Police, and it is he who has actually written Goldstein’s book for
the very purpose of luring potential revolutionaries out of the closet and into the dreaded Room
101 – a torture chamber where one’s worst fears are made real. This book’s salient quality was its
ingenuity and cleverness. Everything was so interesting and somewhat twisted that you had to
know what fascinating things will be coming in the future of the book. And obviously the only
way to do this was to read on. An example of the creativeness of the book is the idea of room
101. When Winston was captured by the thought police and put into room 101, rats were released
on his face and that caused him to betray Julia by saying that she should receive that punishment
instead of him. The reason they released rats was because he knew that was what he feared most.
I recommend this book to people who first, are looking for something different then the legal
drama’s. And second, to people who want to read something good, and not have to apportion too
much time to reading it.
Whenever a brutal dictator comes into power, many people lose themselves and their identity
because the rest of the world is concerned with merely staying alive. No true reader could ever
pass off Winston’s experience with indifference. You have to have some kind of sympathy for a
man, even if fictional, who can not remember his childhood, or for that matter, even his mother.
That is certain to strike a nerve with almost anyone. In addition to this constant pain of loss, the
reader will also have to vicariously live through lengthy episodes of other psychological pains, and
physical pain. The reader will also be forced to endure the pains of society as “The Party” turns
children against parents, friends against friends, and although the reader will discover the beauty
of a love between a man and a woman, “The Party” will eventually destroy that too.
While “The Party” is an important theme, two other themes are far more important. The first is
the destruction of language. By eliminating more and more words from people’s vocabularies,
“The Party” eliminates the ability of people to unite or conspire against the government.
However, they are also eliminating the possibility of conceiving original thought, which has
catastrophic effects. The ultimate goal of “The Party” is to reduce the language to only one word
thereby eliminating any thought at all. The second important theme is the elimination of the past.
This is the main character, Winston’s, job in the ministry of truth, to make sure that “The Party”
always looks right about every decision it has made in the past.
This quest for total power by “The Party” is an excellent dramatization of Lord Acton’s famous
apothegm, “power tends to corrupt and absolute power corrupts absolutely.” “The Party” seems
like it won’t stop until it controls the minds of everyone under it’s power, and has complete
physical and psychological surveillance on all people at all time. This is exemplified in the fact that
the government can look back at you through your television, or telescreen as it is called in the
book, and the government has set up telescreens almost anywhere you can go. While they don’t
have telescreens in unpopulated country sides, they have gone through the trouble to place hidden
microphones disguised as flowers in those areas. and while there are real no laws, the thought
police can spy on your thoughts at anytime, and can arrest and kill you on a whim. This policy is
mythical. It is not really used for punishment, but to scare everyone else into being good citizens.
No other work of this century has inspired people with such love of liberty and hatred of tyranny.
Humans have a basic desire to be free and not controlled. Therefore, to Orwell as to the Utopian
reformers, the adoption of the governmental doctrine, socialism, was less an economic decision
and more a moral decision. Nineteen Eighty-Four is an expression of Mr. Orwell’s irritation at
many of the facets of English socialism. It is also an expression of his moral and intellectual
indignation at the concept of totalitarianism, where a country is ruled utterly and completely by a
group of few. Another critic says that the book is not a criticism of English socialism at all, but a
warning of the consequences of the contemporary political paths we are following, or were at the
time the book was written. The bombs in Nineteen Eighty-Four symbolize Orwell’s rage about
everything in the political world from the disastrous state of unemployment of the 1930’s, to the
ignorance of the leftist intelligence, stupidly justifying Stalinism. Some literary critics have
attributed the book’s extreme grimness to Orwell’s declining Health, and surmise that his
pessimistic views illustrate his collapsing spirit. Whatever his inspiration or motivation, almost
fifty years after its first publication, Nineteen Eighty-Four remains one of the great novels of this
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