Поиск

Полнотекстовый поиск:
Где искать:
везде
только в названии
только в тексте
Выводить:
описание
слова в тексте
только заголовок

Рекомендуем ознакомиться

Остальные работы->Реферат
Coming up on a stoplight, I cut off a driver in the car next to me. Having total disregard for anyone but myself. As I proceeded through the stoplight...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
Hemispheric dominance is half of the brain that tends to exercise greater control over certain functions like movement language of the right or left s...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
Who is responsible for whom? Is a prisoner the responsibility of an uninvolved individual? Can individuals with diverse backgrounds hold the same idea...полностью>>
Остальные работы->Реферат
“Thank God it was Ratified”Description of this essay : Constitution”Thank God it was ratified!” With the Constitution, the elite society protectedrigh...полностью>>

Главная > Реферат >Остальные работы

Сохрани ссылку на реферат в одной из сетей:

The Globe Theater changed the course of English Theater forever. The Globe broke rules of ownership, class standards, and promoted the greatest playwright ever, William Shakespeare. Throughout its history the Globe Theater has produced the best of Shakespeare and his amazing plays and when it was closed London never felt the same. But once again Shakespeare is upon us. The newly re-built Globe gives us one more chance to re-live Shakespeare?s plays. Through examining the history and collapse of the Globe Theater one can see how it has come to its recent re-birth, and that it is here to stay.

The Globe Theater was opened in London in 1599. James Burbage, half owner of the theater, built the Globe. The other half of the theater belonged to five men of Lord Chamberlain?s Acting Company. William Shakespeare was the most famous member and owner in the Company. During this time period, it was unusual for the players to actually be owners of the theater at which they performed (Miller-Schutz 1).

The Globe was a central feature of London life. It was the place of the first performances of Hamlet, Othello, King Lear, and Macbeth. The Globe Theater was a gathering place for all social classes. Normally it would be uncommon for the Queen or any other royalty to be in the presence of so many commoners, but at the Globe it was different. There were no social standards on admission, only on where you were able to sit.

The structure of the Globe was made out of timber and built in a round shape. The three-story theater had twenty wooden bays, oak pillars, a thatched roof, and a permanent stage. The Globe had an approximate diameter of a hundred feet, which allowed it to hold about three thousand spectators (Gurr 104).

In 1613, during a performance of Henry VIII the Globe accidentally burned down, luckily none of the thousands of audience members were hurt. John Orrell describes that day best in his book, Rebuilding Shakespeare?s Globe:

The text [in Henry VIII] calls for ?Drum and trumpet, Chambers discharged?, a ?warlike voice? to announce the arrival of ?a noble troop of strangers?. On the fatal day, however, the voice of the chambers, or cannon, accompanied a tongue of fire which accidentally caught the thatch. The wind rapidly fanned the flames all around the roof, and in an hour or two the house was in ruins.(93)

After the fire, the playhouse was immediately rebuilt on its original foundations, but this time the roof was tiled not thatched to prevent future fires. John Orrell believes ?There seems to be no doubt, then, that the second Globe was a more beautiful structure than the first, and more expensive despite the fact that it was no bigger in plan and may even have been built of inferior materials? (94).

From 1642 until 1660, the Puritans forbid theatrical performances in England. Because of this, the Globe was closed in 1642. Lord Chamberlain?s Men obeyed the law, sold their wardrobe and stopped acting, but later on actors began putting on secret performances in other locations. In 1644, the Globe Theater was torn down to build tenements, and its foundations were buried (Brockett 219).

In 1949, Sam Wanamaker comes to London to look for evidence of the Globe and is disappointed that all he can find is a plaque on a brewery wall. Twenty years later, Sam Wanamaker meets Theo Crosby who later becomes the architect for the Globe project.

Brockett, Oscar G. History of the Theatre. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, Inc., 1974.

Gurr, Andrew, and John Orrell. Rebuilding Shakespeare?s Globe. London: Weidenfield and Nicolson, 1989.

Shakespeare?s Globe. Ed. Chantal Miller-Schutz. Jul. 1999. Reading University. 25 Jan. 2000 .

Smith, Irwin. Shakespeare?s Globe Playhouse. New York: New York University, 1964.

Timeline: 1599 to 1999. Ed. Chantal Miller-Schutz. Jul. 1999. Reading University. 25 Jan. 2000 .


Скачать работу

Похожие работы:

  1. Усні теми з англійської мови

    Сочинение >> Иностранный язык
    ... The Constitution is the main law of each state. Each state enters into the Constitution the ... the west and by the Gulf of Mexico in the south. The present territory of the ... The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn". "The Prince and the Pauper" ... to the research in the ...
  2. Краткая грамматика английского языка Долгина Е.А

    Реферат >> Астрономия
    ... for money matters) or the Globe (the theatre in London where ... today. Where is the salt? Pass me the pepper, please. f) ... a subject of scholarly research and discussion. It is ... two English variants of each of the following sentences using the pronouns each and ...
  3. Great Britain (4)

    Реферат >> Иностранный язык
    ... the Gulf Stream, which flows from the Gulf ... . The Tudor ... research, preparing speeches and dealing with the problems of the ... the kingdom after the Prime Minister. The Speaker is elected at the beginning of each ... paper devote equal amount of attention to sport. The ...
  4. Nixon Essay Research Paper RICHARD M NIXON

    Реферат >> Остальные работы
    Nixon Essay, Research Paper RICHARD M. NIXON. The first president of the United States to resign from ... and Military Life In the Whittier little theater group Nixon met “Pat ... Vietnamese had attacked U.S. vessels in the Gulf of Tonkin, Congress had authorized ...
  5. Консультации по английской грамматике

    Реферат >> Исторические личности
    ... rather bad start, but my tutor gave me … good advice. ... course, some homework, an essay, some research, some good advice, some ... part-time workers in the Globe last week. However, ... the piece of paper. The Rope Game 1. Pick up the rope. 2. Put the rope on the ...
  6. Slang, youth subcultures and rock music

    Реферат >> Иностранный язык
    ... graduation paper is devoted to the study of the topic ... effect, research and development divisions of the multinationals. The radical development ... to every part of the globe. Each country supports an ... school all of a twitter very nervous or apprehensive ...

Хочу больше похожих работ...