The United States views whaling very
differently than Japan does. The first whale hunters were in the
prehistoric times. At first they would just kill and eat beached
whales. That became such a habit that they started hunting them. Most
whale hunters use harpoons, guns, lances, or bombs that blow up
inside the whale. They use catcher boats, or kayaks. In 1925, whalers
developed factory ships that could hold 12 catcher boats and a crew
of about 400.
In 1931, the
International Whaling Convention began. The major whaling countries
formed the IWC to protect whales from being over hunted and to
regulate the whaling industries. The main duty of the IWC is to
govern the conduct of whaling throughout the U.S, these measures
provide for the protection of certain species; designate specified
areas as whale sanctuaries; set limits on the numbers and size of
whales which can be taken; have open and closed seasons and areas for
whaling; and prohibit the capture of female whales accompanied by
States stopped whale hunting in 1940 because of the International
Whaling Convention and also because Congress made an U.S. code on
whale hunting. The United States never depended on whale meat like
Japan. They mostly whale hunted for a hobby. The Congress feels that
whales are a unique resource of great scientific interest to mankind
and are a vital part of the marine ecosystem. They think that whales
are a particular interest to citizens of the United States.
whaling way back in the 2nd Century BC. They hunt whales because they
have whale meat as part of their diet and is necessary to keep the
Japanese healthy and alive because they depended on it for so long.
People there eat whale meat as a source of protein. In 1962, the
whaling industry recorded 226,000 tons of whale meat; this was the
highest amount throughout the history of the Japanese whaling. In the
mid -1970’s, whale meat was used more than any other meat and today
it still is but has reduced highly since then.
The U.S and
Japan have something on comon though, In the United States there is
an Indian Tribe that is still whaling. This Tribe is called the Makah
Indians. They are from the western state of Washington. They are
allowed to hunt because the IWC believes that whaling has been in
their tradition for so long that it is all right. Whaling has been a
tradition of the Makah for more than 2000 years. Not like Japan, they
are only legally permitted to take up to five whales per year.
Today there is a
uncertain future for whales. Whalers have killed so many different
species and most of them are threatened with extinction.
That s is it
about my differences and likes on Whaling in the United States
compared to Japan.
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