In the 1950’s,
computers were a new race of machines and most common person did not
know anything about them. Today, computers and new Innovation like
the internet has changed the business world and even our daily lives.
Large businesses now mostly depend on computers to stay competitive,
they not only save time and effort, but sometimes they are used to do
very complexe application that are necessary to this business. More
and more companies have there own “Web Page” on the net. Some use
the Internet only to display information about there business, others
really go “all out” and use the Internet as another way for a
client to purshase their goods and services. Either way, the Internet
is getting larger and larger, therefore, businesses that want to stay
on top cannot omit the Internet as another way to transact with their
computers have become necessary in the business world, it also has
become a “must” for certain individuals in their daily lives.
With computers today, the things you can do are unlimited. Desktop
computers, meaning computers designed mostly for home use, are
getting more powerful than ever and its only a beginning. Like in the
business world, the Internet is rising and getting more and more
popular, therefore, all sorts of “virtual companies” have come
out on the Net and once again, it is only a beginning. Although
computers started out by being simple calculators and later on
complicated Main-Frames that used punch cards for input devices,
today’s computers are much more powerful, and they seem a lot more
easy to use and to understand.
computer invented began during World War II when a team of scientists
and engineers at the University of Pennsylvania, in Philadelphia,
invented a general-purpose electronic digital calculator know as
ENIAC, or Electronic Numerator, Integrator, Analyzer, and Computer.
Consisting of eighteen thousand vacuum tubes, occupying most of a
large room, and adding five thousand ten-digit decimal numbers a
second, ENIAC was a revolutionary development, light years ahead of
any other calculators. However, ENIAC was not a computer in the
strict meaning of the term. It could not store a program, in other
words, it could not store a list of list of instructions that tells a
computer what to do. Although ENIAC wasn’t defind as a computer,
but it quickly led to the invention of one, and today’s computers
are its direct descendants.
invention of ENIAC in 1944, another contract was issued for the
design of the Electronic Discrete Variable Computer, or EDVAC, a
computer that would be used to store programs in it. It may seem
simple now, but at the time, it was merely impossible to think that
you could store commands in a machine, for the longer of time, man
had always controlled machines from the outside, your tuned some
knobs and set some switches and the gadgets did your bidding.
Therefore, with “program-stored computers”, it was the opposite.
As it tuned out,
EDVAC wasn’t completed until 1952. The computer was stored in a
large room were it occupied all the space available. It used punched
cards as input devices, therefore, it did not work exactly the same
as our desktop computers, but with the invention of ENIAC, other more
sophisticated computers would eventually come out and all this would
eventually bring us the Pentium computer, which is the computer that
we use today, for every day things like word processing, database
development or simply to play games with your friend.
invention of a program-stored computer, some businesses would try to
make a profit out of it and they did it. Who hasn’t heard of IBM?
The direct descendant of Herman Hollerith’s Tabulating Machine
Company, it is the fifth largest industrial corporation in America
and the world’s biggest computer manufacturer. To a large degree,
IBM is the computer industry, and almost every other computer company
in the world swims in its ocean. It commands abut 40 percent of the
international computer market, producing approximately three fourths
of all medium and large-size computers and one fourth of all personal
IBM started out
in 1914, it was ran by Thomas J. Watson, Sr.. But it is really after
1950, when IBM was ran by Watson’s elder , that IBM took a step
over every other computer business and became the company that we
know today. With the invention of “intelligent” computers, IBM
was about to enter an era of success that has not stopped since.
It is not a
secret that businesses now depend on computers. Not only business,
but any large organization who want to keep their “edge” in
today’s world has to have a computer system. Businesses usually
keep a list of all their employees and clients on huge databases,
every report, note, memo or anything else that is of importance is
stored on computers. Governments, use very expansive IBM mainframes
to keep extraordinary databases of all its population. Schools and
Hospitals are other examples of organizations that depend on
depend so much on computers that it is hard to think how they were
doing it before the invention of computers. Of course, with the use
of computers, Business can be much larger and expand at an
High Tech Society. Great Britain, Europe Edition, 1985.
Trapped in the Net. New Jersey, Princeton University Press, 1997.
Bit by Bit. New York, Library of Congress cataloging in publication
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