political, social or economical one country that rules an alien
country. During the 1800 s, European Countries and the United States
started imperialism in Asia and Africa. In 1841, Dr. Livingston
started exploring the African Interior, which produced promising
information of the land and rivers. Explorations of gold and diamonds
in Africa by Rhodes spurred excitement in the Western Countries. Two
European nations had already had colonies in East Asia in 1800, which
were Spain and the Netherlands. The western nations wanted
imperialism in Africa and Asia because of new economic movements such
as raw materials and new markets to export their goods, and they
wanted to spread their religion in the these new territories.
In the year
1819, Great Britain founded a new colony called Singapore. This
colony became a major stopping point for trade between China and
Europe. This new colony was similar to the colonies set up by
Portugal in the 1400 s in Africa.
After their new
Colony Singapore, Great Britain started to expand their East Asia
colonies for economic reasons. They received the right to trade with
the king of Burma. Later, Great Britain received territorial rights
to Burma when the Burma monarchy collapsed. Meanwhile in East Asia,
France had set up missionaries in Vietnam and was alarmed by the
growing of British Colonies in East Asia. France then established a
French protectorate of Vietnam and later Cambodia, Annam, Tonkin, and
Laos were also protectorates of France. These colonies helped
established new markets for France to trade with. The only major
country in East Asia left to colonize was Thailand but Thailand s
kings were too strong for Great Britain or France to take over. An
opium war was had started in 1842 between Great Britain and China
over the sale of Opium by China to Great Britain citizens. Great
Britain won the war and Great Britain established Hong Kong, which
was a flourishing port with trade of raw materials and goods. Later
in China, the spheres of influence occurred with nations such as
Britain, France, Germany, Russia, and Japan. The nations would pay
warlords for the opportunity to gain exclusive trading rights and
mining privileges. In India, Great Britain took over colonial rule in
imperialism was happening there just as it was doing in Asia. Great
Britain had set up ports in Sierra Leone and the Gold Coast as
trading centers. In 1869, Great Britain took over the Suez Canal
because the Canal would help the country trade faster with their
Asian colonies. After Britain s success of having colonies in Africa,
many other colonies started to follow. France had most of Northern
Africa, Italy had Zanzibar and Libya, Portugal had Angola and
Mozambique, Great Britain had Egypt, Sudan, Kenya, South Africa and
other Africa areas, and Germany had German East Africa and the
Cameroon, Belgium had the Congo, and Spain had the Rio De Oro and Rio
Muni. Two African nations Ethiopia and Liberia had political
Africa and Asia had been similar in several ways. In both Continents,
Europeans set up colonies for economics, but in Africa, the
imperialism was also economic but social and political as well. In
Asia and Africa, imperialism brought strong independents such as
Liberia and Ethiopia in Africa and Thailand and Japan in Asia. On
both continents Missionaries were set up to convert the natives to
Christianity. In Vietnam, French missionaries were persecuted by the
locals, who feared they were a threat to the Confucian Doctrine. In
Africa, missionaries were treated better than the French missionaries
had been in Vietnam. Imperialism brought trade with Africa and Asia.
In Africa, they traded gold and diamonds to European homelands. In
Asia, they traded spices and raw materials to the Europeans. In
Africa and Asia, Imperialism brought about rival European nations
opposing each other for territories on the continents. In Asia,
France had to colonize Vietnam to try to stop Britain s monopoly of
lands in Southeast Asia. In 1898, France and Britain met each other
in Fashoda, Sudan. The two countries would have probably brought war
but France was preoccupied with the Dreyfus affair. Britain then
regained control of Sudan. In East Africa, Germany and Britain became
chief rivals in this area. In South Africa, a war had started between
the Great Britain and the Boers. Great Britain won the war and
obtained the Cape Colony. In Asia, there was more seclusion to
Europeans than there was in Asia. Japan had mostly blocked off
trading with the Western World. China was also like Japan until the
European countries started setting up the spheres of influence. The
natives of both Asia and Africa hated imperialism, and the natives
sometimes tried to revolt from the western nations. The western
nations ruled the foreign lands by protectorates, colonies,
condominiums or spheres of influence.
eventually brought about World War I because of the fighting between
Germany and France for Morocco strategic location. The two countries
fought two or three times for Morocco. The natives hatred towards the
European countries still lingers today because of the Imperialism.
Some of the Imperialism colonies names are still used today. Most of
the natives of Asia and Africa from imperialism still speak their
language left by their former Western country.
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